A new weed species—does it prove Creation wrong?
3 March 2003
subsequently revised to appear in Creation 25(3):27
Two British scientists have just reported their findings of a new species of a type of weed known as a groundsel. The title of their paper1 seems innocuous enough, merely stating that this new weed—Senecio eboracensis—is a hybrid between two other groundsel species. Yet a commentary in The Times of London proudly proclaimed this as a demonstration of ‘evolution in action’. Furthermore, in a not-too-subtle stab at believers in Biblical Creation, the author stated that the weed’s discovery confirms that ‘Darwin was right and the creationists are wrong’!2
Picture of S. vulgaris, the common groundsel:
But does the formation of a new species (i.e. ‘speciation’) really conflict with Scripture? Not at all, as we have repeatedly shown. Rapid diversification within the Genesis kinds—including speciation—is a specific prediction of the Creation model (see What are the evolution and creation models?, the The Creation Answers Book, and other articles in Q&A: Speciation).
Following the global Flood at the time of Noah, plants, animals and people spread out into the new world, and adaptation to new habitats and niches would be expected. God’s created capacity for genetic variability, coupled with the stresses and challenges of new and changeable environments in the post-Flood world, is likely to have resulted in many new varieties of creatures—but this is not evolution of the ‘big-picture’ sort that is required to turn fish into frogs or badgers into biologists.
Interestingly, the Times article stated:
‘The creation of new species can takes [sic] thousands of years, making it too slow for science to detect.’
In this particular case, the hybrid weed, dubbed the York Groundsel,3 is apparently unable to breed back to either of its parent species, the Common Groundsel and the Oxford Ragwort.4 This reproductive isolation is not evolution of the sort which would be capable of eventually turning microbes into magnolias and microbiologists. That sort of change requires the generation of new genetic information in the DNA. Rather, a hybrid—or cross between two species—results from the recombination of existing information from both parent species; no new information has been generated (see also Ligers and wholphins? What next?). What the Times article also fails to mention is that Dr Richard Abbott (who co-authored the paper about the York Groundsel) has previously reported that the Oxford Ragwort parent species is actually itself a hybrid and ‘not a true species’.5
Darwin was correct to point out that natural selection may produce new varieties of organisms, which might then sometimes even go so far as to generate new species. However, he mistakenly extended his biological observations as part of his grand theory to explain the origin of the major kinds/types of plants and animals. To promote this ‘scruffy little weed’ as answering the ‘Creation or evolution?’ question, shows a very superficial understanding of what creationists actually believe, and more importantly, what the Bible actually says, (Genesis 1:11):
‘And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.’
In the last analysis, groundsels breeding groundsels is not evolution—that’s groundless!
References and notes
Lowe, A.J. & Abbott, R.J., A new British species, Senecio eboracensis (Asteraceae), another hybrid derivative of S. vulgaris L. and S. squalidus L., Watsonia 24(1-3), 2001-2002, p. 375-387. Watsonia is the journal of the Botanical Society of the British Isles (BSBI), see <http://www.bsbi.org.uk/html/publications.html>. Return to Text.
Browne, A., Scruffy little weed shows Darwin was right as evolution moves on, The Times Online, 20 February, 2002, <http://www.timesonline.co.uk/newspaper/0,,173-584528,00.html>. Return to Text.
It was first noticed on wasteland in 1979, in the north England town of York, by Richard Abbott, a plant evolutionary biologist and one of the co-authors of the scientific report. The species name, eboracensis, is derived from Eboracum, the Roman name for York. Return to Text.
I.e. Senecio vulgaris and Senecio squalidus respectively. Senecio sp. are collectively known as ragworts. Return to Text.
See <www.ulstermuseum.org.uk/flora/4367.htm> which quotes Richard Abbott’s paper: Abbot, R.J., James, J.K., Irwin, J.A., Comes, H.P., Hybrid origin of the Oxford Ragwort, Senecio squalidus L., Watsonia 23:123Â138, 2000. Return to Text.