The importance of the Resurrection of Christ to our salvation
Published: 31 March 2013 (GMT+10)
The central teaching of Christianity is that our sins are forgiven by the death of Christ—indeed, we can only be saved by trusting in His sacrifice. This is taught all over the New Testament. For example, “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law by becoming a curse for us
Scripture should be interpreted by Scripture
A first principle in understanding the Bible is that Scripture should be interpreted by Scripture. This means that any verse on the death of Christ should be interpreted in the light of all the other verses on the subject, including those that connect His death and Resurrection.
Paul gives us a definition of the Gospel in 1 Corinthians 15:3–4, with two main points:
- Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures and was buried (thereby confirming that He was undeniably dead).
- He was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures.
Our salvation therefore depends on both of these facts, which we can call the anthropocentric or ‘man-ward’ aspect and the theocentric or ‘God-ward’ aspect of the Gospel. All the verses about salvation in the New Testament fit one or other of these aspects, or both. Those verses that cover only one aspect are complementary rather than contradictory to the others.
The Gospel as it relates to man’s sin
Let us first consider the ‘man-ward’ aspect of the Gospel, i.e. how God deals with our sin. Sin is rebellion against the declared or revealed commands or purposes of God.2 This rebellion is an insult to God’s holiness, and God declares all such behaviour and attitude to be worthy of death, as illustrated by God’s warning to Adam that if Adam disobeyed the command God had given him, Adam would incur the penalty of death (Genesis 2:17). Cf. “For the wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23) and “The soul who sins shall die” (Ezekiel 18:4).
From this aspect, Christ’s death was essentially a judicial matter—paying the prescribed penalty for all of mankind’s rebellion against God. This was vicarious, i.e. one person on behalf of another, and in this case it was God the Son, on behalf of all believers. Those Bible verses that mention only the death of Christ are dealing with this aspect, e.g. “He is the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 2:2—propitiation = that which turns aside another person’s anger). Cf. “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us” (Galatians 3:13) and “The Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all” (Isaiah 53:6b).
Other verses deal with the fact that Christ’s death was “according to the Scriptures”, i.e. it was the fulfillment of a prophecy or of a ‘type’ foretold in the Old Testament. E.g. “Christ our Passover lamb has been sacrificed” (1 Corinthians 5:7), “You were redeemed … with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot” (1 Peter 1:18–19), etc. Because the writers of these verses are dealing with Christ’s death as it affects mankind and our sinful state before God, there is no need for them to mention the Resurrection. Thus, in comparing Christ’s death with the sacrificial lambs of the Old Testament, there was no resurrection of the lambs, so in 1 Peter 1:18–19 Peter emphasizes the death of Christ rather than His Resurrection (although he then goes on to discuss this).
The Gospel as it relates to man’s ongoing relationship to God
This is what we have called the ‘God-ward’ aspect of the Gospel. In His death, Christ exhausted the penalty due to all mankind for our sin, and so His death created a new value, namely a free pardon, which He did not need for Himself, but which he obtained for others. In His life, Jesus was victor over sin, and because he had gained this victory, it was not possible that sin (or death, the penalty for sin) should win in the end, by His staying dead. Hence Peter says in Acts 2:24, “God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.”
These two things, the free pardon and victory over sin, which Christ gained for us, are both communicated and imparted to us by His being alive. There is no communication with a dead person, much less can a dead person impart anything to us.
Without Christ, we would still be in sin mode. That is, we would have no power to overcome sin in our lives or to live God-pleasing lives, because this power comes only from Christ living within us who believe. Thus, Christ lives in us (Galatians 2:20), dwells in our hearts through faith (Ephesians 3:17), and enables us to do all things (Philippians 4:13). All this would be impossible, if Jesus had not risen from the dead.
It was also necessary for Christ to rise from the dead before he could baptize believers in the Holy Spirit (John 15:26; 16:7b; Acts 1:5), and bestow spiritual gifts to men (Ephesians 4:7–8). Another way of saying all this is that the Resurrection of Christ is essential for the application of the salvation from sin provided by the death of Christ to each Christian’s ongoing Christian life.
How can I know for sure that I’m really forgiven?
There is another important meaning to Christ’s Resurrection, which can be expressed like this. I am a sinner under penalty of death, and Christ died on the cross for me. So what! Does this fact satisfy Almighty God? Am I really forgiven? If so, how can I be sure?
The Bible says that yes, we can know that God accepts Christ’s death in our place and that we are forgiven—because of Christ’s Resurrection. The supreme value of the Resurrection of Christ is that it shows God’s perfect satisfaction with the work of Christ in atonement for our sins. “For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God” (1 Peter 3:18a).
Conversely, by the Resurrection of Christ, God rejects all other proposals regarding mankind’s salvation, including good works, New Age philosophies, beliefs about reincarnation, the upwards-and-onwards fantasies of evolution, religious rules and regulations, and all other human initiatives. None of these cuts any ice with the holy God who, in the person of Jesus Christ, has Himself already paid the ultimate penalty for mankind’s sin. “There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:12).
Other aspects of the Resurrection
The Bible presents the Resurrection of Christ as the fundamental doctrine of Christianity, both in the preaching of the apostles, given in the book of Acts, and in the writings of the Apostle Paul and others. For example, in 1 Corinthians 15:12–19, Paul says that, if the resurrection of Christ did not occur, preaching is in vain, faith is in vain, the apostles were false witnesses, the Corinthians were still in their sins, believers who have died have perished, and Christians are of all people most to be pitied.
The resurrection of Christ is also presented in the New Testament as a supreme example of God’s power. Paul says that Jesus Christ “was declared to be the Son of God in power by His resurrection from the dead” (Romans 1:4). In Ephesians 1:19–20 he says that the resurrection of Christ was a demonstration of “the immeasurable greatness of God’s power”. Paul prayed that believers might know “the immeasurable greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the working of His great might that He worked in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places.”
Paul also describes the Resurrection of Christ as a guarantee of our own resurrection. “For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:22–23; cf. Romans 6:5). In the Old Testament, the firstfruits were the first crops of an ongoing harvest and were dedicated to God (Leviticus 23:9–10). So, Christ, the firstfruits, is God’s pledge of the resurrection of the godly who die “in Christ” (1 Thessalonians 4:16).
The Day of Judgment
If the Resurrection of Christ is so important, why do liberal theologians and others attack it so vigorously?
Answer: There is one other aspect to the Resurrection of Jesus which, possibly more than any of those already mentioned, is the reason for the continuing attack on this doctrine by those who choose not to believe it. By the Resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, God has given assurance to all men that there will be a future Day of Judgment, and the Judge will be the Lord Jesus Christ. “He [God] commands all people everywhere to repent, because He has fixed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom He has appointed; and of this He has given assurance to all by raising Him from the dead.” (Acts 17:30–31).
The Creator God who imposed the sentence of death on the world after Adam sinned, also died on the cross to pay that penalty. He rose again to be the Saviour of all who put their faith in Him, and He will one day be the Judge of all mankind. The Gospel thus cannot be preached in isolation from the whole Bible, beginning with Genesis 1, cf. 1 Corinthians 15:21–22 “For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.”
Can I really believe all this? Yes, the Resurrection of Jesus declares that it is so.
- This article is based on the premises that the Bible is true and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ did occur. For the evidence for the Resurrection see creation.com/the-resurrection-and-genesis. Return to text.
- See Dawkin’s dilemma: how God forgives sins, creation.com/dawkins-dilemma. Return to text.
The reason why the resurrection is so important, is that it was the time when God made Jesus into His son. Jesus was exactly like us sharing flesh and blood and flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God. You said it in Romans 1:4 He was declared to be the Son of God BY His resurrection from the dead. Now with His ‘new’ body, He can sit at the Father’s right hand and have bestowed on Him all authority in heaven and on earth.
Jesus was always God's son. See the discussion on the false view of ‘Incarnational Sonship’ (most of which applies to your ‘Resurrectional Sonship’ view) in the reply to Peter M. below the article Trinity: analogies and countering critics. In Romans 1:4, Jesus was declared for the whole world to see what He had always been from eternity past and will be for eternity future.
Good article. You are right when you cite Romans 1:4 "The resurrection of Christ is also presented in the New Testament as a supreme example of God’s power. Paul says that Jesus Christ “was declared to be the Son of God in power by His resurrection from the dead” But there is more to this triumphant verse. The Resurrection is proof that Jesus Christ is indeed the Son of God. It is th supreme vindication of Who He Is!
I don't know about all the so called intelligent people in this world that say GOD cannot exist as a REAL entity, that he is an abstract? Sorry to those, I believe that GOD is a REAL enough entity and he gave of himself by sending his ONLY begotten Son to save our miserable souls and he did by this act of LOVE. Jesus the Christ died that day on the cross for MY sins and for the sins of others, I am forever humbled and appreciative that he gave up his life in pain so I would not be lost to him and GOD. Thank you Lord Jesus.
Wonderful article. Jesus' resurrection means to me that God the Father is righteous in principle. The wage of sin is death. Any trasgression of the Law understood as the rules to live a perfect life in love and harmony among God's creatures, creates a separation from God Whom is LIFE, and without life what is left is only death!
But God is also merciful in principle and He is voted to save the sinner (God hates sin, true, but loves the sinner - thank God!). And we know well as God realised the big dilemma - righteousness versus mercilulness as the above article painted really well.
Jesus resurrection, in primis, is just the result of God's righeousness: He didn't commit any sin, it was simply not right to be held in the grave.
And also Jesus had a work to do for us (John 14:1-3) to prepare a place for us, not mentioning that one to be also our leader and example of a wanderful life of loving service toward others.
Thank you Russel.
You have shown various aspects of the resurrection. While I thank you for that summary, I'm still left with the question "why?" Maybe the article is a bit too wordy for me to decipher :-)
To summarize the article, the Resurrection was necessary:
1. so that Christ would have victory over death (death would have 'won' if Jesus had stayed dead).
2. to confirm that God accepted Jesus' sacrifice for sin.
3. So that He could baptize believers in the Holy Spirit and bestow spiritual gifts.
Since the Lamb's sacrifice began before anything was created (Revelation 13:8), his statement "It is finished" (John 19:30) almost certainly included much more than the end of his mortal life.
Attempting to second-guess God is a clear indication that you do not understand who he is. Before you become too certain that this is so, read Proverbs 8:22-36, considering who is speaking and whom they are referring to.
The best interpretation of Revelation 13:8 is that it is the writing in the book of life that took place before creation; not the Lamb's sacrifice. Indeed, the Lamb's sacrifice was approx. 33 AD in history, so couldn't have been before creation. We don't second-guess God, far from it.
Another aspect of the resurrection is its purpose in completing the good news for “us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead” as Christ “was delivered up because of our offenses and was raised because of our justification,” Romans 4:24–25.
How can I know for sure that I’m really forgiven?
It seems to me that you have not fully answered the question that the above sub-heading poses.
The verses below (among others) show that a response is required and that will give us the needed assurance.
And they said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.”
because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
I feel such reference is needed to make the answer to the question complete.
I have received your excellent emails for some months now and read them pretty well every day. They are a constant source of information and encouragement.
God bless your faithful work.
The original sin was wilful unbelief (rebellion). The first man, Adam, wilfully rejected what he knew to be true and accepted instead what he knew to be false.
Unbelief is the chief sin, and the sin from which all other sins/crimes originate and flow.
In essence, unbelief is the blasphemy of calling God a liar.
That he should even make provision for and offer to forgive such an affront to his honour is a miracle and a blessing out of all proportion to what we actually deserve, and demonstrates the infinite dimensions of God’s love towards man to the full (John 3:16).