This article is from
Creation 23(1):32–35, December 2000

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Answers for Kids

by Dan Lietha and Stacia Byers

'The Seven C's' of History (Creation, Corruption, Catastrophe, Confusion, Christ, Cross, Consummation) help us remember the big events which have affected, and will affect, the history of the universe.


Christ Jesus... who being in the form of God...was made in the likeness of men. And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Phil. 2:5-8

The First Adam

Our first 'parent', Adam, did not lead the perfect life he should have. He disobeyed his Creator's command not to eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Because of God's judgment on this one act of rebellion, the entire creation, which was originally perfect (Gen. 1:31), became subject to death and corruption. Because of Adam's sin, and because we sin personally, we all die (Romans 5:12-19).

The Last Adam

About 4,000 years after Adam disobeyed, God sent the perfect sacrifice, in the form of His Son, Jesus Christ, to take away the sin of the world, fulfilling the promise God made in Genesis 3:15. Jesus is called the 'Last Adam' in 1 Corinthians 15:45, and He came to restore the fellowship with the Creator that was broken by Adam's sin.

Adam disobeyed God's command not to eat the forbidden fruit; Jesus fulfilled the Creator's purpose that He die for the sin of the world.

The First Adam brought death into the world through his disobedience; the Last Adam (Jesus Christ) brought eternal life with God through His obedience (1 Corinthians 15:21-22).

Because God is perfectly holy, He must punish sin—either the sinner himself, or a substitute to bear His wrath.

God Himself made the first sacrifice for sin by killing an animal (this was the first death in God's creation) after Adam disobeyed (Genesis 3:21). But now, we should not offer animal sacrifices for sin any more. This is because the Lamb of God (John 1:29, Revelation 5:12) was sacrificed once for all (Hebrews 7:27). Jesus bore God's wrath on our sin by dying in our place (Isaiah 53:6). So all those who believe in Him will be saved from the ultimate penalty for sin (eternal separation from God), and will live with Him forever.

But Jesus Christ, the Creator of all things (John 1:1-3, Col. 1:15-16), was not defeated by death. He rose three days after He was crucified, showing that He has power over all things, including death, the 'last enemy' (1 Cor. 15:26)!

This is why the Apostle Paul says, 'O death, where is your sting? O grave, where is your victory? … But thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ' (1 Cor. 15:55, 57).

When we believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and understand what He has done for us, we pass from death into life (John 5:24). The names of those who receive Him are written in the Lamb's book of Life (Rev. 13:8, 17:8)—when they die, they will go to be with Him forever (John 3:16)!

On a hill far away, stood an old rugged cross, the emblem of suffering and shame …

About 2,000 years ago, some nations, such as the Romans, Persians and Phoenicians, executed many hundreds of criminals by nailing or strapping them to a rough, wooden pole or cross, and left them to die slowly and painfully. This was one of the worst causes of death possible, so was normally used for the lowest of criminals, slaves and traitors. The victim was often flogged, stripped and made to carry a part of the cross to the place of execution, passing by crowds of people who mocked and teased him.

The earthly life of one person who suffered this death is recorded in four main books written in the first century ad, and is mentioned in other historical accounts (such as the writings of Josephus and Tacitus) as well. Guided by the Holy Spirit, four Jewish men (Matthew, a tax collector; John Mark, a student of the Apostle Peter; Luke, a doctor; and John, a fisherman) wrote about the life of the man known as Jesus the Messiah. The difference between Jesus and the hundreds of others who died on the cross is that He was completely God and completely man. He did not deserve to be crucified (He lived a perfect life) and He did not stay in the grave. Three days after He was buried, He rose from the dead—His Resurrection.

He lives!

Paul (who saw the risen Christ) tells us that it is important that Jesus truly did rise again because '… if Christ is not raised, your faith is foolish…we are of all men most miserable' (1 Cor. 15:14, 17). After Jesus rose from the dead, He met with His disciples (including the writers of the books of John and Matthew; and Peter, who informed Mark). He commanded them to tell people about the Creator who came to save the world from the Curse of sin (Matthew 28:19-20, Revelation 4:11, 5:9). Then He went back to Heaven to prepare a place for those who believe in Him (John 13:2-3).

Just as 'science' cannot prove that Jesus rose from the dead, it also cannot prove that God created everything in six days. In fact, 'science' can't prove any event from history, because it is limited in dealings about the past. Historical events are known to be true because of reliable eyewitness accounts. Similarly, there are reliable eye-witness accounts that Jesus' tomb was empty after three days, and that He later appeared to as many as 500 people at once (1 Corinthians 15:6).

Most importantly, we know that both the Resurrection and Creation are true because God, the most reliable eye-witness of all, who never lies and knows everything, tells us in His Word that these things happened.

Up from the grave He arose

Many people do not believe the historical accounts that Jesus really died and rose again. They have made up many stories to try to explain why the tomb where Jesus was buried is now empty.

  • Some say Jesus just fainted while on the cross, later revived in the cool tomb and then left. But … Jesus would have had to unwrap Himself from the grave clothes, push aside the stone (which was too heavy to be moved by a single man) across the entrance to the tomb, and then walk past the soldiers outside. An almost-dead-by-crucifixion man would have been too weak to do this, and would have been stopped by the guards. Further, the Roman soldier had pierced Him with a spear while He was still on the cross, and the blood and water that flowed from this wound showed that He was truly dead.
  • Others believe the disciples stole Jesus' body and then lied, saying He arose. But … the disciples would not have made it past the tomb guards without the guards noticing them. Most of the disciples later died for their belief that Jesus arose—they would not have died for something they knew to be a lie.
  • Some suggest the Romans or Jews removed Jesus' body from the tomb. But … these two groups of people had no reason to do so—in fact, they would have wanted a body in the tomb to stop any stories that Jesus had risen. And when the followers of Christ began saying that they had seen Him alive, the Jews or Romans could have shown the Christians' claims to be false just by producing the body—yet they didn't.
  • Still others say the story that Jesus rose from the dead is just a myth or legend. But … the Gospels were written between 25 and 65 years after the crucifixion of Christ—far too little time for a myth to develop because eye-witnesses to the events were still around at that time to answer any questions. Further, some of those who saw Jesus after His Resurrection did not like Him. They would have certainly corrected the reports that claimed they had seen Him.