Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking is a TV mini-series currently being shown in Australia on SBS-TV. In the episode The Story of Everything (Part 1) Prof. Hawking expounds his version of the big bang theory. As this is virtually the same as another program of his titled How the Universe Works, we present our answer to the latter program, which we first aired on 8 June 2011.
Discovery Channel program: How the Universe Works
Seems like ‘science’ but really promoting a worldview
Illustrated by Caleb Salisbury
Published: 9 June 2011(GMT+10)
Re-published: 8 Dec 2012 (GMT+10)
Showing in Australia this year has been the Discovery Channel TV program How the Universe Works. The episode titled Big Bang has commentaries by theoretical physicists Profs Lawrence Krauss and Michio Kaku among others, and spectacular graphic-art simulations of how the universe supposedly originated. However, there are many scientific problems with the big bang, and it is totally contrary to what God has revealed in the Bible about how and when He created the universe.
Creation and evolution—two contradictory worldviews
Genesis is neither myth nor theological poetry, but an account of events that took place in history. It provides the foundation of a complete worldview. The first chapter describes the origin of the universe, the earth, the sun, moon, and stars, plant and animal life, and the origin of human beings. It tells us that God created all these things by His will, through His Word—His power as the Almighty Creator God.1 I.e. God spoke (or willed) the creation to happen and it did.2 And within this worldview is the Fall of man into sin, bringing God’s judgment, as well as God’s provision for man’s salvation (Genesis 3).
For atheists to eliminate God, they must produce an alternative naturalistic explanation for everything which the Bible attributes to the existence, the Word and the power of God. And, of course, an additional incentive is that the God of the Bible imposes restrictions on human behaviour, and forewarns of future Judgment.
Chance is not a force; it cannot violate the laws of physics.
The currently most popular atheistic explanation of the origin of the cosmos is the hot inflationary model of the big bang.3 It too forms the basis for a worldview, a philosophical evolutionary worldview, in which the origin of everything is attributed to chance, energy, and the forces of nature. God (as the Originator not only of scientific law but also of moral law) is deemed not to exist, and so this worldview totally opposes the worldview of the Bible.4
In fact, many scientists oppose the big bang.5,6 Viewers of How the Universe Works, when evaluating the ‘science’ therein, should realize that its purpose is to sell a worldview, and the artists’ conceptions are to entertain—the animations of cruising through space among galaxies have little to do with what astronomers actually see.
The big bang v. science
Nothing becomes something becomes everything
The Discovery Big Bang episode begins by telling us: “Everything in the universe is made from matter created in the first moments of the big bang.” The program then asks: “How did nothing become something?”
Prof. Lawrence Krauss answers: “The laws of physics allow it to happen.” Then: “At the instant of creation all the laws of physics began to take shape.” But how can the laws of physics do this when the laws are still taking shape? Furthermore, one of the most fundamental laws of physics is the 1st Law of Thermodynamics, which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.
There is only one way of getting something from nothing (ex nihilo), and that is by an act of Creation by a Creator—in fact, by the Almighty Creator God of the Bible. One occasionally hears the comment today that there is such a thing as matter being created out of a quantum fluctuation producing equal amounts of particles and antiparticles, so that ‘zero becomes +1 and –1’. And this is often used to ‘explain’ how the universe popped into existence. But this ‘mechanism’ requires the pre-existence of the laws of quantum physics—hardly ‘nothing’.
Big bang theory requires that originally all matter, energy, space, and time were contained in a single point of infinite density (technically known as a ‘singularity’). In the program, Dr Krauss informs us: “All we know is that from what may have been nothing we go to a state of almost infinite density, and infinite temperature and infinite violence.” That is, all the energy currently represented by the mass of some 200 billion galaxies each containing 100 billion stars, was contained in a single point.7 However, there is nothing in the known world of physics to start the universe expanding from such a singularity. Physical descriptions of the big bang, and the equations derived for the theory, only apply after the unknown event has already happened. Krauss’s fellow atheist Stephen Hawking makes the same blunder in his latest book, as we have documented.
Faster than the speed of light
Then Prof. Michio Kaku tells us that the very early universe expanded faster than the speed of light (c). This is based upon the theory of ‘inflation’, developed to overcome some of the huge problems faced by the big bang. The laws of physics do not permit things to travel faster than c, so this contradiction is explained with what comes across as ‘big-bang-speak’ on the meaning of the word ‘nothing’. Prof. Kaku says: “Nothing can go faster than the speed of light; nothing being empty space.” In short, the idea is that space itself appeared at the moment of the universe’s creation of itself, and it is that space which has to expand faster than c to salvage big-bang thinking. This particular ‘nothing’ was depicted as a ball of energy, represented artistically in the Discovery Channel film by an expanding bluish haze. Yet inflation has always been an ad hoc theory to explain away the big bangers’ own conundrum with light travel time: the horizon problem (see below).
The triumph of matter over anti-matter
The program says that the big bang produced matter and anti-matter. These two substances annihilate each other, so the program states (correctly), “a universe of equal amounts of each would be equivalent to a universe containing no matter at all”. However, according to Prof. Krauss, for every 1 billion particles of anti-matter produced, there also formed 1 billion + 1 particles of matter, and these minority excess matter particles formed “all the stars and planets in the universe, and us”. Prof. Michio Kaku adds: “We are the leftovers from collisions of matter and anti-matter.” Hmmm. So much for being made in the image of God!
Actually, when particles of matter are created from energy in a collider laboratory, they always appear in matter/anti-matter pairs (e.g. an electron and a positron, or a proton and an anti-proton, or a neutrino and an anti-neutrino). And whenever these matter and anti-matter particles meet they annihilate one another and revert to pure energy.8 So why were things different during the big bang? Prof. Krauss provides no experimental evidence in support of the claim of ‘billion +1’ matter-particle asymmetry during the big bang. So that leaves chance. But chance is not a force; it cannot violate the laws of physics.9 To say that there was anything left over after all this big-bang annihilation, let alone enough to form all the matter in the universe, is cheating with chance—assigning a positive probability to something that the laws of physics do not allow.
Cosmic ‘kingdom’ of darkness
According to How the Universe Works, when the expanding energy began to cool, it produced sub-atomic particles, which in due course coalesced into atoms of gas expanding close to the speed of light. So what caused billions of localized regions of this mass of gas to resist the big bang force, reverse their runaway expansion, and start contracting to form stars and galaxies (which the program describes as ‘vast kingdoms of stars’)—without everything disappearing back into the singularity?
Answer given: Gravity allegedly contracted the gas until it formed stars,10 and then collected the stars into galaxies. But gravity is ‘the force of attraction that arises between objects by reason of their masses’, and (the program tell us) there was not enough mass (i.e. gravity) in the expanding gas to hold the stars in individual galaxies together (even with the help of super-massive black holes said to be at the centre of each), nor yet to stop all these galaxies, when formed, from flying apart. Nor is it enough to collapse gas clouds into stars: they are too hot and thin. It’s notable that theories of star formation tend to involve a shock wave from a supernova, but this requires a pre-existing star.11
In the Discovery Channel episode entitled Galaxies, the program tells us: “Dark matter is the glue holding together the whole superstructure of the universe” and “without dark matter the whole structure of the universe would simply fall apart”. So what is this mysterious but apparently ubiquitous material that supplies the additional gravity without which “the universe would not work”? Prof. Michio Kaku describes it: “You can’t push against it. You can’t feel it. Yet it’s probably all around you. It’s a ghost-like material that will pass right through you as if you didn’t exist at all.” Another scientist in the program tells us: “Weight for weight it makes up at least six times as much of the universe as does normal matter—the stuff that we’re all made from.”
But this is not the sort of ‘science’ that most people understand by the meaning of that term, namely that involving repeatable and controlled experiments utilizing examination, measurement, analysis, comparison, and peer review. Not so for hypothetical ‘dark matter’, which no one has ever seen (it does not absorb or emit radiation—hence ‘dark’), let alone sampled, examined, measured, analyzed, and compared; and as to peer review see ref. 6.
Physics Professor John Hartnett
There are a number of observations for which dark matter is the solution proffered—for example the motion of the outer parts of galaxies. As evidence for the existence of dark matter, the program offered a phenomenon called gravitational lensing. This is where light from a distant object is bent (much like light passing through a lens), from interacting with the forces of gravity along its path. But Physics Professor John Hartnett, in his book Starlight, Time and the New Physics, indicated that a new physics based on the work of Israeli physicist Moshe Carmeli resolves all of the issues without postulating a mysterious new form of matter. He refers to dark matter as analogous to the mysterious dark planet, dubbed ‘Vulcan’, that in the 19th century was hypothesized to exist on the other side of the Sun to Earth and so always conveniently out of sight—i.e. it was ad hoc. This was because the physics of Newton could not explain certain observed motions in the orbit of the planet Mercury.12 But Einstein’s new physics was able to explain the anomaly without any ‘fudge factor’ of a dark planet. Similarly, as Dr Hartnett has shown in papers published in secular astrophysics journals, Carmelian Relativity properly solves the problems that have been explained away by dark matter.
The ‘flatness problem’
To get the stable universe we live in today, and for it to have endured for the alleged 13.7 billion years, the cosmic expansion would have had to be fine-tuned with the counteracting gravity to within one part in ten million, trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion of the critical value, according to big-bang proponent Alan Guth, the inventor of the inflation hypothesis.13 This required stability is known as the ‘flatness problem’. It requires a balance of the competing forces to an accuracy of 1 in 1055. Why did the program not tell us how this happened? Actually no big-bang proponent knows!
Some Christians claim it as evidence for God using the big bang to create, but this causes huge problems for Genesis. For example, Genesis has the earth before the sun, whereas the big bang has the sun millions of years before the earth. It is no coincidence that big-bang-Christian scientists uniformly deny creation in six earth-rotation days. The big bang involves the earth cooling down for millions of years, rather than being covered with water at the beginning as Genesis teaches. They also therefore promote millions of years of Earth history, placing death and disease well prior to the Fall of Adam.
‘The accelerating power of the universe is not the result of dark energy, but God’s Almighty power as He gave impetus to the universe.’—John Hartnett
Having conveniently invented dark matter, big-bangers discovered, inconveniently, that they needed yet another heterodox force in opposition to it, namely ‘dark energy’. The Discovery program says:
“Dark energy has the opposite effect of dark matter. Instead of binding galaxies together, it pushes them apart. It is far more mysterious. We don’t have the slightest idea why it’s there; what it’s made from we don’t really know. Dark energy is really weird. Far in the future, dark energy will win the cosmic battle with dark matter … by causing all the galaxies to recede further and further away from us until they’re invisible, until they’re moving away from us faster than the speed of light [sic] … and become lonely outposts in deep space.”
Most of the things stated earlier about dark matter apply to dark energy. The Bible states in numerous places that God has stretched out the heavens.14 Dr Hartnett explains:
“The accelerating power of the universe is God Himself. … It is not the result of dark energy, but God’s Almighty power as He gave impetus to the universe. … The big push was God, but through the agency of the fabric of space itself. He is the unseen force in the universe. God designed the original creation in a state such that it would naturally expand, relaxing the fabric of space itself like an uncoiling spring.”15
“This stretching out resulted in an enormous amount of time dilation; billions of years of physical transformation occurred in the galactic realms while only one ordinary-length day passed on Earth and in the solar system.”16,17
Cosmic Background Radiation (CMBR) and the ‘horizon problem’
The so-called ‘map’ of the cosmic microwave background radiation of the universe, with dark and light portions representing small temperature differences, said to be from 380,000 years after the big bang. However, “The detected anisotropies (unevennesses) are treated as if they are proof of the big bang model, whereas it is more circular reasoning. That is, the evidence (anisotropies) is interpreted assuming the truth of the big bang paradigm, then it is used as support of this paradigm.”25
Credit: NASA/WMAP Science Team
The primary evidence presented for the big bang is the uniform cosmic background radiation of 2.726 K (degrees Kelvin, i.e. above absolute zero). Tiny temperature variations have been used to compose a ‘map’ which is claimed to represent the primordial density variations in the big bang fireball from which today’s cosmic structure originated. However, other secular scientists strenuously dispute this conclusion,18,19 Also, using the CMBR as proof for the big bang commits a glaring logical fallacy, called affirming the consequent.20
The Discovery program tells us that space is at least 150 billion light-years across.21 Nevertheless, bits of matter flying in opposite directions all managed to reach the same CMBR temperature. But if the universe really was about 13.7 billion years old, how could the CMBR be uniform if there has not been sufficient time for radiation to travel from one side of the universe to the other, and even out the temperature by transmitting energy from hot regions to cold? This is known as the ‘horizon problem’ and shows that big-bangers have their own light-travel time problem to contend with.22 This is the main reason that the faster-than-light ‘inflation’ idea was proposed in the first place, as noted above.
Summary and Conclusions
The alleged big bang was a one-off event in the past, so it is beyond the reach of experimental verification. Hence speculation is presented wherever evidence is scant. Whenever the hypothesis runs into trouble, its proponents continually ‘move the goal posts’ by introducing hypothetical ad hoc assumptions and fudge factors like inflation, dark matter and dark energy, that have never been observed by modern physics.
Within the cosmological community, dissent is not easily tolerated, and certainly rarely funded. Occasionally, however, a comment is made from within the ranks which the public would do well to take note of, such as this one from Science magazine:
“‘Cosmology may look like a science, but it isn’t a science,’ says James Gunn of Princeton University, co-founder of the Sloan survey. ‘A basic tenet of science is that you can do repeatable experiments, and you can’t do that in cosmology.’”23
Creation by God, who is the first cause of all, gives meaning to the universe we live in. Not only does God tell us in the Bible that He did it, but the description of six-day fiat creation in Genesis is much more plausible than the big-bang scenario with, borrowing from Mark Twain, its “wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact”.24
Dr Michio Kaku’s last words in the Discovery Channel Big Bang episode are:
“Personally I believe in continual genesis, that is, a never-ending process whereby universes collide, split apart, give birth to new universes, perhaps with different laws of physics within each universe.”
Now why would an otherwise rational scientist have as his worldview a sort of continuous cosmic ping-pong contest? Perhaps it is because, if our present universe had a beginning, this would imply there was a Beginner. And in such a worldview as his there is no God and no Satan, no Heaven and no Hell, no Creation and (above all!) no Last Judgment.
It does matter what we believe, because these are all integral components of the biblical worldview, and they have crucial consequences for every one of us.
- As we read through the Bible we learn that ‘the Word’ is one of the titles of the Lord Jesus Christ (John 1:1–3, 14–18), and that it was through Christ that God created all things (Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:3). See also Grigg, R., Is Jesus Christ the Creator God? Creation 13(3):43–45, June 1991; and Sarfati, J., The Incarnation and Genesis , 23 December 2010. Return to text.
- See Grigg, R., Creation: How did God do it? Creation 13(2)36–38, Return to text.
- There have been several other versions over the last 80 years. See Grigg, R., The mind of God and the big bang , Creation 15(4):38–43. Dissent from the current model by secular scientists is not encouraged by the scientific establishment and is rarely funded. Return to text.
- See also Manthei, D., Two worldviews in conflict, Creation 20(4):26–27, Sept. 1998, creation.com/two-worldviews-in-conflict. Return to text.
- See Wieland, C., Secular scientists blast the big bang, Creation 27(2):33–35, March 2005, creation.com/secular-scientists-blast-the-big-bang, which comments on ref. 6. Return to text.
- An Open Letter to the Scientific Community, cosmologystatement.org, signed originally by 34 named scientists (from 10 countries) who oppose the big bang (including Eric Lerner, author of the book The Big Bang Never Happened, and since then by a further 371 named scientists, engineers and independent researchers, 105 others (as of 24 May 2011). It was also published by Lerner, E, Bucking the big bang, New Scientist, 182(2448):20, 22 May 2004. Return to text.
- Compounded by the ratio of 2 billion to 1 in the matter to anti-matter conflict (see later), plus the postulated dark matter and dark energy. Return to text.
- Oard, M., Missing antimatter challenges the big bang theory, J. Creation 12(3):256, 1998. Return to text.
- Williams, A., and Hartnett, J., Dismantling the Big Bang, pp. 82–86, Master Books, Arizona, 2005. Return to text.
- Known as the nebular hypothesis. Refuted by Sarfati, J., Solar system origin: Nebular hypothesis, Creation 32(3):34–35, 2010, and Oard, M., Another puzzle in the evolutionary story for the origin of the solar system, J. Creation 16(3):17–18, 2002. Return to text.
- Bernitt, R., Stellar evolution and the problem of the first stars, J. Creation 16(1):12–14, 2002. Return to text.
- Hartnett, J., Starlight, Time and the New Physics, Creation Book Publishers, Brisbane, 2007, Chapter. 3, ‘Dark’ matter: today’s ‘fudge factor’. Return to text.
- Guth, A., Inflationary Universe: A Possible Solution to the Horizon and Flatness Problems, Physical Review D 23(2):347–356, 1981, quoted in ref. 9, p. 110. Return to text.
- Job 9:8; Psalm 104:2; Isaiah 40:22, 42:5, 44:24, 45:12, 48:13, 51:13; Jeremiah 10:12, 51:15; Zechariah 12:1. Return to text.
- Hartnett, J., Dark matter and a cosmological constant in a creationist cosmology? J. Creation 19(1):82–87. Return to text.
- Ref. 9, p. 255. Return to text.
- See also Hartnett, J, A new cosmology: solution to the starlight travel time problem, J. Creation 17(2):98–102, 2003. See also Humphreys, R., New time dilation helps creation chronology, J. Creation 22(3):84–92, 2008. Return to text.
- See Hartnett, J., WMAP ‘proof’ of big bang fails normal radiological standards, creation.com/wmap-proof-of-big-bang-fails-normal-radiological-standards. Return to text.
- See Hartnett, J., Planck sees the big bang—or not? creation.com/planck-sees-big-bang. Return to text.
- Sarfati, J., Nobel Prize for alleged big bang proof, 7–8 October 2006. Return to text.
- A light-year is the distance that light travels in a vacuum in one Julian year (i.e. 365.25 days) = about 9.46 trillion km or about 6 trillion miles. Return to text.
- See Lisle, J., Light-travel time: a problem for the big bang, Creation 25 (4):48–49, 2003. Return to text.
- Cho, A., A singular conundrum: How odd is our universe? Science 317:1848–1850, 2007. Return to text.
- Twain, M. Life on the Mississippi, www.twainquotes.com. He was referring to science in general, due to some ludicrous ‘scientific’ statements made about the Mississippi River. Return to text.
- Sarfati, J., ref. 20. See also refs. 18 and 19. Return to text.
I’d be interested to see how they test what happens while the laws of physics are forming in a scientific way. Pretty hard even to imagine or understand when we’re immersed in a universe run by consistent physical laws.
Firstly, I am a believer in God and have read much (more than half) of the King James Bible. That said, I don't recall finding anything in the book that would contradict evolution or the big bang. You and I are "evolving" even as you live your life. The process in which we live and die is a form of evolution. Evolution is just a word to describe that everything is constantly changing, and in case you haven't noticed, everything IS constantly changing. God created science, not man. If the big bang did indeed happen then it was because God made it happen, NOT because some scientist said it happened. Am I going to go to hell because I believe that God made the big bang happen? I know He works in mysterious ways, but that would seem a bit cynical.
Dear Shawn A: Your responses are perhaps understandable since if you're only half-way through the Bible, it's probably hard to see how it all hangs together consistently. And of course it's clear you haven't explored the site much before making this feedback. The Bible itself refers to all the change that is going on all the time in this fallen world, things dying out, becoming extinct; mutations accumulating in populations of humans, plants and animals; if that was all that evolution meant, then we would all be evolutionists. But in fact it's a comprehensive philosophy to eliminate the biblical God. The idea is that the universe made itself; firstly, it created itself from nothing, then chemicals, random raw materials became life (in a hypothetical process that has never even been described in detail, let alone been observed and that defies the normal laws of physics and chemistry. Then microbes became people, again with no outside input. And so on. Of course, there are the gullible who do not see what the driving philosophy is, so they think it is 'science' in the same sense as the observable, experimentally verifiable things we've learned about how the world works (quite different from how it is supposed to have created itself). And they console themselves by thinking that they can tack 'God' onto the end of the story somehow, for some sort of philosophical comfort. But it is not the God of the Bible. Because if you had read the other 50%, it should have been clear to you that the God of the Bible describes death as a 'last enemy'; that the originally good world He created was ruined by sin, and through Jesus' sacrificial death, will be restored to be a sinless, deathless paradise once again, in which righteousness dwells. Whereas in the millions of years view, these eons of time are supposedly represented by the fossils. But these show death, suffering, cancer and disease. The God of the Bible did not superintend a world of death and suffering and cruelty for long ages before Adam's sin brought the Curse of death and bloodshed upon the world. There are a heap of quality articles on such subjects in our Topics: Q and A page, for example, or by using our search engine. Even if you choose not to believe the Bible's record of history, hopefully you will at least know what it actually teaches. And no, none of our articles indicate that anyone goes to hell for believing that God made a bb happen. There are articles on that too. Scripture indicates that if you seek the truth with all your heart, you will find it and if you turn to Him (the real God of Scripture, not the imaginary one that we might want to think He is) He has promised that He will in no wise cast you out. But it has to be 'for real', which means that what counts is God's opinion - not yours (or mine).
All the best.
Fantastic article. You put some good effort into it, and came across many of the same questions I’m always left with. I should mention that I neither know whether God exists, or the Big Bang is a myth. But as I watch these cosmology shows, it is clear that a number of supposed scientists are fighting for funding and will make up anything that keeps the money coming their way. Some of their theories are pure crap, as they have no real explanation, make something up that they can tweak with mathematics until they get it to work (at least to the limits of their intelligence), and then 2,000 scientists jump on board so they can all get my tax dollars.
I don’t think I would favor cutting their funding completely, but I sure do not appreciate the posing of fanciful dreams and hopes as fact.
On the other hand, I have the same issue with the Bible. A book written by men, containing selected writings based on what was needed at the time. In that case, there surely may be a God, the creator of all that is, but the Bible is not his word. Just my opinion.
I appreciate your candour. Actually the Bible says itself that it was written by men. 2 Peter 1: 20-21 says "For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit." So it was men who wrote it but God inspired it. And much of what is recorded in the Bible is of what they saw and heard. It's history.
I think you can take the Bible in two steps. Begin by reading it as a book written by men. Check out what they say, what they saw, and what they claim. Then do some tests yourself, and see if what they say gels with you. Test some of the promises. Do what it says in areas that apply to situations in your life and see how it works. But ultimately, you will come to a point where you will have to make a decision, a life long committment.
Time is eternity forever having no ending. Time is made of multiple segments, such as a 10th of a second. And a 10th of a 10th of a second and so on. Each segment of time reduced to a even smaller fragment of time. Just as the same as trying to calculate absolute zero. We as a living biological creature life-form species: may already have the ability to calculate absolute zero in our subconscious, but have yet to develop an scientific equation that we can comprehend. If we were ever to know the begging of time, we would also know the start of the count down of the begging of time. Not in the positive sense but in the negative sense. Such as we use the death of Christ with B.C. and A.D. Our internal energy of our biological body's life-forms that is unique to use along as an individual, which is our Soul continual forever. We have come to accept and understand that matter is nor created nor destroyed , it just changes from.
As far as I can tell, the various Big Bang theories, some of which contradict each other, are not much better than fairy tales. I chuckle every time I watch one of those "science" programs "explaining" how the Universe came about. They now also bore me so I don't tend to watch them any more. The irony of it all is they keep avoiding the one theory that not only makes the most sense, it does so scientifically; namely that a intelligent designer (we of course refer to such a designer as God) created everything visible and invisible.
I am not a physicist, and so am prepared to admit that my understanding is limited. However what I do know is that when an explosion (like the big bang) occurs, matter is ejected radially from the source, so that for each second which passes particles will separate from each other with increasing chordal distance. To me this seems as if, instead of galaxies and stars clumped together, the universe will end up as practically empty space studded with minute particles separated from each other by vast distances. As you and I are compact and dense, praise the LORD, this is not the case obviously and I do not understand how we have ended up with the universe we have today under the big bang theory. Perhaps there is someone out there with a good explanation but I've yet to see it.
It all seems very straight-forward:
1. The universe had a beginning, which means that at one time it did not exist.
2. Something that does not exist cannot bring itself into existence.
3. Therefore, the universe cannot be its own cause.
1. Everthing that begins to exist (comes into being) has a cause.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.
The cause of the universe would need to be transcendent, uncaused, timeless, changeless and immaterial (outside of time and space). There would need to exist beforehand, a personal, all-powerful, unembodied mind that could cause everything to come into being from nothing (William Lane Craig).
1. Evolution does not have a cosmological beginning (something that does not exist cannot bring itself into existence) for it to become established in.
2. Therefore, 'evolution' does not exist.
For its proponents to be under the delusion that evolution is true is easily explained by 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 and the prophesy in Isaiah 66:4
"...so I will choose their delusions, and bring their fears on them; because when I called no one answered, when I spoke they did not hear..."
The preceding verses refer to the results of rejecting God's patient offer of salvation.
If we don't choose Christ, eventually, we end up with the devil.
Although I think you have cause to be skeptical of some of these programs you lack the knowledge to say for sure they are wrong.
And the basis for your bald assertion is ...?
You only need to read the first two sentences of the Bible; there is more information than those 'proof-essens' Kraus and Kaku ever could dream up. Waste of time to spend seed on the rocky ground for people who made an 'academic' decision about their future.
Hi Thanks for all your great, faith building, articles. They have been a great help to me. I am struggling with the concept of the big bang horizon problem as I cannot understand why the energy needs to travel the whole universe to reach an even temperature. If you were to have two equal numbers of ball bearings with one group at 10 degrees and the other at 30 degrees then poured them into a container would the energy not simply have to travel between adjacent ball bearings to end up with an even temperaure of 20 degrees. Any chance of a simple illustration to help me with this.
That is correct. The energy would have to travel between them. It they are in a container the energy does not have to travel very far, but if they are a long distance apart the energy has to travel all that distance, and it would be by radiation at the speed of light. That is the horizon problem.
Thank you so much for dissecting this TV program in light of it's own failings and the Bible. I watch it when I'm otherwise bored to see what their latest fairy tale is as it keeps changing. A more profitable expenditure of my time might be in reading in God's word. However, my heart aches sometimes for those who do watch it and believe, and I need to keep up with the false teachings and your site to be better prepared to help direct them to God's Word. Thank you. Your work helps to keep me armed.
Big Bang acolytes claim, on the one hand, that "there is such a thing as matter being created out of a quantum fluctuation producing equal amounts of particles and antiparticles, so that ‘zero becomes +1 and –1’" but then they admit that "a universe of equal amounts of each would be equivalent to a universe containing no matter at all" which are mutually contradictory. They try to get around this by claiming that "for every 1 billion particles of anti-matter produced, there also formed 1 billion + 1 particles of matter," but -1 billion + 1 billion +1 does not become zero, and this nullifies their opening proposition that is quintessential to their case. No thinking person can accept this without self deception per Romans 1:18-23.
Considering that space is infinite, time is infinite, then why could not God be infinite in his power as well? Nobody is able to understand clearly the concept of Infinite Space/Time. It is also impossible to understand clearly the concept of an infinitely powerful creator. That is why creation exactly according to Genesis is so plausible to me. Who are we to understand the depths of Gods' power and love?
It seems to me that there is only one use for the Big Bang. I'd like to ask someone who believes all that matter travelled out, faster than the speed of light, whether that therefore means God could make the whole universe in a day.
After all, if it went faster than the speed of light at all, why not a million/billions of times faster. Is that really any more impossible? (Of course, I know 'impossible' can't be more or less, it just is or isn't.)
Thanks for an excellent and highly explanatory article. I have lost interest in the programs on The Science Channel because they do not espouse my worldview in any way, shape or form. Their mantra of "Question Everything" seems only to apply to conservative worldviews. They never question the tripe they put on the air, which makes them hypocrites as far as I'm concerned. Your articles continue to help me articulate a biblical worldview and give me ammunition (for lack of a better term) to refute those secular concepts that are so pervasive in our society today. Thanks again.
Sapere Aude :).