This article is from
Creation 35(3):50–52, July 2013

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Fascinating flower pots

Noah’s Flood explains Hopewell Rocks, Canada



The Bay of Fundy in eastern Canada is famous for its enormous tides. At Hopewell Rocks, toward the end of the bay, the tide may rise as high as 14 metres (46 feet), but it does not stay high very long. The water is always moving, either up or down, and the level can change by a metre (3 feet) in 30 minutes.1

The tides are eroding the cliffs and leaving stacks that are narrow at their base and look like ‘flower pots’ standing on the shore. These have fascinating names like Baby Elephant, Mother-in-law, and Lover’s Arch. Visitors to Hopewell Rocks, sometimes thousands a day, descend the Main Staircase at low tide and stroll across the ocean floor—until the water begins to rise again.

When I visited Hopewell Rocks some years ago, the large, modern, interpretive centre was equipped with colourful display boards and models. On-site interpreters gave talks about the local wildlife, sea life, and plant life, and told the geological story about how the rocks formed.2 Their story was one spanning eras of unimaginable time hundreds of millions of years ago.

When I descended the steps, I saw that the flower pots were made of gravel that had been cemented into stone. Some of the chunks of rock were angular but most were rounded. This conglomerate rock, as it is called, spoke of large quantities of fast flowing water. Rushing floodwaters would not have taken very much time to deposit that gravel. As I walked across the exposed ocean floor and examined the flower-pot stacks and cliffs, I realised I was looking at evidence from the global Flood of Noah’s time.

Large tidal movement erodes cliffs leaving stacks like flower pots with narrow bases.
The tide can rise 14 m and, when it is full, most of the flower pot is under water.
The cliffs are composed of conglomerate made of large pieces of rock, needing lots of fast-moving water to wash them into place.
Low tide among the flower pots. The strata were tilted by earth movements.

Time was the key. Although the interpretive boards spoke of millions of years, I reminded myself that that time was not in the rocks I saw.3 And, after suitably adjusting the times that were quoted,4 the sequence of geological events shown on the interpretive board fitted well with what was expected from Noah’s Flood. The Flood explained it well, giving new insights into features like the origin of the buried vegetation that turned to coal.5 When we apply the new interpretation to the interpretive boards it changes the way we see the world.


References and notes

  1. Berry, D., A Companion Book of the Hopewell Rocks, 2006. Return to text.
  2. Tourism NB, Hopewell, Interpretive Centre, thehopewellrocks.ca/about-the-park/interpretative-centre. Return to text.
  3. Walker, T., The way it really is: little-known facts about radiometric dating, Creation 24(4):20–23, 2002; creation.com/dating_reality. Return to text.
  4. Oard, M., The geological column is a general Flood order with many exceptions, Journal of Creation 24(2):78–82, 2010; creation.com/flood-order. Return to text.
  5. Walker, T., Coal: memorial to the Flood, Creation 23(2):22–27, 2001; creation.com/coal. Return to text.

Helpful Resources

Rapid Rocks
US $10.00
Exploring Geology with Mr Hibb
by Michael Oard, Tara Wolfe, Chris Turbuck
US $16.00
Hard Cover

Readers’ comments

David P.
In the last few years I have attended two talks by your speakers and read some of your articles - and of course used your search facility here. If I may summarise all your beliefs in a young earth that come down to Noah's Flood from which I have been told that:
[Tas Walker responds in square brackets at the end of each point.]
1 The entire earth was covered by water - even Mt Everest, six miles high. How did land birds survive? And the 114,000 types of beetle to pick out just one species? [Birds were on the Ark. Beetles could survive outside, including on vegetation mats. Mount Everest and the Himalayan Plateau were uplifted late geologically towards the end of the Flood. Search for "Where did all the water come from?"]
2 Dinosaurs were in the ark along with penguins from the South Pole and polar bears from the north: plus of course lions, elephants, tigers and no doubt gorillas and monkeys. There are thought to be around six million species. He must have been busy. [There are many articles about this on creation.com which you can find by using the search facility with "how did Noah fit the animals on the ark".]
3 Fossils were caused by the flood collapsing mountains on dinosaurs. [No, that is not what we say. Fossils were formed by being buried by sediment carried by water.]
4 Continental drift did occur but it only took weeks not millions of years. [Yes, there are good reasons why it happened quickly. Lots of articles on this for you to find.]
5 Carbon dating and DNA does not prove the earth's vast age or connection between every living thing. Evolution is a myth. [True. No geologist accepts a 'radioactive' date without checking it matches what is expected. DNA is a digital code and it points to God's amazing creative design. Use the search facility for find out some amazing things on these items. And evolution, in the sense of microbes to man, is indeed a myth.]
6 The age of the earth is proved by adding together the ages of Methuseleh, Moses, Abraham etc etc It must be true because it's in the Bible. [Yes. Actually, Adam to Noah are the main genealogical sequence but after the Flood the sequence goes to Abraham. That is based on historical records, which is the same way you know your age.]
7 The almost weekly discovery of ancient bones and eg last week's find in Siberia of a 35,000 year old gorilla complete with preserved hair and internal organs are all fakes? [No, we do not say they are fakes. We agree with the actual evidence found, such as fossils that are measured and described. We do not agree with the imaginative stories told about the evidence, such as the fanciful 35,000-year date.]
Do you not ever think that if the earth was only 10,000 years old you are dismissing virtually the whole of science: geology, paleontology, biology, genetics etc etc? [No, that is not true. We are not dismissing the evidence. We are dismissing the imaginative stories told about the evidence, including the fanciful dates they pronounce.]
On the other hand you are providing endless fascination and hilarity to the rest of us, so please carry on. [I'm glad you enjoy the material. However, I am surprised by the seriously wrong conclusions you have come to from your reading. So, I want to encourage you to keep reading, learning, and enjoying the material.]
Georges H.
A few weeks ago, I made several hiking trips in the Swiss Alps just behind "Les Diablerets" and near the "Dents du Midi". I was looking for curved sedimentary layer in the Alps. I discovered many of such curved layer up to nearly 180° and sometimes over 100 meters thick!
But I saw also such kind of "concrete" rocks, but the chunks were aligned in one direction, like there was a fast mudflow. It looks really like concrete that was layered down very quickly in a short time.
Thomas R.
It just occurred to me that if those rocks were millions of years old, they should be, at the very least, extremely pitted on the surface, like very old concrete.

Does this make sense?
Or should they be completely eroded away after so many millions of years?

Is anybody simulating erosión over (deep) time on rock bodies like this, assuming the normal spectrum of intensity and frequency of modern weather patterns?
Rick J.
I visited Arches National Park in Utah a few weeks ago. The many arches there closely resemble the Hopewell Rocks, with their striking red color and uplifted strata. This is especially true of Delicate Arch there. Many outlying "flower pot" structures stand out in the Park as well. CMI has written that the arches there are collapsing at the rate of one per year. Flood runoff well explains their formation.
Mark P.
Pictures of diminishing formations with thin necks eroded from conglomerate rock illustrate how “the present is the key to the past” is an interpretive lens through which people who see clearly what might have been happening a few hundred million years ago also miss evidence before their eyes for what has been been happening during a few thousand years.
David C.
Genesis 8-14 simply reads:14 By the twenty-seventh day of the second month the earth was completely dry. This does not refer to glacial movement
Tas Walker
Yes, Genesis 8:14 describes the water coming off the land. However, there is much geological evidence that much ice cover built up on the continents after this, and there are good creation models to explain this.
George J.
I live about a two hour drive from the "The Rocks". When we were young they fascinated us. I was not until attending university in Sackville that I realized that SSE of "The Rocks" is Rockport (which has cast and petrified fossils as well as coal deposits) and further, in the same direction, are the fossil cliffs of Joggins (with giant trees and coal mines and a variety of other fossils.) The upper end of the Bay of Fundy certainty contains a lot of geological evidence which testifies to the truth of the Flood.

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