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Creation  Volume 27Issue 1 Cover

Creation 27(1):10–12
December 2004

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Dinosaur fairy tales

Remove the hype and discover a different story about the dinosaur family tree

By Tas Walker

Fossil bones of Omeisaurus tianfuensis—a large sauropod dinosaur named after the mountain in Sichuan where the original material was found.

This brilliantly artistic reconstruction is almost completely imaginative. Given the title Sinosauropteryx prima, the small dinosaur fossil on which it is based gives no concrete evidence of a feather-covered reptile.

Giant Chinese dinosaurs have been touring Australia after appearances in Japan and New Zealand. No, it’s not Jurassic Park. It is an exhibition featuring many well-preserved dinosaur skeletons, like the massive 23-metre sauropod Mamenchisaurus, with its 9-metre-long neck.1

The exhibit, called Chinese Dinosaurs, also includes fossils of dinosaur eggs, claws and teeth, as well as marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs and turtles. It is truly an awe-inspiring display.

Naturally, fossils cannot speak for themselves. Instead, people interpret fossils according to their beliefs. It is clear that the organizers believe that life evolved on Earth over millions of years because they provide copious signs, labels, lectures, videos and books to encourage visitors to interpret the fossils this way.

One particular diagram that vividly makes this point is a dinosaur ‘family tree’, which they placed prominently alongside every exhibit.1

According to this diagram (see figure 1), all dinosaurs (and birds) descended from a common dinosaurian ancestor that lived some 240 million years ago, during the early Triassic period. The diagram clearly shows the ancestor-descendent relationships leading from this single ancestor to each of the different kinds of dinosaurs.

Figure 1. Dinosaurs have become the latest showpiece in evolutionary spin doctoring. Following the successful Jurassic Park movies, which popularized the idea of dinosaurs turning into birds, recent finds in China have led to more displays aimed at convincing the public. A travelling exhibit of the Chinese fossils features a ‘dinosaur family tree’ (above), portrayed as a fact. But stripped of the story-telling, the evidence better fits the Bible’s account of history.

Click image to enlarge

For example, the diagram suggests that the group of ceratopsian dinosaurs at the top are directly related to the group immediately underneath, the pachycephalosaurs. The diagram indicates that the two groups separated from a common ancestor that lived about 140 million years ago (during the early Cretaceous period). Furthermore, both of these groups of dinosaurs are supposedly related to the next group, called the ornithopods. They allegedly separated from their common ancestor about 200 million years ago (during the early Jurassic period).

Most people would not realize that this dinosaur family tree does not present observed scientific fact. Rather, it presents assumptions, hypotheses and beliefs as if they are observed facts. Biologist Jonathan Wells claims such diagrams misrepresent the truth and calls them ‘icons’—symbols of an idea—not factual evidence.2 Let’s see why.

First, no evidence exists for any of the common ancestors indicated on the diagram. At Chinese Dinosaurs, the position of each fossil animal on the family tree is marked on an adjacent sign. Every fossil sits on one of the branches of the tree (the thick, horizontal lines). The exhibition does not present one example of the supposed common ancestors required by its own diagram. That’s because evidence for these common ancestors does not exist.

Then, the dates on the diagram (from 65 million to 245 million years) are not scientifically measured facts. It’s obvious that when palaeontologists dig up dinosaur bones, they do not find a label attached with the age written on it. The dates are interpretations based on conjectures designed to give results consistent with evolutionary beliefs. Both radiometric dating and index fossil comparisons are based on assumptions about the past—assumptions that cannot be tested in the present.

So, to present the actual scientific evidence (rather than evolutionary beliefs) on the diagram, we would remove all the hypothetical common ancestors and the imaginary family links. We would also remove the ages of millions of years. Instead of ‘millions of years ago’, we would write something like ‘relative depth’. At the ‘245-million-year’ end we would put ‘deep’ and at the ‘65-million-year’ end we would put ‘shallow’.

Thus, if we amended the diagram to represent the evidence based on the facts, it would no longer look like a family tree (see diagram left).

Sinosauropteryx prima is known from a fossil (below left), which seems to show some evidence of hair-like structures along its back and tail. Although there is no clear evidence of feathers, evolutionists have seized upon this fossil to promote the idea of dinosaurs turning into birds.

At face value, what does the evidence at the Chinese Dinosaurs exhibition point toward? Firstly, there are all sorts of different animals buried in sedimentary rock layers. They include land animals (dinosaurs), marine animals (plesio­saurs), and birds (such as Archae­opteryx). The huge animals were buried at different depths in sediment, which was laid down by water.

Furthermore, the sediment covered their bodies quickly, before they rotted away or could be scavenged.

In addition, fossils of the different kinds of animals appear suddenly in the strata and don’t change much from the deepest to the shallowest rocks. In other words, there is no clue that any kind of animal evolved from a different kind of ancestor, or that any kind of animals evolved into other kinds after they first appeared in the deepest rocks.

So when we clear away the evolutionary story telling, we can see that a different story fits the evidence better. The evidence is consistent with biblical history, that different kinds of animals were created suddenly at the beginning during Creation Week, and that they reproduced after their kind. The fossil deposits are best explained by the global Flood of Noah—the catastrophe that devastated the land, the sea and the atmosphere about 4,500 years ago.3

Related Articles

Further Reading

References

  1. Lavarack, J.W. (Ed.), Chinese Dinosaurs: Dragon Bones & Dragon Birds; in: Riversleigh Notes, Issue No. 53, 2nd ed., The Riversleigh Society and The Australian Museum, 2003. Return to text.
  2. See, Wells, J., Icons of Evolution, science or myth?: Why much of what we teach about evolution is wrong, Regnery Publishing Inc., Washington D.C., 2000. Return to text.
  3. For the true history of dinosaurs, see Ham, K., The Great Dinosaur Mystery Solved! Master Books, Arkansas, USA, 2000; or access Chinese Dinosaurs. Return to text.

(Also available in Greek)


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Readers’ comments
Ian M., New Zealand, 18 September 2013

Are there ANY Chinese dinosaur fossils these days that aren't just frauds? They haven't made a good name for themselves in recent years.

Tas Walker responds

I think the frauds are likely just a very small part of the picture.

N. O., Sweden, 18 September 2013

Well, it depends on what "fraud" means; there is still an all too common problem with "repairing" and smuggling of (real) chinese fossils, for which their origin is often hard to track.

(Balter M. 2013. “Authenticity of China’s Fabulous Fossils Gets New Scrutiny”, Science 340(6137): p. 1153-1154.

Dan M., United States, 18 September 2013

Doesn't the discovery of T-Rex bones with soft tissue and red blood cells destroy the whole "millions-of-years-ago" position? Is there anyway those specimens could have survived 65,000,000 years? If not, doesn't that pretty much destroy the Darwinist world view?

Tas Walker responds

Indeed!

Kent O., United States, 18 September 2013

This is a great article that clearly points out that what evolutionists teach as fact is simply belief (conjecture, assumption)! Thank you!

Riaan P., New Zealand, 23 September 2013

I can only laugh at the way the evolutionist media interprets evidence and more specifically the headlines they concoct. I think I'll try my hand at this (and hope they don't pick this up as fact, which would not surprise me in the least..):

"Recent studies have shown that the Platypus is both the common and contemporary ancestor of most duck, beaver and otter families. Interspecies breeding habits have not been observed yet but funding by the International Scientific Research Foundation will make this possible."

Not funny, I know, but I've seen much worse from actual scientific publications.

andrew I., Australia, 1 October 2013

I assume birds, in general, were buried at shallow depths as they could escape Noahs initial flood waters. It is highly possible they would have eventually died due to exhaustion from continous flight and the physical impacts of rain.

Why would have prosauropods been buried deeper?

Tas Walker responds

As you say, the order of burial would have depended on many factors, some of which gave a general order to the sequence, others of which tened to be random. The animals buried deepest were just labelled prosauropods in the belief that they were the first to evolve. However they were just the first to be buried.

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