Ancient Egypt confirms: Genesis is history
Manetho was an Egyptian historian/priest of c. 270 BC.1 His chronology of the kings of Egypt, which differs from the Bible by several centuries, has led some evangelical archaeologists astray. This is not a minor issue, and has been used to discredit the Bible. But even several secular historians are starting to realize Manetho’s chronology is in need of drastic downwards revision for reasons he would not have known; some of the kings he thought reigned successively turn out to have ruled simultaneously.2
Importantly, though, some of what Manetho wrote directly corroborates Genesis. In his history of Egypt, he “wrote that ‘after the Flood’ Ham the son of Noah begat ‘Aegyptus or Mestraim’, who was the first to establish himself in the area now known as Egypt at the time when the tribes began to disperse.”3
The Bible says that Ham begat Mizraim. Egypt today (one of the first civilizations to spring up after the Flood) is known as Mizraim or mitsrayim (מצרים) Hebrew.4 Manetho wrote that the dispersion of the tribes was five years after Noah’s descendant Peleg was born.5 This agrees with Genesis 10:25 which says of Peleg that “in his days the earth6 was divided.”
Further, Egyptologist Patrick Clarke says that from the earliest times the ancient Egyptians “called themselves and their land km.t (both pronounced as a throaty Kham (i.e. Cham or Ham).”7,8 Clearly, not just Manetho, but the ancient Egyptians in general knew full well what so many modern theologians and seminarians like to deny—that Genesis is history.
References and notes
- ‘Manetho’s History of Egypt’ in Manetho, with an English Translation by W.G. Waddell, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1964, p. xi, cited in ref. 3. Return to text.
- In recent times, CMI’s Journal of Creation has featured a still-to-be-finished series of articles developing a new revised chronology of Egypt. Return to text.
- Ashton, J, Evolution Impossible, Master Books, Green Forest AZ, 2012, p. 115, citing ref. 1, p. 7. Return to text.
- John Gill’s famous 18th century commentary states, “The word is of the dual number, and serves to express Egypt by, which was divided into two parts, lower and upper Egypt.” Egypt is also known as Miṣr (مصر) Arabic, Egypt’s current language, although that is likely a later development. Return to text.
- ‘Book of Sothis App. IV’, in ref. 1, p. 239, also Ussher, J, The Annals of the World, 1658, sections 1657–1762 am, available creation.com/store. Return to text.
- Hebrew eretz (ארץ) can mean the physical earth, or its nation(s). Cf. English ‘land’ = physical ground or nation, thus eretz Israel = the nation (land) of Israel. The clear context here from Genesis 11 a few verses on is that the “earth” that was divided is “the earth [that] had one language and one speech”. Thus it must mean the division of nations following Babel. See creation.com/peleg2 for further documentation. Return to text.
- Clarke, P., personal communication, 4 November 2012. Return to text.
- The t at the end of km.t marked feminine gender and was not pronounced. Return to text.