A- A A+
Free Email News
Evolution's Achilles' Heels (DVD)
by Various Ph.D. Scientists

US $19.00
View Item
The Ecology Book + Bugs pack
by Tom Hennigan, Jean Lightner, Will Zinke

US $23.00
View Item
Rock Solid Answers
by Mike Oard and John Reed

US $15.00
View Item
Days 1–7 (Updated)
by Russell Grigg

US $3.00
View Item

Pterosaurs and bats have always been pterosaurs and bats!

Quotable quote

“For use in understanding the evolution of vertebrate flight, the early record of pterosaurs and bats is disappointing: Their most primitive representatives are fully transformed as capable fliers.”1

The photographs below show that bats have always been bats.

Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon, one of the “oldest” (by evolutionary reckoning) fossil bats Artist’s impression of a living horseshoe bat
Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon—one of the “oldest” (by evolutionary reckoning) fossil bats. It was found in the Messel oil shale pit near Darmstadt, Germany, and is “dated” between 48 and 54 million years old. It clearly had fully developed wings, and its inner ear had the same construction as those of modern bats, showing that it had full sonar equipment (photo courtesy Dr. Joachim Scheven).
Artist’s impression of a living horseshoe bat (courtesy Steve Cardno).


  1. Sereno, Paul C., The evolution of dinosaurs, Science 284(5423):2137–2147 (quote on p. 2143), June 25, 1999. Sereno goes on to claim that birds evolved from dinosaurs—see Archaeoraptor: Phony “feathered” fossil for evidence against this theory. Return to text.

Where are you while reading this article? In the privacy of your own home? The internet, and this site in particular, can be a powerful tool for reaching those who would never go to church. Keep the penetration going by supporting this outreach. Support this site

Copied to clipboard
Product added to cart.
Click store to checkout.
In your shopping cart

Remove All Products in Cart
Go to store and Checkout
Go to store
Total price does not include shipping costs. Prices subject to change in accordance with your country’s store.