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Journal of Creation 25(3):18–20, December 2011

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The frightful level of thought control in American academia

A review of Free to Think: Why Scientific Integrity Matters by Dr Caroline Crocker
Leafcutter Press, Southworth, WA, 2010

Dr Caroline Crocker, according to the opinions of many of her students, was an outstanding biology teacher. She was falsely accused of—horror of horrors—teaching creationism in class. Actually, all she had done was point out some of the weaknesses of evolutionary theory. For this, she was first demoted to teaching lab classes, and then—surprise—her contract was shortened and not renewed. Her dismissal for ‘teaching creationism’ was a kiss of death for her career. She found it very difficult to get another teaching job. She took legal action to fight the blatant discrimination that she had experienced, but her lawyer instead lost his reputation for helping a Darwin-doubter.

This book is not an easy read. There is so much detail that the reader may find it tedious. On the other hand, the documentation given to support its claims is exhaustive. Specific events and conversations are presented in minute detail. This work intersperses the author’s experiences with particular biology lessons. Profuse online and written references are included. Several appendices in the book include a glossary, copies of emails and letters from students (names blacked out to protect privacy), letters from faculty heads leading to Crocker’s dismissal, letters related to the grievance process, legal documents regarding the case, etc.

The challenges of being a new college teacher

The author describes how she became a college teacher in biology, and how she strove to make her classes informative and interesting. She told students who worked or had other commitments that they should not be taking her course if they do not have the time to study for it. If they found her policies unfair, they could withdraw from her course in favor of another one.

Crocker also had to deal with students who cheated on tests, and with students who wanted to pressure her for a grade that they had not earned. At one point in time, near the end of the grading period, she was repeatedly harassed by a gentleman who tried to get her to raise his grade. Eventually, she had to have the campus security escort him away from her. However, he did learn his lesson. He later took another course with her and, having learned how to apply himself, earned a high grade for that course.

Challenging evolutionary shibboleths

Crocker, while teaching biology classes, showed the fallacy of Kettlewell’s peppered moths as evidence for evolution. The proportion of dark and lighter moths varied, but they remained moths. What’s more, it turned out that the moths had been nailed to tree barks before being photographed; they do not habitually land on trunks. The actual cause for the shift from a gray-majority to black-majority moth population remains unclear.

She also discussed antibiotic-resistant bacteria. They remained bacteria. The same can be said for the Galápagos finches. Urey–Miller origin-of-life experiments do not even begin to account for the origin of life and its complexity.

All along, Crocker emphasized the fact that scientific theories, including ones that seemed unquestionable, get thrown out in the face of new evidence. She cited some examples.

ID is not religion

Cocker briefly showed some slides that illustrated the concept of Intelligent Design, but did not dwell on this topic. Despite being mischaracterized by its detractors as such, Intelligent Design is not creationism in disguise, nor is it, in of itself, a religious concept (though, of course, it can have theistic implications, just as evolution can have atheistic implications).

In fact, the recognition of design in nature does not, itself, lead to the identity of the designer. For instance, Crocker cites the SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) project. Attempts are made to distinguish random radio signals from those purposeful ones made by an extraterrestrial intelligence. This clearly is no religious exercise, nor endorsement of any religion. The nature of any putative extraterrestrial intelligence is irrelevant to the fact of any such intelligence. Who knows? It may be beyond our understanding or even our imagination.

Even simple everyday examples lead us to understand what is purposeful action and what is not, and it has nothing to do with religion. An example is given of a dead man found in the forest. Up to that point, his death may have been thought accidental or deliberate. An arrow is found in his chest. It could still have been an accident, or it could have been deliberate. Finally, a set of arrows is found embedded in his chest. Clearly, everyone knows that it was a deliberate act of murder. Crocker asks the student how they know this. “We just know”, they answer.

The non-religious nature of ID has other practical implications. Crocker adds:

“Even Einstein, although not a believer in a personal God, firmly believed that the physical laws governing the universe exhibited evidence of design. He used this principle to guide his work, ‘When I am judging a theory, I ask myself if I were God, would I have arranged the world in such a way?’” (p. 198).

In the modern ID movement, Dr Steven Fuller and Dr David Berlinski are examples of members who are not theists at all.

Embedded biology lessons

Apart from evolution-related issues, this book contains illustrated short biology lessons throughout the text. This in informative, but, to some readers, may serve as a distraction from the main subject of this book. The embedded biology lessons include those related to the function of T-helper cells and the immune system, DNA and protein synthesis, how to solve a chemistry problem (with numbers included), dominant and recessive traits, DNA use for solving crimes, intracellular communication, etc.

An outstanding teacher faces discrimination

By all objective measures, Crocker became an outstanding teacher. She got grants, and did other work far beyond what was required of her. She developed teaching materials that were used by other teachers. Her students consistently praised her, notwithstanding her strictness with tardiness and cheating.

It is humorous to see how, to this day, certain evolutionists continue to deny the obvious fact that her contract non-renewal was a blatant act of discrimination. To begin with, there was an ongoing demand for biology teachers at this school, so her contract non-renewal could not possibly have had anything to do with her services no longer being needed.

Dr Carter, her supervisor, in a meeting with Crocker, told her that there were complaints that she was teaching creationism. No proof was presented as to when and how she had taught creationism. In fact, the complaints were not even in writing. Numerous students then wrote letters categorically refuting the accusation.

The normal grievance procedure was not followed. Neither Carter nor any of the other faculty ever observed her actually teaching. Carter simply told her, out of the blue, that, from now on, she could only teach lab courses. In a later hearing, he said, correctly, that it was his prerogative to assign a teacher to lab courses. However, Crocker comments:

“But this completely begged the issue of him withdrawing me from teaching the lecture at the last minute, after the catalog had been published, and then telling me and others that the reason for it was to discipline me for teaching creationism” (p. 113).

(Imagine a department leader telling a professor that he was exercising his prerogative to assign teachers to lab courses, but doing so because the professor was black.)

www.sxc.hu/profile/fanf Figure 1. Are universities really bastions of academic freedom?
Figure 1. Are universities really bastions of academic freedom?

This was only the beginning. It really got ugly when her professional file got tampered with. Her original 3-year contract was removed, and replaced with a 9-month contract. (Unfortunately, circumstances at the time had prevented her from making her own copy of the original 3-year contract). According to this bogus latter contract, she was already out of a job. Crocker was shocked at the brazen corruption involved in destroying evidence by tampering with her file and replacing the valid contract with a bogus one.

Although Crocker’s mind was centered on teaching, and helping students, and she disliked conflict and confrontation, she decided to pursue legal action to fight the discrimination that she had experienced. An attorney, Edward, prepared a case pro bono. Evidently, his law firm was bought out, and he was terminated. Perhaps ironically, Edward was unable to get another job, likely because he was tainted with the Darwin-doubting label.

Later, the ACLJ (American Center for Law and Justice) could not help her because her eviscerated file had prevented a credible legal case from being constructed about her situation.

As an aside, imagine what would happen if there was so much as a hint of suspicion about a professor’s contract not renewed because he/she was a Communist, a homosexual, or a habitual mocker of Christianity. Well-funded ‘civil liberties’ organizations would come to his/her defense in an instant.

Crocker tried and tried to get another teaching position. Despite her exemplary qualifications, she usually did not get as much as a response. She suspects that she had been blacklisted on the Internet.

Protecting science?

Although those who oppose any challenge to evolution profess to be defending science, they, ironically, are doing just the opposite. Crocker comments:

“We are being stifled into a politically correct ideology and scientists are being motivated more by fear about their reputations and hunt for money than by curiosity. Freedom of inquiry is allowed only within the context of accepting the ‘fact’ or neo-Darwinian evolution. This will have a huge negative impact not only on science, but also on our well-being and economy. One needs only to remember the consequences of Lysenkoism to understand” (p. 182).

She adds: “Science has immense potential for good or evil—I do not like the idea of giving over all scientific decisions to those who do not believe in academic freedom or scientific objectivity … ” (p. 194).

The stifling of free inquiry has practical implications, as Crocker relates:

“What about the all-important freedom to think in an unrestricted fashion in research institutes and university classrooms? In the United States, our inventiveness and ability to think outside the box is a large part of what makes us competitive in the global marketplace” (p. 182).

The dogmatic promulgation of Darwinian orthodoxy is widespread. Crocker says:

“The suppression of academic freedom and scientific objectivity is not just found at GMU. During the Louisiana House Educational Committee hearings on SB 773 in Baton Rouge in May of 2008, Bryan Carstens, a Louisiana State professor spoke proudly of how he and 59 other biology professors at LSU have signed a document confirming their public agreement with evolution. Since I was present at the hearing, I recall a revealing exchange when a house member wryly asked him what would happen to someone who refused to sign. The silence was deafening” (p. 185).

In spite of all the pressures to conform, several hundreds of qualified scientists from all over the world have signed a statement questioning the ability of neo-Darwinism to account for living things. It is regularly updated, and can be found online.1 Of course, secularist fanatics will self-servingly dismiss all of them regardless of the facts. There are also many other scientists, known privately to Crocker, who have verbalized doubts about evolutionary theory but keep their views private for fear of their careers—well justified as Crocker’s experience shows.

Evolutionists excuse the actions against Crocker by asserting that academic freedom, and freedom of speech, does not allow one to say whatever one wants. If so, then who is to decide what the limits of expression are? Considering all the inflammatory and provocative statements college professors have made with impunity (especially against Christianity,2 and in favour of Communist and Islamofascist murderers), this takes on further significance.


Lawyer Ben Stein said it best, on the back cover of this book:

“A chilling true life story of how free speech and free inquiry rights have simply vanished in a large swath of the academic community. This story would be depressing in a 1950’s Iron Curtain country. Unfortunately, it’s a contemporary American story and far more upsetting for that reason. This shutdown of the search for truth is not something that could happen. It DID happen.”

Dr Caroline Crocker has founded an organization dedicated to preparing college students for careers in science. It is called the American Institute for Technology and Science Education (AITSE), and can be accessed online.3

The kind of discrimination featured in this book will continue as long as evolutionists can get away with it. How long before believers wake up and start fighting back on a large scale for their rights?


  1. A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism, www.dissentfromdarwin.org, last accessed 21 June 2011. Return to text.
  2. See, for example, Bergman, J., A Story of Two Professors, Impact 372, June 2004; icr.org. Return to text.
  3. American Institute for Technology and Science Education, www.aitse.org. Return to text.

Readers’ comments

Kendall S.
Thought control in the modern academy is pervasive. It is the result of the radicalization of higher education, particularly since the 1960s. Grounded in the theories of the late Marxist theoretician Herbert Marcuse, this new orthodoxy of intolerance is enforced by academic bureaucracies and faculties which promote rights of certain favored groups over individual rights through the mechanisms of speech and conduct codes, student indoctrination, and disciplinary proceedings which make a mockery of due process and constitutional rights. Indeed, the very notion of free speech is rejected by these Marcusians who hold that the supposedly neutral tolerance for ideas in the United States is, in reality, a selective tolerance that reinforces the "hegemony of the dominant power structure." It is within the context of Marcuse’s theories that the far-left, which supported “free speech” for its own ends in the 1960s, now hypocritically seeks to repress the free speech of those who do not accept their totalitarian worldview. Indeed, under their control, the liberal university has become decidedly illiberal. It manifests itself over every area of thought, not just the evolution vs. creationism debate. If you disagree with the academic orthodoxy, you must not only be wrong, but hostile to science and rational thought. As David Horowitz points out, once the radical element in an academic department approaches 25%, no conservatives need apply. This is to maintain a solid front for the students and, thereby, convince them "intellectualism" is to be equated with leftism. In reality, this leftist veneer is simply a raw political power play that threatens freedom of thought and open inquiry. And the irony is that leftists use the brains that God gave them to deny his existence.
Arlie E.
We live in a fascinating time in history. The age of molecular biology has arrived. The fundamenal underpinning of Darwinian evolution is the notion that a living cell could be assembled through random arrangement. The discoveries of DNA and the world of protein based machinery has revealed a breathtaking level of intricate functional complexity which puts the notion of random assembly into the realm of "beyond preposteous". Darwinism is dead. The scientific community is standing upon a house of cards. Take courage and marvel at this revelation of awesome beauty we see in the creation. Allow it to deepen your gratitude. You are one of the chosen whose blind eyes have been touched by the creator, the author of truth. Speak truth to those less fortunate who remain blinded when opportunity presents. But never forget that blindness is removed by a miracle from God, not arguments that come from the puny mind of man.
Adrian G.
One issue with the article. It stated:
(Imagine a department leader telling a professor that he was exercising his prerogative to assign teachers to lab courses, but doing so because the professor was black.)

Discriminating against someone for talking about ID is not the same as discriminating against someone for their race.
Tomislav O.
By faith, Moses, when he grew up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, and chose instead to suffer maltreatment with the people of God rather than to enjoy the transitory pleasures of sin, because he considered the reproach [suffered on behalf] of Christ greater riches than the treasure vaults of Egypt. For he was looking to his reward. (Hebrews 11:24-26)
Christina W.
Hello Mr. Woodmorappe:
Thank-you for your book review. Except for a few points, it seemed very thorough. I am a great fan and supporter of creation.com.
I would like to suggest a few improvements to your article. 1) The type of school is not identified until the third paragraph. Before then, I did not know if I was reading about a public high school teacher, or what. 2) Although I read the article and rescanned it, I did not find the name of the school anywhere, nor the type of school. Is it a public school or private? Is it an ivy league school or a small parochial school? Is it a university or state college? Such information is necessary for evaluative purposes, even for me to determine if I might want to purchase and read the book or not.
Thanks for writing the book review. Creation.com is a great website.
Yours in Christ,
Tas Walker
The book description on Amazon describes Caroline's position at that time as, "adjunct science professor at George Mason University".
B. O.
This article is timely for me. Lately I have been asking myself; will I "stand down" when someone attacks me on behalf of Satan. Or am I completely under God's sheltering Spirit, that I can withstand the storms that will come. We listened to "Mrs. Rose"; a missionary's wife, who was tortured. She only had hymns to keep her during this horrible time. I feel for Caroline and am so pleased that she is not "backing down" and standing up for God. I hope that I will be as strong as she is.
Chylene R.
I am constantly denigrated for my audacity in believing that I have not been lobotomized when I was baptized. I pointed out to some adherents of Darwin the prejudice that exists towards creationism and Christians in general. I told them that 'Lucy', the famous hominid had been discredited numerous times, starting back in 1986, with an article by Oxnard, and ending with an article by a team of researchers at Tel Aviv University. They hadn't heard a word about it, and didn't believe me, which was my whole point; especially since there were still 5 major museums in the US that had exhibits of 'Lucy', showing her with human-like features, including walking on humanoid feet, with straight, human arms and hands! These guys then began to mock and denigrate me, and tried to pick apart everything I had said--even accused me of misspelling! How ridiculous. I just told them it did not detract from the fact that their science had committed a major fraud for thirty years, and could they explain that? Nope, not a word.
A. B.
We need to make colleges irrelevant. Alternatives to programs like Khan Academy would be a great start...
Travis S.
Thank you CMI for letting this kind of thing be known !! I believe it's VERY important.
Curtis C.
Thanks for another great review!

Everything about this incident shows more of that "giving away the game."

By stifling free thought, evolutionists demonstrate that they know evolution is false, as Chandrasekaran said. Yet, by trying to pretend that they did NOT do any such thing in face of all the proof exposes that they feel some modicum of shame for their actions. The behavior is exactly like an addict who knows what they do is wrong but can't bring themselves to stop, so instead they try to hide it.

Let's be real here -- academic freedom only ever came from belief in Jesus. Only believers know we are right and don't need to fear scrutiny. Often I get the sense that people are surprised these sorts of things happen because they mistakenly give academia the credit for the free thought that has been traditional in America. I thought like this for a long time, but my eyes have been opened.

It never came from anything secular. It was a direct result of biblical belief. Many of us need to realize we've missed giving the credit to Whom it really belongs.

And the only way academic freedom will ever truly return is if America turns back to Jesus. Not that that's what really matters, of course -- for the sake of the eternal souls of the lost they need Him anyway. :) Everything is better when we follow Jesus. ^_^
Joseph W.
It is indeed difficult to comprehend how highly educated people can act so obnoxiously to discriminate in this way against colleagues of the same profession, difficult that is until you take into account that they are fallen individuals in need of the Saviour. Their actions do nothing for their argument against Christian belief and faith but in fact upholds the message of the Gospel that we are all sinners and that we need the Saviour of the Gospel, Jesus Christ. They are running scared and in my opinion have already lost the argument. Why don't they be honest and big enough to admit it?
Errol B.
Truth IS stranger than fiction. But then again we must protect endangered species at all cost, particularly the species of evolution.
P. T.
"How long before believers wake up & start fighting on a large scale for their rights?"
Thanks for this revealing article, it is a stimulus to reading Slaughter of the Dissidents etc - because we believers ARE waking up: thanks to all at CMI; and thanks to our eternal living God who has a purpose in it all. For the battle is the Lord's, and as we trust Him, we DO promote His truth by our lives and words, & we WILL see His deliverance.

But our rights? In John's gospel we believers are given the right to become children of God ... but our rights to free speech or recognition by unbelievers etc - do these actually matter? It is not men's opinion of US that ultimately matters, but it's what people believe about Almighty God that ultimately matters, so we need to keep telling God's truth, whatever the reception - so a BIG THANKS to CMI for doing this, & for showing us how to speak the truth in love!
Chandrasekaran M.
There are many like Dr Caroline who have lost their careers for think thinking outside the box and not keeping their doubt about Darwinism private.

Reading between lines, American Academia realises that molecules to moral homosapien evolution is unscientific and unsustainable once free thinking and critical analysis are allowed in science. Academia in USA and UK are protecting the endangered science where critical analysis is prohibited.
john P.
This reminds me of George Orwell's story 1984. With academia controlled by communists, atheists and evolutionists in America and probably here in Australia too to some extent, it does not bode well, until we realise God is in control and He does not let this sort of thing go on indefinitely.
Once again, it is confirmation of Bible prophesy. These people will not be able to avoid their Maker for ever and when they meet Him it is most unlikely they will be thinking of evolution or atheism.
A revival is desperately needed in this world. But God's truth will prevail every time over the devil's lies
P. B.
It should come as no surprise to Christians that evolutionist are enslaving the minds of countless innocent people, and silencing those who disagree. Christ said, I have come to make you free, everything else enslaves. The bible also says there is a way that seems right to people, but it leads to destruction. When operating on earthly wisdom you will always see the destruction of freedom, rights, thought and life itself.
Terence B.
In my first year of university, I had a lecturer who introduced both models of geology - the Lyellian model and the Tas Walker model. She said, "Here, is another model of geological formation". At that moment there was a bubbling of smirks and taunts in the room.
Someone must have talked to her, because by the next lecture it seemed she had completely forgotten about the Walker model and loudly stated millions of years to everything. She was replaced for that subject after that year, albeit that might be because of her unparalleled first year strictness and her demanding of academic quality (not always a big thing here for first years in Australia). I later learned that she was a very strong and convincing defender of the bible and had undertaken heavy research on defending it. It is not just America where there is puppeteering, although what is taught in literature or arts appears to be freer at my university at least. All the Christian lecturers at my campus feel very much underground.
Anthony & Naomi M.
I think President Obama should issue a statement on behalf of the U.S Govt and indeed all Americans apologising to Joseph Stalin. After reading this article it is clear that Stalin won the cold war and Americans obviously believe he was right all along.

"The price of liberty is eternal vigilance"

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