Darwin, Spurgeon and the ‘black dog’
For years, we have been pointing out the obvious foundational issues linked to the relentlessly rising rates of youth suicide in the ‘evolutionized’ West. If Darwin was right, there is no ultimate meaning or purpose to life except what we choose. You are born, you suffer, you die—that’s it. Perhaps, if you’re lucky, you may get recycled as organic manure—but beyond that, you’re just a number that happened to come up in the great casino of the universe.
(Even where Darwin is denied, but ‘millions of years’ ideas are proclaimed, hopelessness finds foothold. Any ‘god’ who condoned millions of years of death, cruelty, disease and bloodshed, certainly cannot be the personal, biblical God of love. And if the Bible got it so obviously wrong about the timing of creation as to mislead hundreds of millions of Christians until the present day, how can we really trust it about our eternal future? (Cf. John 3:12).)
So if the going gets tough, and there is no eternal hope or purpose, why not take the obvious escape route, suicide? That is the thinking of many today. Powerfully aiding this trend is the associated loss of belief in judgment after death (Hebrews 9:27). Also, the huge increase in depression in our highly stressed, ‘dog-eat-dog’ Darwinian, post-Christian culture means there are many more people to whom life seems unbearable than in days past.
We are used to hearing from people who have suffered, and been tempted in this way to ‘end it all’, about the way in which their former belief in evolution was a major factor in making suicide so attractive.
Recently, however, Australia’s public broadcaster aired a testimony which not only starkly highlighted this issue, it added another bizarre dimension—the postulate, by a sufferer, that depression leading to suicide might be an evolutionary ‘good’. The Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) program on Radio National, called Life Matters, was aired on May 4, 2000. It was taped two days earlier at a public forum in Canberra, the national capital.
The topic was: ‘Black Dog Days—The Experience and Treatment of Depression’. ‘The Black Dog’ is Winston Churchill’s famous name for depressed mood. The forum included leaders in psychiatry and psychology, as well as a long-term sufferer from depression who is a mental health activist.
Among the many audience members who spoke as sufferers from depression was a man called Gerard, whose testimony speaks for itself:
‘Hi, my name is Gerard. I’m just a bit concerned by the tendency of the medical profession and society in general to want to put a label on us as depressive people and therefore that there’s something wrong with us. I think that some people may have an inability to cope, and maybe this might sound a bit extreme, but that might be Darwinian theory, the Darwin theory of survival of the fittest. Maybe some of us aren’t meant to survive, maybe some of us are meant to kill ourselves because the only people that really suffer are the ones left behind, but the person who kills themself may in fact be liberated from this body.’
Compère: ‘Is that what you think for yourself?’
Gerard: ‘I think the only thing that has stopped me on some occasions killing myself is guilt. Guilt for those that are left behind. But ultimately it might be the best thing that could happen to me, because I don’t know what happens after death. It’s only guilt that stops a lot of people, I think, guilt that they may be punished in an after-life, or guilt that they’re hurting their friends and family by doing it.’
(Gerard then explains his concern about labelling sufferers of depressed mood as having some disorder—they may, he says, merely be ‘sensitive’ or have ‘extremes of emotion’. He then goes on.)
Gerard: ‘I mean we’re getting told by a lot of people that have never had this intensity of feeling that it’s wrong.’
(The compère then suggests that perhaps being labelled with a potentially treatable condition might pull such sufferers back from the brink of suicide, and wouldn’t that be a good thing?)
Gerard: ‘There’s too many people in the world as it is. Maybe it is survival of the fittest, maybe some of us are meant to just give up, and maybe that would help the species.’
Guest psychiatrist: ‘I guess I’ve got two responses to that.’
Gerard: ‘I’m already on medication.’
Guest psychiatrist: ‘You’re already on medication. Is it helping?’
Gerard: ‘You should talk to me on a bad day.’
Depression can of course have many causes,1 and even very great Christians, like Charles Spurgeon, have suffered with severe ‘black dog’ times. But even in the blackest of times, Spurgeon, convinced of the truth of Scripture and the hope of life eternal through his faith in Jesus Christ, could say, with the Apostle Paul, ‘I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day’ (2 Timothy 1:12). He could know, along with the hymn-writer, that whatever troubles might befall him, his eternal future was secure: ‘It is well, it is well with my soul.’
Actually, Spurgeon’s famous quote about Darwinism also featured a canine. Of the theory that everything evolved from one ancestor, he said:
There is not a hair of truth upon this dog from its head to its tail, but it rends and tears the simple ones. In all its bearing upon scriptural truth, the evolution theory is in direct opposition to it. If God’s Word be true, evolution is a lie.2
What a joy it is that as more and more Christians get behind sound creation ministries, these are enabled to reach out to more and more people with the message that brings rejoicing—the Bible is true, and can be trusted—from the very first verse. Life therefore has meaning, a purpose beyond the grave, and an eternal, glorious hope for those who put their trust in Christ.
References and notes
- It is just as risky to claim that ‘all depression has a spiritual cause’ as it is to ignore the spiritual dimension. Some types of depression may indeed have more to do with physiological than psychological/spiritual issues. Spurgeon and Luther are just two of the spiritual giants to have suffered severe depressive episodes. Since the Fall, mutational defects have accumulated in the human race, and there is no reason to suppose that the brain would be the only organ unaffected. This may explain why predisposition to certain types of depression follows inherited patterns. Thus, for some situations, medication may in fact be the most appropriate treatment. Return to text.
- In the sermon Hideous Discovery, July 25, 1886. Return to text.
Dear Carl I would like to think you wrote this article about depression "Darwin Spurgeon and the black Dog" AFTER your so called retiring from Creation Ministries full time. I say this because you write articles in such a splendid way I would like you to keep doing, so time permitting. Besides, I didn't give you permission to stop did I ! Bless you Carl, and thank you. Dr. Col Lismore NSW
When I was some age below 9 I saw that Life Magazine produced book about the earth, evolution and all that. It shows an artist depiction of the earth starting out, becoming the blue marble and the sun eventually goes nova and the earth ends up rolling through space a burned out blacked ball forever. This was very depressing.
I was reading by age 2, and had gotten into the Bible a little. I did not become a creationist until much later, evolutionism slowed my accepting Jesus in real commitment to Him. Even so it took decades to become anything like a young earth creationist. finding that evolution was questioned by some scientists and that the Ark had a 350 boxcar capacity made the difference.
Anyway I was very sad looking at that picture. And I thought, what does anything matter, who will remember? and the thought came to me, God will remember. So that made everything okay.
Congratulation! Very good article !
Dear One who may suffer from depression,
Let my experience be an encouragement: I was directing a one-year ministry school. We had over 600 evening students and 90+ day students. That year we fielded 23 full-time missionaries. I received the highest commendation the pastor had ever given. My wife and I went off on our 25th Wedding Anniversary Caribbean cruise. When we returned, the assistant pastor called me to his office. I stood in his doorway, to hear him say, "Pastor left a message for me to give to you: 'You're not needed here, anymore!'"
I did not take that too well! I went into an eight month "funk"—depression! I worked for my son as a bill collector from Christian book stores. Each day I would come home, park the car in the garage and cry. Suicide? Never a thought, though I was "sure" ministry was over for me! But with the help of three friends, I became convinced there was life beyond that experience. They believed (and wanted me to believe) we would still be involved in missions, it would be our own ministry, and its effect would encircle the globe!
Thirty-two years later, I can say that God has taken us on a wild and wonderful 60+ nation "ride" on the Emmaus Road! One of my books is translated into 20 languages. Seminars, webinars, training courses, leading short-term trips, DVDs of six seminars, mission conferences...To God be all glory! Without a strong sense of a God of all creation, and a personal relationship with Him through Jesus Christ, drawn to Him by the Holy Spirit, I don't even want to think about what I might have done!
My wife, A Bible believing Christian woman, committed suicide in 1993. She suffered from "depression" and was on Prozac. Knowing what I know now, I could have helped her by coming beside her under God's mercy for both of us - at that time I was not mature enough as a Christ Follower to help her. Many "sufferers" of this phenomenon can be helped by their local churches. "Psycho Heresy" by Martin and Deidre Bobgan is an excellent starting point - it certainly opened my eyes.
In regard to the comment made at note 1, it may be helpful to view the cause or causes of all things that afflict man as being on a spectrum ranging from the purely spiritual to the purely physical. Modern man, being exremely good as understanding the physical side of life, will readily recognise a physical cause. However as we are increasingly poor at understanding the spiritual side of life we remain perplexed at our inability to stem the risng tide of problems that are mainly spiritual in cause.
But we must go one step further and try to understand the spiritual laws that govern our existence, and are just as, if not even more, sure as the laws that govern the physical realm. One of these laws is that all illness has both a physical and spiritual effect. Some more spiritual and others more physical. Stubbing your toe has a purely physical cause but the effect is both physical (pain) and spiritual (annoyance, irritability). Your spouse dying is a purely spiritual cause but the effect is both spiritual (intense sadness sometimes leading to depression), and physical (shaking, fainting etc).
By understanding the effects one has upon the other perhaps we may be able to help each other.