Share
A- A A+

Article from:

Journal of Creation (formerly TJ)  Volume 11Issue 3 Cover

Journal of Creation (formerly TJ) 11(3):254–255
December 1997

Free Email News
Creation magazine print - 1 yr new subn


US $25.00
View Item
The Creation Answers Book
by Various

US $14.00
View Item
frame top left frame top frame top right
frame left
TJ Volume 11 Issue 3 CoverFirst published:
TJ 11(3):254–255
December 1997
frame right
frame bottom leftframe bottomframe bottom right

Galaxy-quasar ‘connection’ defies explanation

by

Astronomers have known for decades about the strange ‘connection’ between the galaxy NGC4319 and the quasar Markarian 205 (see Figure 1, below).1 Without any explanation so far, astronomers are still baffled, and with good reason.

Figure 1 is a reproduction of an isophote image of the galaxy and quasar made by superposing a number of photographic plates taken by Halton Arp using the 200-inch Palomar telescope.2 The image clearly shows that a luminous ‘bridge’ connects the two objects which is distinct and well away from any ‘pixel [picture element] bleeding’.3

Figure 1
Figure 1:
This isophote image of the galaxy NGC 4319 (above) and the quasar Markarian 205 (below), made by superimposing a number of photographic plates taken by Halton Arp using the 200-inch Palomar telescope, clearly shows the luminous bridge connecting the two objects (north is up, east is left). This photo appears in Arp, Ref. 2 and Arp et al., Ref. 3.

So what is baffling about such a clear linkage between this galaxy and its apparently close neighbouring quasar? The ‘basic’ problem is that the galaxy and the quasar have discordant red-shifts, which according to the standard (Doppler) red-shift interpretation means that the galaxy is receding at a velocity of 1800km/sec, whereas the quasar is travelling at 21,000km/sec. Thus, according to the Hubble law, the galaxy is 107 million light years away and the quasar is 12 times further away at 1.2 billion light years! Obviously, this simply cannot be, because the galaxy and the quasar are clearly connected together by a ‘bridge’, probably of luminous gas filaments. They give every appearance of existing together.

Some critics have claimed that the bridge is only an illusion, but Arp and his colleagues have staunchly defended the reality of this connection for many years, and Arp’s photography (Figure 1) has documented it. Ignoring this cosmological ‘anomaly’ won’t make it go away! Perhaps red-shifts may not be connected with recession velocities and so may not be a reliable index to distances in an expanding universe after all. These are very fundamental questions to our understanding of the universe. In the words of astronomer William Kaufmann:

‘If Arp is correct [about red-shifts not being distance indicators], if his observations are confirmed, he will have single-handedly shaken all modern astronomy to its very foundations. If he is right, one of the pillars of modern astronomy and cosmology will come crashing down in a turmoil unparalleled since Copernicus dared to suggest that the sun, not the earth, was at the center of the solar system.’4

James Waterhouse is thanked for bringing this unresolved ‘anomaly’ to our attention, and for providing the reproduction for Figure 1.

References

  1. DeYoung, D.B., The redshift controversy, 1983. In: Design and Origins in Astronomy, G. Mulfinger (ed.), Monograph Series No.2, Creation Research Society Books, pp.54–57. Return to text.
  2. Arp, H., Quasars, Redshifts, and Controversies, Interstellar Media, p.34, 1987. Return to text.
  3. Arp, H., Burbidge, G. and Hewitt, A., More on the galaxy-quasar connection, Sky and Telescope 75(8):9, 1995. Return to text.
  4. Kaufmann III, W., The most feared astronomer on earth, Science Digest 89(6):76, 1981. Return to text.

Did you notice that there weren’t any ads or annoying page-covering pop ups on our site? Consider undergirding our efforts with a small donation today! Support this site

Copied to clipboard
1548
Product added to cart.
Click store to checkout.
In your shopping cart

Remove All Products in Cart
Go to store and Checkout
Go to store
Total price does not include shipping costs. Prices subject to change in accordance with your country’s store.