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An infuriated and vindictive God?

The importance and relevance of Biblical Creation for understanding a fallen world, the character of God and the Gospel.


Published: 28 April 2016 (GMT+10)

Creation Ministries International has long pointed out where abandoning the straightforward historical reading of Genesis can lead in relation to the understanding of other Biblical doctrines. Unfortunately, a post on a popular social media website by Presbyterian Minister Jim Rigby highlights this point all too well. Rigby, Minister of St. Andrews Presbyterian Church, Austin, Texas, posted the following comments under the title of “MY BAD NEWS”:1

Jim Rigby, Presbyterian minister

“I received some bad news this week. Apparently, because I don’t believe in a literal resurrection, I’m not really Christian…

As I share meals with my family, I have to face the fact that while they are enjoying the heavenly banquet, I will be screaming in unending torment along with Jews and Democrats and the evil college professors who teach evolution…

My accusers explained to me that I had it all wrong. They said I did not understand the gospel. You see, the earth was once a paradise. The dinosaurs were actually gentle and friendly. But then Adam and Eve stole a piece of fruit. God got very angry. So God invented cancer and hemorrhoids to punish human beings for our treachery…

And God’s righteousness is infinite, so God couldn’t just forgive us or teach us how to do better. What might seem to some like a first time misdemeanor of shoplifting fruit, was actually an irreversible irredeemable sin…

So God decided to barbecue us eternally for the mistakes of our ancestors. But God has a son named Jesus who asked God to abuse him instead. And so God killed Jesus in our place. And we call this story, the “good news.”

Oh, and we have to LITERALLY believe Jesus’ corpse got up…”

For many Bible believing Christians such a post prompts an immediate reaction of shock and horror, which is quite probably the author’s intention. But, as time is taken to break down the content of the post, this should quickly change to dismay and despair as Rigby, who holds the title of ‘minister’ in a ‘Christian church’ is denying essentials of the faith and trying to portray God as an infuriated and vindictive monster instead of our loving heavenly father. Rather than seriously engaging with the biblical text, he rather relies on his ‘golden calf’—his own intellect and reasoning—elevating these above Scripture, making emotionally charged and demonstrably false statements. In what follows, we’ll take his main points one at a time.

“My accusers explained to me that I had it all wrong. They said I did not understand the gospel. You see, the earth was once a paradise. The dinosaurs were actually gentle and friendly.”

Rigby, a believer in and promoter of the doctrines of evolution, does not read Genesis as a historical text, and attempts to mock those who do. However, even in his mocking, he admits the clear teaching of Genesis, that there was an originally perfect ‘paradise’; God could look upon it and declare, “It was very good” (Genesis 1:31). And, while popular images of dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex show them ‘red in tooth and claw’, it is clear that dinosaurs, and for that matter, every other animal God created on days five and six, ‘were actually gentle and friendly’, certainly herbivores (Genesis 1:30). In addition, there would have been none of the diseases, such as cancer, that are found later in their fossilised bones in Noahic flood sediments.

So what happened?

“But then Adam and Eve stole a piece of fruit. God got very angry.”

Again, Rigby has the general gist but twists and distorts the teaching of Genesis 3. Elsewhere Rigby refers to this event as, “The myth of original sin”.2 Adam and Eve had full communion with God in the Garden of Eden. Their relationship with Him was perfect and unbroken and their total needs were met already. Their taking of the fruit was outright rebellion against Him, so it meant that they reaped the full consequences of their actions. Sin now disrupted the Paradise that they had known, prompting God’s curse upon creation. They violated the only command that had been given by God. The fuller out-workings of the Curse are outlined in Genesis 3:14–19.

However, even here, God displayed grace, not anger as Rigby would have people believe. He outlined His plan of redemption for humanity, which was now needed as Adam was, “The representative of man at the beginning of the human race. In sinning, he implicated the whole race that was to come after him”.3 Genesis 3:15 gives what is referred to as the ‘proto-evangelium’, the first mention of the Gospel, or good news. God was already pointing to a future time when the descendent of the woman (Jesus) would crush the head of Satan and defeat the Curse.

God highlighted the separation now faced by Adam and Eve by driving them out of the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:24). Communion with God was now broken and this has been mankind’s position ever since. We are separated from God in our natural state due to sin. From the moment of birth the countdown timer starts as we begin to die. Adam, as our federal head and as the forefather and progenitor of the human race has passed this separation and death onto us all.

Is God a monster?

“So God invented cancer and hemorrhoids to punish human beings for our treachery…”
Stephen Fry, British celebrity

Rigby is directly accusing God of being a moral monster whose curse is some sort of nasty retaliation. Rigby is not a sole voice on this charge; in fact, it is an old accusation which has also recently been slung at God by many of the “New Atheists” such as Dawkins, Dennett and Harris. They have also brought accusations against God in relation to his actions throughout the Old Testament, sometimes called atrocity lists, claiming God’s actions are evil, those of a moral monster and inconsistent with his ‘god’ nature. In this vein, Stephen Fry, a well-known UK TV presenter and atheist, recently gave this response to the question of what he would say if he ever did meet God: “I would say bone cancer in children. What’s that about? How dare you, how dare you create a world in which there is such misery that is not our fault. It’s not right, it’s utterly, utterly evil. Why should I respect a capricious, mean-minded, stupid God who creates a world which is so full of injustice and pain?”4

There are problems with these kinds of accusations which try to make God out to be a monster. History, as recorded in the Bible, has a very clear historical timeline, something that accusers deliberately seem to ignore, as in the case of Stephen Fry, or warp, like Rigby. The world as we now know it is not in the same perfect state as when God created it; we now live in a fallen and cursed universe. The Bible is clear that since the time of the Curse “We know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies” (Romans 8:22–23). The monster God they are imagining simply does not exist. The death-filled evolutionary timeline does not exist. There was no ‘evil creator God’ who created this world with all the horrible diseases as we see it today.

However, in correcting the fallacies put forward by such men we must remember that answering questions on this topic is not some dry dispassionate theological discourse! Real people, their relatives and their friends struggle with the effects of some horrifically painful and degenerative diseases. This kind of thing is happening every single day, so our answers should be filled with compassion.

Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria

All diseases—whether caused by harmful genetic mutations such as the many forms of cancer, or those caused by pathogenic viruses and bacteria such as the Ebola virus and bubonic plague, and so on—are the inevitable consequence of a cursed world, now fallen through human rebellion against God’s goodness and perfect will. None of these diseases was present in the original creation and they are only now in existence as a result of corrupted and broken-down versions of what was originally made. For example, most strains of the rod-shaped E. coli bacteria are not pathogenic (disease causing) for humans, with many strains residing in your gut, helping your body to break down and digest the food you eat, and even display magnificent design features such as the motorised flagellum. “But the grotesque imagery of E. coli infections tells a different story: After eating food contaminated with pathogenic strains [such as the Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain], people can experience vomiting, diarrhea, and dysentery. And in rare cases, the bacteria can lead to kidney failure and even death”.5 The Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain has been a major concern to the food industry since its discovery in 1982. It is thought ultimately to have come from a nonpathogenic E. coli bacteria through a combination of genomic reduction and the acquiring of genes from a bacteriophage; i.e. a virus that infected the bacteria.6 It is these ‘new’ genes, among other putative virulence factors, that produce a poisonous substance called Shiga toxin, causing the various symptoms.

Seeing such aberrations of God’s perfect originally created organisms should be a sober reminder of the monstrous sins of human beings against God. The gulf, between our present experience of a fallen world and what Christian believers will experience beyond this mortal life, is so immense that it is beyond our comprehension. For those prepared to acknowledge the truth of Scripture, there are good answers to Why would a loving God allow death and suffering?

By what standards do human beings presume to judge God?

When people such as Rigby insinuate that the literal understanding of Genesis 3 makes God the vindictive dispenser of arbitrary punishments, there are a number of questions that need to be asked:

  • By what standard(s) are they making this judgment?
  • Are they using their own subjective view of truth to set the standard?
  • If the latter, how do they determine what is right and what is wrong in the first place? What moral law are they using (if any) and how can they impose this on anyone else?
Why does an atheist weep over death?

If, as consistent naturalistic evolutionists or atheists are forced to concede, there is ultimately no right or wrong, how could they ever pronounce God’s morals unethical, immoral or monstrous? Many such writers either fail to see (or to acknowledge) this very obvious problem.

However, people are inconsistent (often ‘blessedly inconsistent’) and even the most committed atheist can be emotionally charged, speaking with deep pain and anger in response to death and suffering. The reality is that they cannot help acknowledging that humanity does have inherit value compared to mere animals (indeed, since we are made in the image of God), and that death is an enemy (1 Corinthians 15:26). What an awkward and inconsolable position to be in! They want to weep, but do not want to admit why they weep, as they must force themselves to stick to their mantra.

On what standards does God judge us?

And God’s righteousness is infinite, so God couldn’t just forgive us or teach us how to do better. What might seem to some like a first time misdemeanor of shoplifting fruit, was actually an irreversible irredeemable sin…

So God decided to barbecue us eternally for the mistakes of our ancestors.

Such irreverent language reveals Rigby’s lack of the fear of God, appropriate for any professing Christian (see Jeremiah 2:19, Romans 3:18). His distortion of the biblical facts shows no appreciation for the holiness of God, or the reverence that we should have towards him. We ought to keep in mind the status and holiness of the One that was offended. The level of punishment corresponds to the infinite holiness of the One who was offended. In the case of the Fall, it was the eternal, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient and wholly pure God who was able to create the universe by the power of his word! Our sinful nature, inherited from our ancestor Adam, means that we are now naturally pre-disposed towards continually offending God. We exist in a sinful state, “None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one” (Romans 3:10–12).

Hence, God cannot just teach, ‘us how to do better’, as, “We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment” (Isaiah 64:6). So it’s not a matter of God deciding to eternally punish sinners in Hell “for the mistakes of [their] ancestors”; we are each responsible to God for our own sin. We have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23), debtors and hell-deserving. Tommy Clayton puts it exceptionally well when he asks, “So, how could someone who claims to be faithful to Scripture ridicule the idea of eternal punishment? What is at the heart of their rejection of a never-ending hell? It’s simple, really—they minimize the seriousness of human sin and guilt, and they distort the perfection of divine justice. That’s the crime of Protestant Liberalism and every false religion”.7 To read more about ‘why a loving God would send people to hell’, see here.

Divine justice—The Good News!

But God has a son named Jesus who asked God to abuse him instead. And so God killed Jesus in our place. And we call this story, the “good news.”

In contrast to these appalling, blasphemous comments from Rigby, we answer with: “This is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:16). Rigby, although sarcastically, recognises this message as the good news. And it is good news! Jesus became the propitiation for our sins! Propitiation simply means that by the shedding of His blood on the Cross, making an atonement for sin, Jesus turned aside God’s wrath from guilty sinners—a penal substitution. God could then declare those who accept Jesus’ sacrifice as justified: a legal term which means to be declared guiltless. Jesus became the Substitute.

As the ‘last Adam’, (1 Corinthians 15:45), Jesus dealt with the curse that was brought on us by the first man Adam. By allowing this transaction God showed His perfect justice (Romans 3:26). “The believer is [then] treated as though he were Christ and is made the righteousness of God. This is not because of what the believer is in himself, but solely because of his position in Christ.”8 This means that being sinful is not, as Rigby states, an irreversible or irredeemable state. Rather, “all who did receive him [Jesus], who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God” (John 1:12), being redeemed by His shed blood.

Rigby calls this good news ‘abuse’, following in the line of an increasing number of other modern writers, some of whom are professing evangelicals. For example Steve Chalke, a British Baptist Minister, caused a furore when he stated that penal substitution (Jesus bearing our iniquities for us), reduces “God to a ‘cosmic child abuser’.”9 But the Bible, something that Rigby has forgotten to reference during his rant, makes it clear that, “The Lord Jesus [equal with the Father in the Godhead], was not an ‘abused child’ or unwilling participant in our redemption. He willingly went to the Cross and offered Himself in our place (John 10:15–17; Galatians 1:4; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 12:2)”.10 Praise God that he did!

Was the resurrection physical?

Oh, and we have to LITERALLY believe Jesus’ corpse got up…

What the bible teaches about the physical reality of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection is very clear (bold emphases added):

And the Word [Jesus] became flesh and dwelt among us (John 1:14).

Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God (1 John 4:1–3).

Now I would remind you, brothers of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. (1 Corinthians 15:1–7)

Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified about God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins. Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (1 Corinthians 15:12–19).

These verses (and the many others that could be quoted) are abundantly clear on the physical nature of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection, even offering the names and groups of people that he appeared to. Because Rigby denies the historical truth of creation he fails to grasp the reality of why Jesus physically died on the cross. 1 Corinthians 15:21–22 goes on to explain the obvious comparisons and contrasts between the physical death that Adam brought into creation because of sin (hence why we all physically die today, as well as being spiritually dead), and Jesus’ physical death and resurrection. That Christ rose again is the proof that His sacrifice was accepted. It also means that, one day, believers can be physically resurrected and dwell with God on the new earth. Jesus really lived and died in history which is why you can really be saved at this moment and time in history. What the Bible tells us about Jesus were real historical events, in spite of the jibes of ‘minister’ Rigby. The Bible’s rich theology is outworked through historical events. The historical, bodily resurrection of Jesus means that, “If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved” (Romans 10:9–10).

How does this relate to the character of God?

Rigby and many others will continue to rail against God as some sort of infuriated, vindictive monster; in so doing, they seem to consider themselves morally superior and are adding to their own fearful condemnation. Rather, the Bible clearly demonstrates God’s love towards us and the goodness of his character. While there are many components to the character of God outlined in the Bible, the following summary table of some of God’s attributes (His character) is something that His haters and detractors would do well to consider soberly:

Good “And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good” (Genesis 1:31). The original creation that God intended us to live in had no sin, suffering or death, demonstrating the goodness of God’s character in his creative acts.
Holy “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!” (Revelation 4:8). God is wholly pure and in him is no evil. God calls us to be a holy people.
Love “God is love” (1 John 4:8). “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him” (John 3:16–17).
Patient “Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love” (Joel 2:13).
Merciful “The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, ‘The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin’ ” (Exodus 34:6–7).
Just “[B]ut now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man [Jesus] whom he has appointed; and of this he has given assurance to all by raising him from the dead” (Acts 17:30–31).

When the Bible is sincerely and carefully studied, each passage in context, and as a whole, the inescapable conclusion is that God is one worthy of our praise, worship and adoration. So what is the real nature of the accusations against God, whether of Jim Rigby, Stephen Fry or anyone else? Chris Sinkinson surely hits that nail on the head when he says, “Perhaps this is the real reason many people rail against the God of the Bible? It is not that they think he is a moral monster, but that they are afraid he is a moral judge, and that has implications for our behaviour now.”11 The reality is that people often use evolution12 to try and rid themselves of God as Creator and owner of this universe because they wish to live as they please and are uncomfortable with the idea of judgment.


Having abandoned the historicity of Genesis and many of the core doctrines of the Christian faith, Rigby has tried to give a counterfeit version of the truth by using Christian terminology in what he teaches. Wisdom that is truly from above always acts in obedience to the Word of God, which Rigby has demonstrably not done. As we have considered the true history of mankind and its necessity for the Gospel, we do well to heed the advice of godly John C. Ryle (Bishop of Liverpool in the 19th century) in fulfilling the great commission given to Christians. We must be “very careful on this point. It is no real kindness to keep back the terrors of the Lord: it is good for us all to be taught that it is possible to be lost forever, and that all unconverted people are hanging on the brink of the pit.”13

References and notes

  1. Rigby, J., My bad news, facebook.com, 25 December 2015; accessed 20 February 2016. For brevity, only the relevant and salient portions of the post have been quoted in this article. Return to text.
  2. Rigby, J., facebook.com, 19 January 2016; accessed 20 February 2016. Return to text.
  3. Grieve, P., Leviticus; Richie Old Testament Commentaries, Eds: Stevely, W.S. & West, D.E., John Ritchie Ltd, Kilmarnock, Scotland, p. 65, 2010. Return to text.
  4. Stephen Fry on God: The meaning of Life with Gay Byrne, RTE One, 1 February 2015. Return to text.
  5. Buckley, C., How E. coli cells work in the human gut, today.uconn.edu, 24 July 2012; accessed 21 February 2016. Return to text.
  6. Lim, J.Y., Yoon, J.-W., & Hovde, C.J., A brief overview of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and its plasmid O157, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 20(1):5–14, 2010; jmb.or.kr, accessed 21 February 2016. Return to text.
  7. Clayton, T., Is God a Monster? 18 May 2011; gty.org.uk, accessed 19 April 2016. Return to text.
  8. Ref. 3, p. 59. Return to text.
  9. Chalke, S., Redeeming the Cross: The Lost Message of Jesus & the cross of Christ, 24 November 2005; oasistrust.org, accessed 20 February 2016. Return to text.
  10. Anon, Christ’s Substitutionary Sacrifice: a brief study of the atonement, Trinitarian Bible Society, Tyndale House, London p. 5, 2006. Return to text.
  11. Sinkinson, C., Unapologetic Christianity – Is God a Monster?, bethinking.org, accessed 20 February 2016. Return to text.
  12. Refer back to the second paragraph of Rigby’s comments that headed this article. Return to text.
  13. Ryle, J.C., Expository thoughts on Matthew, The Banner of Truth Trust, Edinburgh, Scotland, p. 20, 1986. Return to text.

Readers’ comments

Stephen C.
I can understand (though I disagree with) Christians wanting to allegorize or poeticize Genesis in order to hold onto their Old Earth views. However, this man doesn't merely do that, he claims that Genesis actually paints God in a horrible light! Does he even accept Genesis as part of Scripture, or does he believe that Genesis needs to be thrown out altogether?

Furthermore, he rejects a physical resurrection, which calls into question all the gospels. As the article pointed out, Paul made a big deal about the resurrection being true, so does he throw out all the Pauline epistles as well? Just how much (or how little) of the Bible does this Jim Rigby believe to be true?

Whatever god he believes in, I can't imagine it even resembling the true God, as He revealed Himself in the Bible. Why does Mr. Rigby even WANT to be considered a Christian when he doesn't seem to want anything to do with Christian doctrine?

Praying Jim Rigby learns of and enters into a relationship with the true God, through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, before he ends up being told, "I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!" (Matthew 7:23b)
Dan M.
In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said:
"Beware of false prophets. They come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves. By their fruits you will recognize them ..."
No other term precisely describes a Presbyterian minister who denies the clear teachings of scripture and who mocks believers.
But Jesus also said, "Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your Father in heaven ..." Pray for this false prophet, that he will someday see the light of Christ.
Raymond B.

Just another false prophet. As he picks, chooses Or Privately Interprets what he preaches. He has no credibility or substance at all. But it also highlights the fact of woeful bible knowledge among those attending, that their knowledge is so lacking they can't rightly remove him from the pulpit
Graham Q.
Like Andrew E from Australia who commented earlier, I too '...was trying to give Rigby the benefit of the doubt'. After viewing several pages on his church's website however, I was saddened to discover that Jesus is not upheld as who He truthfully is — God the Son, the ONLY possible path to "Sacredness and Oneness of life". Only God really knows the heart of any of us, but I venture to say that Rigby at the very least is misinformed or denying as to the nature of God and His requirement and intense loving desire for us to find salvation through His Son, Jesus. There could however, be something more sinister in how Rigby chooses to represent God — a wolf in sheep's clothing.
Terry D P.
This comment of Jim Rigby tells me that the Holy Spirit has already revealed to him his eternal destiny, should he fail to come to his senses and repent…
«/ Jim Rigby, Presbyterian minister “I received some bad news this week. Apparently, because I don't believe in a literal resurrection, I'm not really Christian… As I share meals with my family, I have to face the fact that while they are enjoying the heavenly banquet, I will be screaming in unending torment along with Jews and Democrats and the evil college professors who teach evolution… /»
Now, in the Bible God commands, “Do not bear false witness” or “Do not lie”, citing serious consequences for all those love and practise deceit…
«/ Outside are dogs, sorcerers and fornicators, murderers and idolaters, and all who love and practise deceit. — Rev§22:15 /»
So, is it possible that the eternal Holy Spirit, who tells us so clearly in the Bible not to tell lies, could actually be lying to we humans in Genesis by saying that the whole universe was created in literal six days?
«/ Certainly not! God must be true though every man living were a liar; for we read in Scripture, ‘When thou speakest thou shalt be vindicated, and win the verdict when thou art on trial. — Ro§3:4 /»
Jim might well feel offended by the truth that God could condemn him and his mates to unending torment for not believing in the literal resurrection of the dead and of teaching evolution. But in this Jim and his mates are missing the real point, that they are offending God by teaching people that God aka the Holy Spirit is a liar who cannot be trusted to redeem us from sin and give us an eternal resurrected life.
S. P.
I find it so odd that so many atheists won't "believe in" God (more accurately, won't follow Him) cos they can't stand the suffering they see around them... but find it more acceptable that that very same suffering comes from utterly nowhere, with no reason, and no recourse but to hope that we, in our extremely finite knowledge and wisdom, can fix it.

I really don't understand how that's supposed to be a better belief.... if you're going by what seems "nicer" (which honestly seems like the case in these kinds of arguments), isn't it nicer that God allowed disease in the interim, based on our faulty (and yes, irreversible) choice to allow sin into the world, with an end goal in mind that it would eventually be abolished, rather than to see disease as pointless, a natural part of life, and ultimately unable to be stopped?
Mark M.
When religion is freed from the shackles of Fundamentalism it becomes free to evolve in the same way as everything else, into bewildering diversity, and sometimes nothingness. Inorance is bliss but people like Rigby force you to think and that is a bit frightening - in case he is right.
Philip Bell
Yes and no. When men and women (made in God's image and with "eternity in their hearts", Ecclesiastes 3:11), reject God's perfect revelation (see Psalm 19:7-11), or else are ignorant of it, their thoughts may indeed run riot; hence the amazing array of false religions and ideologies that human beings have invented throughout their history.
The only true revelation of God to humankind, far from being a shackle, grants us the potential to be truly free (see John 8:32). Ignorance may be bliss of a sort but God's love is revealed in telling us the truth about our condition. If you saw someone sleeping in a car near a cliff-top, blissfully unaware that it had begun to roll towards the edge, it would be criminal not to raise the alarm!
Philip S.
... How can man blame God the Creator, if he that calls himself man, cannot behave and maintain what he himself have defined as good. If people, all people, want God the Creator to destroy evil, then let us ask man to define the evil they want God the Creator to destroy ... Man has freedom of choice and man knows good and evil. God the Creator knows good and evil as well, but He is superior because he knows the outcome of any choice man makes even before he, man, has made it. Let man show he can be good, and drive what is evil out by himself, then they can ask God to destroy evil, because then man has exercised his freedom of choice. Every man without [exception] must be in total agreement on this, otherwise God will be blamed for the allowing the wrongs again. You see man wants authority without responsibility and accountability.
You either follow Gods ways or not, and God will help you to do good, but if you insist to do evil, God will not [necessarily] stop you nor destroy evil just because we choose to do evil; that will be against the wish of those who want to do evil, and they will, just as the atheists of today, be upset because God is going against their will and choice.
Sin was brought to the earth by man, now man has to get rid of it; and God is prepared to help, but then we must choose His ways not our own. ...
Chuck J.
Curious of Rigby's reach, I did a search and found that they claimed 659 attendees on one Sunday. This is so sad!! How sad that so many listen to his drivel. May God bless Creation Ministries.
Breese R.
Creation demonstrates a loving intelligent designer. It should not be hard to accept that the pathogenic bacteria and viruses are modifications to God's original designs by a malevolent intelligence who we identify as the Devil. If we can manipulate genes surely he can. Other diseases are a result of our failing to follow God's instructions on how to live.
Philip Bell
The Bible offers no support for the notion that the Devil is the cause of the mutations that caused bacteria and viruses to become pathogenic (disease-causing). Rather, the sovereignty of God is seen in His active cursing of the whole Creation as a result of the sin of our first parents.

For instance, God Himself cursed the serpent (Genesis 3:14), ordained that childbirth would be very painful (Genesis 3:16), cursed the very ground so that agriculture would be hard toil (Genesis 3:17), including the production of thorns and thistles (Genesis 3:18). It was God who subjected the whole created order to this 'futility' (Romans 8:20), and this 'frustration' shows itself in a host of ways, whether disease, man's inhumanity to man, tsunamis, earthquakes, mudslides, or whatever. The creation 'groans' under the weight of the effects of sin and the Curse.
Death itself was the penalty for human sin, inflicted upon Adam and his descendants as a result of his rebellion (Genesis 3:19; Romans 5:12). These punishments are designed, within the will of God, to lead us back to him. Willem D. put it very well in his comment on this article for 28 April. Decay, disease, carnage and death ought to remind us of the sinfulness of sin and the hopelessness of the human condition, thereby leading people to repent and believe in God's appointed Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.

It would be worth reading the following: Did God make pathogenic viruses? and Understanding Poisons from a Creationist Perspective.

Ken C.
CS Lewis dealt extensively with the topic of pain and suffering he states, “Tribulations cannot cease until God either sees us remade or sees that our remaking is now hopeless.” Hence Revelation chapter 21, verse 4 expresses the hope of what is to come: “He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away”. He also stated, “If God is Love, He is by definition something more than mere kindness. And it appears from all the records that though He has often rebuked us and condemned us, He has never regarded us with contempt. He has paid us the intolerable compliment of loving us in the deepest, most tragic, most inexorable sense.”

Hellen Keller sums up well the role of suffering in our lives, she states, “I can say with conviction that the struggle which evil necessitates is one of the greatest blessings. It makes us strong, patient, helpful men and women. It lets us into the soul of things and teaches us that although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcomings of it. My optimism, then, does not rest on the absence of evil, but on a glad belief in the preponderance of good and a willing effort always to cooperate with the good, that it may prevail…I thank God for my handicaps, for through them, I have found myself, my work and my God.”… I can see in what you call the dark, but which to me is golden. I can see a God-made world, not a man-made world”.

Thomas M.
The response was masterful but I'm not sure it was worth it because the people to whom it was directed are so far beyond the pale of even liberal Christianity.
Malcolm H.
The problem I have with Mr Rigby and all the other apostate ministers in the church, is if this is what they believe instead of God's Word, then stop drawing an income from the ministry and leave. If this kind of conduct happened from the head of a secular organisation they would be fired for such treachery. The question I have is, if he does not believe Scripture then what does he fill his time with in the pulpit? There are only so many humanist subjects you can talk on but the material in the Bible is inexhaustible.
Phil W.
God is the only being that can restrict the law of entropy. Anyone or anything that becomes separated from the nurturing powers of God then becomes subject to the decaying and degrading forces of entropy: shortening of the telomeres, things that lead to death, such as disease, cancer, accidental death, suicide, death by murder, war, etc. These are natural things that occur when we separate ourselves from God. If we desire life, then we need to join ourselves back to God. The only way to do this is through believing and trusting in His Word. And we show this by our obedience to His commandments. Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth and the LIFE: No man comes unto the Father (God) but by me." (John 14:6) If we fail to do this, then we suffer the natural consequences in this life and worse in the next. Anyone who sees what is going on in the world today and believes that man deserves to take the place of God, then deserves the natural consequences that will follow from holding to that worldview.
Filipp T.
Brilliant article! and the responses are just as thought provoking as the article itself. That is why I love CMI and the community involved with them!
John W.
Penal substitution and appeasing an angry God are Roman pagan mindsets. God is a creator. Design laws are different to our penal laws. Whenever I create something and it fails to function correctly I dont get angry. I loving correct it. So if death is the consequence of sin, rather than the penalty, the only remedy possible for the salvation of mankind was substitution. God had to step in and suffer the consequences in Christ, because man was doomed otherwise.
Christendom does have a major problem facing intelligent people with the popular view of hell (eternalburning), because it is false, unbiblical, and doesn't fit the model of a God of love. Death is the wages of sin, not eternal life in a fire. But not all Christians believe that terrible theory. Dr Fudge did Christianity a great favour with "The Fire That Consumes" which has been .told in the film "Hell and Mr Fudge." The fire is to cleanse the earth of sin after this great experiment with sin is ended (the second death). Those who burn will not be there to appease an angry God but because they never accepted the remedy - life in Christ. He rose from the dead. He can raise us from the first death, which Jesus referred to simply as a sleep.
Philip Bell
Your argument fails because your main premise is wrong (and unbiblical): "if death is the consequence of sin, rather than the penalty..." Death is not merely the consequence of sin, rather it is the penalty. Not only is the Old Testament replete with teaching on this very point (try searching an online Bible text for 'penalty'), but the New Testament is adamant on this point. Sin earns the 'wage' of death (Romans 6:23), and judgment (Hebrews 9:27).
Intelligent people may well disdain the idea of an eternal punishment in hell but your claim that this doctrine is "false" and "unbiblical" founders on the Bible itself: Matthew 5:22, Matthew 13:50, Matthew 25:46, Jude 1:7, to name but a few verses. To reject this fact is to reject Christ's own words. Your appeal to Dr Fudge (rather than Scripture itself) is an apt illustration of how many prefer the words of men to those of Christ. Jesus gave a very sobering warning on this very point; see Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26).
Rather than attempt to 'fudge' the plain meaning of Scripture, we must take every verse in its intended context and also within the whole gamut of God's Word. This applies to all those verses I have already listed, as well as 1 Timothy 4:10 which you mentioned. That chapter talks of a great apostasy from God's truth that will occur in the last days; people will "depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons" (1 Timothy 4:1). Thus, verse 10, in this context, is very far from a declaration of 'Universalism'! I say this not to score points. Love warns!
Therefore, we see here that God is (through Paul the Apostle), warning of end time deception and apostasy precisely because hell is hot, it is real, and will be the destination of those who reject the Gospel of Christ. It is "those who believe" that are saved (v. 10), just as the Lord Jesus Christ taught in the famous words of John 3:16. Not to believe, say Jesus, is to "perish". To underline this, John 3:18 states (my emphasis): "Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God."
David P.
"immediate reaction of shock and horror," does not describe my reaction to such a distortion of the Genesis account - Genesis, the answer to life the universe and everything!
My reaction is fury ... [at] ... this fraud who takes money under the pretence of being a minister of the Word and Sacraments. ... Jim Rigby is plainly NOT a minister of the Word and Sacraments, he is not a Presbyterian anything, he is totally unfit for the position he holds and the elders and his congregation and his denomination should immediately defrock him and send him packing immediately. ... We get enough airhead responses from atheists/evolutionists without getting them from wolves sprung up among the flock. ...
Dave D.
A very very excellent article.
And a an excellent and true reply by Phil Robinson.

Willem D.
"So God invented cancer and hemorrhoids to punish human beings for our treachery…"

I don't see, even if it were true, how that's any worse than a perfect, infinitely wise God using evolution to create, which leads to cancer and hemorrhoids for no reason at all. But besides that, I find it a pretty stupid statement. I'm not sure if my way of seeing it is exactly biblical, but to me, the punishment for sin is not even so much a punishment as it is the only logical outcome of our rebellion against God. God is the Source of everything. What else could we expect when we seperated ourselves from the only Lifegiver there is, than death? We wanted to be gods ourselves, and in a way god accepted our choice. "You want to be your own gods? You want to give yourself life? Keep the universe in place, prevent DNA damage, prevent animals from eating each other, prevent bacteria from running wild, prevent plants from developing thorns, well go ahead! I won't take care of it so much anymore, because you can do it yourselves. But remember this: just as I told you earlier, you really canNOT do it yourselves, that's just not how it works and you WILL find that out and that won't be nice." And that's what we did find out and that's what we still find out everyday. That's why there's cancer and hemorrhoids. Just as I can't blame Samsung for my telephone shutting down when I don't connect it to a powersource every now and then, we can't blame God for living in a universe that's "shutting down" when we chose to disconnect from the only Source of everything.
Thank and praise God He didn't leave us in that miserable state but provided the solution in Jesus!

(Oh and thank CMI for yet another great article!)
Joseph M.
The accuser is Jim Rigby's own tongue and it is his tongue that will condemn him. Seems the gospel is foolishness to Jim Rigby in his writing. Well, scripture tells us about those who regard the teachings of the gospel as foolishness.

"For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written: I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe. For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom; but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness, but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men." (1 Corinthians 1:18–25)
Michael R.
Thank you for a brilliant article. I am actually a practising Catholic, and I love your website and the daily articles I receive. If we are honest friends, we have to admit that within both Protestantism and Catholicism there are those who, for one reason or another, do not accept the authority of Scripture, but place more importance on human thinking and modern, trendy ideas. I think the real division among Christians today is not so much between Catholics and Protestants, but between those of us who love and believe in the Bible, and those like Rigby who do not. It is so important that we humble ourselves before God, accept that we are sinners and thank Him for the wonderful gift to us of his Son.
Hugh M.
My religion from my first birth was a flesh and blood inheritance, and was essentially the performance of ritualistic acts, and repetitions which came to be performed mindlessly. Consequently it was only performed for community acceptance. So when I left home I drifted agnostically through a variety of faith groups, and when I eventually became a Christian it was as an evolutionary theist. I had been hooked and wanted to know more, and went down an intellectual road, but such was the quantity and variety of interpretations on offer that I despaired of coming at an understanding of Scripture by that means. It was only by becoming a creationist that I had the security of limitations to my search; to restrict myself to the Bible as much as possible, being open to testing the spirits.

It was only when I came to look at those individuals whom the apostles wished to deny access to Christ [Matthew 19:13] that I discovered their importance in furthering my understanding of much of what Our Lord said. These individuals were the only humans whom Jesus held out to us as models for emulation; after we repent. These individuals are changeless from generation to generation in their interpretation of Bible stories; they are the children. Christ said that we should receive his message like a little child if we were to enter His Kingdom. Little children are fundamentalists; at Piaget's 'concrete operations' stage [Jean Piaget (1896-1980), clinical & educational psychologist].
Luke 10:21. At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit,said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children (or 'little ones'). Yes, Father, for this is what you were pleased to do.'' (Here the reference to 'little children' or 'little ones' is to His unlettered disciples)
Dennis A.
As I first read the WORDS of Rev. Rigby my initial response was to add my own diatribe to his but instead I will let Jesus's own words recorded in Matthew 12:36-37 speak for themselves. Our Texas friend has some pain that goes beyond just disagreement or denial. Very sad and destructive.
Doug L.
You know, I WANT to say something insightful and pithy about Mr. Rigby but all I can do is sit here, mouth agape, astonished that this man calls himself a minister! Let's see, he's a "minister" in a Christian church. All we know about Christ is from the Bible. Yet he rejects the Bible! So he rejects the very thing he supposedly stands for. I'm sure there must be a word for this but I don't know what it is other than very, very sad. I think John P. from Australia has it nailed though: wolf in sheep's clothing.
john P.
When Jim Rigby departs this life and has to give an account to God I sincerely hope he has repented by then or he will regret his words. Far from being vindictive and nasty, God is patient, loving, kind, but He can not tolerate sin.

Rigby has been scammed and deceived by the devil and has not realised it. He certainly should not be a minister, his congregation must be completely devoid of comfort and anticipation for eternity, and we should thank God if we are in a Bible believing church rather than a liberal one where the shepherd is devoid of purpose, guidance and comfort.

Those who lead their flock astray will answer to God one day, and by ignoring John's warning in Revelation 22:19 (and where Jesus warns anyone harming little children would fare better with a millstone around their neck, thrown into the depths of the sea), will find they have made the wrong choice. God wants everyone to be saved but if they choose not to be by rejecting Him, He has to let them have their choice.
By knowing what the Bible says and not believing it, Jim Rigby has really exposed himself as a wolf in sheep's clothing.
Joe F.
Rigby's screed, like those of so many other skeptics, degenerates into middle school-level mockery. Such is the hallmark of those without an argument. We see it here in references to Hell as "barbecuing us eternally," and other such flippant comments. These are the words common to so many modern skeptics who, having no other way to support their empty claims, must instead resort to literary tactics like Rigby displays in this diatribe. His rejection of the resurrection puts him clearly outside the camp, and should be a warning to others not to follow where he is leading.
Frank G.
According to the citation Rigby published his first rant on Christmas day. That's amazing in and of itself. He seems to be infuriated that someone would challenge his Christianity. My question is why bother to call yourself a Christian at all if you don't believe the most basic tenets of Christianity? Sad for him.
Andrew E.
I was trying to give Rigby the benefit of the doubt, but if you look at his church statement, it identifies Jesus as just one possible path to "Sacredness and Oneness of life". Oh boy.

What's even more disturbing is that in the nearly 400 comments, less than a handful actually identify there is a fundamental problem behind the satire.
John H.
God regards all sin as a deadly cancer that spreads from a single cell to consume and infect and destroy the host. God has no option than to remove every last residue of cancerous sin. Those who assert that God is ruthless and brutal in dealing with sin would be horrified if any surgeon treating their cancer in a casual and lenient way, and left cancer cells behind to again grow and destroy them. Surgery to remove cancer can well be ruthless and brutal, but no victim of cancer would tolerate a surgeon who left even a single cancer cell behind to again spread and kill the person. Nor can God leave any residue of deadly cancerous sin in place to reinfect anything under His dominion. All sin must be removed and quarantined for eternity. It can be no other Way.
Philip Bell
The point is a good one, though it would be better to state: "no victim of cancer would tolerate a surgeon who wilfully and knowingly left even a single cancer cell behind to again spread and kill the person." Obviously, God's perfect knowledge means He is unlike the human surgeon in this regard.
Anthony B.
I consider that God was cruel and vindictive when He sent the Flood which killed everybody apart from 8. The sinners whom God killed could not have accepted Jesus as their Saviour as He had not then appeared on Earth so they would not have received His message. The destruction of animals in the Flood was unjustifiable as they had not sinned.
Philip Bell
On the contrary, when the Genesis account is read carefully, we see that the pre-Flood people were completely culpable for their ruin. For instance, Genesis 6:5 (my emphasis): "The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually." Furthermore, Genesis 6:11-12 reveals that, "the earth was corrupt ... filled with violence. ... for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth."
Notice, these people were utterly corrupt and this was of their own making. Nevertheless, Noah preached to them (probably for a century) of their desperate need for righteousness (2 Peter 2:5), and warned of impending judgement; the Ark was a constant visual reminder of the reality of their predicament if they refused God's word. A vindictive person delights in hurting his victim whereas we see in the Genesis record, of these God's dealings with the antediluvians, a perfect illustration of Ezekiel 18:23: "Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign Lord. Rather, am I not pleased when they turn from their ways and live?"
Ezekiel 18:32 underscores this truth, adding that the appropriate response of sinners is to repent (i.e. change their mind and direction). And, as if that wasn't emphasis enough, God adds this appeal: "Turn! Turn from your evil ways! Why will you die...?" (Ezekiel 33:11).
For an answer to 'Why were the earth and animals destroyed too?', see here.
F. G.
Rigby's tactics amount to classic straw-man fallacy. He resorts to the distortion and mockery of the Gospel as a way to avoid having to give it serious thought. This shows intellectual wit and cleverness combined with childish foolishness. It makes him feel like he's made a powerful point, when in fact his words are utterly worthless in terms of any serious discussion.

This, as has been pointed out, is what one would expect from a hardened atheist, not a so-called minister.
Robert R.
There are still plenty of wondrous things in the world... remnants of paradise. Maybe they need the eyes of a child to see these things. Look around. Colours, music, beauty, the [Earth's] Goldilocks position in our solar system. ... The atheists and religious people who get off track simply can't see the many good things around them. ... Instead of being negative they could interact with the world, see goodness, and instead of complaining about God actually do some good themselves.
P. I.
People like Jim Rigby are actually attacking the core of the Gospel itself and unwittingly working with evil spiritual powers to try to destroy real Christian faith. They do not belong to God because they clearly don't believe His Word and in fact have created their own counterfeit Christian religion. The Bible states that God imputed to Christ the sins of all those whom Christ purchased. This Penal Substitution satisfied God’s justice and without it there would be no hope for any of us. The Cross is an act of mercy, not "cosmic child abuse"!
Thanks for another superb article CMI.
King T.
This is so pertinent to the experience I've had with my own church minister. Just a week ago there was an apologetic discussion held at the church and the two Doctors - one in theology and one in medicine - led the discussions. They both emphasized that there wasn't any conflict between science and religion/the bible. Then they both proceeded to explain away Genesis 1! It was clear that they believed in an old earth and found that such a belief does indeed conflict with the bible yet they both persisted in that belief. it got to the point where the Dr in theology refused to field any more questions on the "science" topic and then deflected the discussion into some other aspect of belief. I wrote an email to them afterwards with references to the RATE project in an attempt to alleviate their obvious discomfort. The answer I got back was that all those articles and more had already been read - with the implication that it had also been discarded. There is no logical explanation for this except that people want to believe what they want to believe. The danger for them is indeed to end up like Rigby. One can only hope and pray that they'll change their minds. ... Rigby, it seems, has now become an apostle of apostasy.
S. H.
Sorry. This wasn't written by a hardcore atheist, this was written by a minister of the gospel? [I'm] struggling to believe, but then again considering some of the views of some ministers and denominations, it's hardly a surprise that they don't let the Word of God get in the way of their beliefs. In truth, if this is a serious writing, it comes across as being quite immature and even childish in nature. Aside from the constant logical deficiencies of the words written (I struggle to call them arguments), it's actually playing into the hands of the greatest lie of the devil - that God is somehow the 'baddie' and that satan came to 'liberate' humanity from God. The picture the minister paints is the complete opposite of what the Bible says and of God's character. No, God didn't strike people down for a shoplifting offence (!); it was man's sin that alienated them from God. What did God do? He made a way back - he didn't even strike down the first murderer. God's nature is to redeem, to turn things round and to make things right. And yes, if we don't believe in the resurrection, we have no hope. Everything rests on the work of Jesus. To reject that is to reject God and it's worse than not knowing God at all. Only the Holy Spirit can convict and transform this minister and the many others like him and my genuine prayer is that God does this. Anything other than the God of the Bible is a false god.
Hans G.
I try to live a Christian life and sometimes it hurts to see injustice and suffering, even with the animals. Yes, then thoughts like those from Jim come up but before they spread I remember that God is the owner, the landlord, the king, the ultimate ruler and I can't sue Him. So I start talking to Him in a way of absolute respect and He answers.
We got ourselves for this life time, He got us for eternity.
Patrick P.
I wonder if the god who Presbyterian Minister Jim Rigby appears to follow, (and we know who that probably is) is the one who called him into “ministry”. If Rigby looked seriously into Scripture he might find that Jesus warned us about “wolves dressed in sheep’s clothing” (Mat 7:15) Part of the Good News is that the “elect” will not be deceived. (Mark 13:22)
Richard L.
Amen and Amen! Thank you for this very thorough article.

Several more thoughts, centred on the true character of God:

1. God's integrity of character. What would have happened if God had not cursed the world, in response to Adam's sin? Sin really hurts; it is a violation. Since Adam and Eve had co-regency of the earth, there HAD to be a 'spillover' of negative consequence from their sin onto the earth--or God would be unjust. (I.e., the Curse is NOT the result of a disgruntled god impulsively lashing out. It is a sober, NECESSARY response of a truly just God who would rather bless and who takes no delight in the destruction of the wicked, Ezekiel 18:32.)

2. The Law of unintended consequences--a needed reminder for people overconfident in their own imperfect wisdom and first impressions. What would have happened if humans would not be limited by the curse of death after a finite lifespan? They would then have an indefinite time to plumb the depths of evil. The curse on the world prevents the appearance of a much worse situation.

3. God personally suffers from the Curse he imposed on the world. On the cross, Jesus also carried all our "griefs and sorrows" (Isaiah 53:4)--they coming into existence because of the curse and because God allowed Adam and Woman to live beyond sundown--and the Father and the Spirit suffered vicariously with him. What love!

4. As a loving parent, God limits our experience of the consequences of sin. Though Christians don't all agree about when "the Restrainer" is taken away (2 Thessalonians 2:7), the mere existence of that restraint compels the understanding that God is currently (unlike in hell) shielding us from the full impact of our sin. Consequently, God could have made the Curse much worse--but didn't, out of love. This is who God really is.
Errol B.
250 years prior to the French revolution, France rejected the reformation in no uncertain terms. As a result, the French people were presented with a cruel, vindictive & unloving God which led to the French revolution & France was largely led into apostasy & atheism. I think it’s ironic that Jim Rigby could learn about God’s love from many modern day Catholics. Perhaps he should look at the history of the Presbyterian Church & what its founders believed.
I have on 5 occasions, after debating creation v evolution; asked non-believers if they agree with the peer-review methodology articulated by Dr Scott Todd & Prof Richard Lewontin (presented many times on creation.com). One man was asked repeatedly but still refused to answer. The conversation often turns nasty at this point & they resort to personal attacks. Could it be they've never critically examined their own bias or linked atheistic philosophy to their own paradigm? I'm sure the revelation that 'evolution' is a religious belief horrifies them.
Dean R.
Do not eat the fruit or you will surely die was truthful instruction by God.

The infuriated & cunning twisting of Scripture is how the devil plays it & many who follow in Lucifer's steps. Satan too ministered to Eve taking the form of the serpent.

So who is really to blame? ...humanity. And we [try to] have every excuse under the sun as we seek to hide from that reality.

The arrogance of humanity to believe that we can put God in the dock, as if we are masters of the universe, lies deep in the heart & shows itself in the writings of many antagonists.

God is long suffering & patient. A good shepherd that cares for His sheep, going to great lengths to protect the flock & guarding them with the truth.

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