Ancient civilizations and modern manAncient Egypt is supposed to be one of the first civilizations, but the sophistication of its achievements has long perplexed scientists. The mathematical precision involved in constructing the pyramids is but one such achievement. It was long believed that man had not developed mathematics to the degree that would allow Egyptians to build such structures. And the enigma of the pyramids pales in comparison to other archaeological discoveries.
Were ancient cultures more advanced than many evolutionists believe?
Above: A vase-like artefact from a 2,000-year-old Parthian town. German archaeologist Wilhelm König and others believe it was a type of battery.
According to Dr Colin Fink of the electro-chemistry department at Columbia University, the ancient Egyptians copper-coated many artefacts using a form of electro-chemical exchange.1 This involved a mixture of chemical elements which, when an object was immersed, caused an electro-chemical charge that deposited the copper permanently on the object.
A Scientific American publication referred to this technique as ‘a secret later lost and not rediscovered until the last century by Faraday’.2 By Cleopatra's day, the Parthians had even developed a primitive electric battery.3 The battery used a thin copper disc at the base of a small 10-centimetre (four-inch) cylinder and was used to gold-plate jewellery. Science Digest called this ‘man's first industrial use of electricity’.4
More recent was the discovery of what some believe to be an ancient Egyptian model glider found in a 2,000-year-old tomb.5 Former NASA contractee William Corliss calls the scale model ‘a very advanced form of what is called a push-glider’.6 Corliss says the 'plane’ would have glided on the air much like modern gliders, and would have required immense aeronautical and mathematical precision. Scientists who have studied the model suggest that its proportions and design would indeed have enabled it to fly.
In neighbouring Greece, the Greeks even had an extremely sophisticated device that could compute planetary motions. Some scientists have called it an early 'computer', while others suggested it was a form of clock. But all concur that the object displayed mechanics supposedly far ahead of its time.7What does the Bible say about advanced civilizations?
Above: Is this a model glider? Some believe it is. Yet it was found in a 2,000 year-old Egyptian tomb.
Above (top): This replica of an elaborate calulating device was based on an artefact found in a sunken Greek ship dating back to the time of Christ.
This view cannot be reconciled with the Bible. The technological complexity of building a vessel such as the Ark may seem a problem, but a larger problem is how Noah could have built an Ark (with a deck area the size of 36 lawn-tennis courts) with the limited resources available to such communities. A larger and more advanced civilization is required.
WORLDWIDE ARRAY OF CIVILIZATIONS
The Apostle Peter clearly believed that the Flood covered the whole world (cf. 2 Peter 3:5–7). Moreover, population studies have shown that the Earth could easily have been populated by at least one billion people in the 1,700 years or so from Adam to Noah.8 This surely suggests a worldwide array of civilizations.
It is not surprising that science cannot find direct evidence of antediluvian civilizations, because the Bible says the whole ancient world was destroyed by the Flood. Peter even compares the destruction to that which will come when the Earth is destroyed by fire (2 Peter 3:5–7). The Flood annihilated virtually all the remains of ancient man. Only scant traces, if any, can be found, and these would be swept under the rug as insignificant anomalies.
Yet these anomalies indicate that ancient civilizations might have been even more advanced than some later civilizations.
In Florida, workers discovered the remains of an ancient city while digging a canal between Lake Dora and Lake Eustis. The city exists far below sea level and was reported in Scientific American.9 Another example is the remains of a large city buried off the Arctic coast.10 Today this region is scarcely populated, except by scattered Eskimos, because of the Arctic's hostile living conditions. Yet archaeologists speculate that the city housed a minimum of 4,000 people.11 The size of the city 'amazes modern investigators'.12Many other examples exist. Indeed, entire volumes have been written on similar 'anomalies'. Most evolutionists have disregarded anything that threatens their evolutionary time-scale, but ignoring the evidence is simply another way of ignoring the truth.
A cylinder found in fossil-encrusted rock. Some researchers have equated it with a modern-day spark plug.
These civilizations did indeed exist, and archaeologists have discovered many curious artefacts that point to a high degree of scientific achievement. Perhaps the most peculiar of these consists of a strange cylinder found embedded in solid rock from ages ago. This cylinder appears, from all known studies, to be a mechanical apparatus with possible electrical properties, as is evidenced by coiled copper. Some researchers even equated it with the modern-day spark plug, although it doubtless had a different purpose.13
Such evidence cannot be swept under the rug to suit Bible critics. Man did not need to wait for his intelligence to evolve before he could build advanced civilizations. He already was advanced.
TECHNOLOGY UNABLE TO SAVE
In Genesis 11:6–9 God stated that mankind was to be divided by languages at Babel or else 'nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do'. It seems that man is finally reaching the point where civilization and communication between cultures are reaching their zenith.
Nevertheless, technology will not save us. Noah's generation was well advanced, but could not ward off the wrath of God.
Peter warned the early church that ‘For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the Earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: But the heavens and the Earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men’ (2 Peter 3:5–7).
Rather than denigrating ancient man (our ancestors), we ought to humble ourselves and learn a lesson from history before our civilization becomes obscure relics in the ground. What we build will become as dust, but the Kingdom that Christ establishes will last forever.
David Criswell, B.A., has written for Bible-Science Newsletter and other publications, and has been working as a professor's assistant at a college in Texas, USA. He is currently completing his Master of Divinity degree. Return to top.
REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES
William Corliss, Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts, The Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm (Maryland), 1978, p. 443.
Harry M. Schwalb, ‘Electric Batteries of 2,000 Years Ago’, Science Digest, Vol.41 No.4, April 1957, pp. 17–19. See also Creation magazine, Vol.16 No.2, March–May 1994, pp. 10–13.
Ibid, p. 18.
Ref. 1, pp. 454–455.
Derek J. de Solla Price, 'Unworldly Mechanics', Natural History, Vol.71 No.3, March 1962, pp. 8–17.
John Whitcomb and Henry Morris, The Genesis Flood, Presbyterian and Reformed, Phillipsburg, New Jersey, 1961, pp. 25–27. At the time of the Flood there could have been more than three billion people around the globe, assuming a population growth of only 1.3% per year. The current average is 1.8 per cent. Population studies are a big problem for old-Earth advocates. There are simply not enough catastrophes in history to keep man's population growth low enough to allow for 100,000 years or more.
Ref. 1, pp. 83–84.
Froelich G. Rainey, 'Mystery People Of The Arctic', Natural History, Vol.47 No.3, March 1941, pp. 148–155.
Ibid, p. 148.
A.L. Rawson, Transactions Of the New York Academy Of Science, Vol.11, pp. 26–29, as cited by J.R. Jochmans, Strange Relics From The Depths Of The Earth, Forgotten Ages Research Society. Reprinted with permission from the Bible-Science Association, Minneapolis, 1979, p. 17.