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This article is from
Creation 29(1):49–51, December 2006

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Morning Glory’s Designer Label clothing

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Reading through secular scientific journals and magazines, I have yet to see a writer ‘Ascribe to the Lord the glory due to his name’ (Psalm 29:2). Instead, when researchers report their studies of animals, plants, Earth and starry skies, they implicitly give the glory to ‘evolution’.

faded flower

A recent genetic study of the ‘morning glory’ plant, for example, speaks of the ‘evolutionary transition’ from purple/blue flowers (Ipomoea purpurea) to red flowers (Ipomoea quamoclit).1

A closer look, though, shows it is not evolution at all. Evolution—in the sense of pond scum becoming petunias, or molecules becoming morning glory—requires an uphill change, an increase in genetic information. But the researchers describe how their claimed ‘evolutionary transition’ from blue to red flowers in morning glory is actually a downhill change; a decrease in information.

Purple loss leaves evolution in the red

red

The ancestral (normal) blue/purple floral colour is due to pigments derived from a chemical called cyanidin. But the researchers discovered that mutations in Ipomoea quamoclit block production of cyanidin. Therefore a different chemical called pelargonidin builds up, resulting in red pigments and flowers. The researchers readily acknowledge this has been a downhill change, using such phrases as ‘pathway degeneration’ and ‘loss of the ability [to perform certain chemical processes1]’.

Thus the researchers concluded, starkly: ‘This degeneration makes it very unlikely that I. quamoclit would be able to re-evolve cyanidin-based blue/purple pigments … ’. Why? Because, the researchers say, it would require multiple simultaneous mutations. These mutations would have to add information, i.e. it would require an uphill change.

purple flower

But this is the opposite direction to observed mutations today.2,3 So instead of saying that reversing the blue-to-red change was ‘very unlikely’, the researchers might just as well have said ‘impossible’. Indeed, they cite ‘Dollo’s law’—which states that character elimination is irreversible—as applying in this case. Thus the net information change in going from purple to red is one of debit, not credit, leaving evolution on the wrong side of the ledger—bankrupt of the necessary information (or any mechanism to generate it) to climb out of the red.

Created, not evolved

blue flower

If chance processes (evolution) cannot explain the origin of morning glory’s blue/purple flowers—let alone morning glory itself—what is the explanation?

the net information change in going from purple to red is one of debit, not credit, leaving evolution on the wrong side of the ledger—bankrupt of the necessary information (or any mechanism to generate it) to climb out of the red

The Bible (Genesis 1:11–12) tells us that God made the plants (and everything else) as part of an originally ‘very good’ Creation (Genesis 1:31). But because of the first man’s disobedience the whole creation is now cursed (Genesis 3, Romans 8:19–22)—which logically explains the downhill slide from blue/purple to red (see Speciation, adaptation and natural selection are not evolution! below).

The Bible also tells us that from studying plants it ought to be obvious that they must have had a Designer (Romans 1:20). How could you ever get something that grows from a seed, extracts its own construction and maintenance materials from its surroundings, all fuelled by solar energy,4 arising by chance?

And as we delve further into the inner workings of plants, their mind-blowing intricacies become ever more apparent—man has not yet even fully described or identified all the processes going on in plants, let alone been able to duplicate them. It’s as if every plant comes with its own label proclaiming: ‘Designed!

How apt that the words of our Creator, Lord and Saviour about the ‘lilies of the field’ reflect the superiority of what He has made over that which is man-made: ‘I tell you, not even Solomon in all his glory was clothed like one of these’ (Luke 12:27).

Speciation, adaptation and natural selection are not evolution!

flower

The degenerative slide in morning glory plants from purple/blue to red flowers through mutation (see main text) is consistent with the Bible’s account of a once-perfect Creation now ‘in bondage to decay’ (Romans 8:19–22)—not evolution.

‘But we’ve now got a new species’, some might say, ‘Isn’t that evolution?’

Actually, no. This and all other known examples of speciation involve a loss or reshuffling of existing information. But Darwinian belief requires massive amounts of new information.

In fact, really rapid speciation, in both plants and animals, is a surprise to evolutionists but a delight to informed creationists.1

Of course, the modern taxonomic concept of ‘species’ is not the same as the biblical ‘kind’. Today’s cabbage ‘family’ consists of hundreds of both weedy and agriculturally useful ‘species’ all descended from the same original kind.2 Such variation within a kind adds no new complexity and thus does not demonstrate evolution.

Note that when things ‘adapt’ to their environment, this is not algae-to-azaleas evolution, but simply the result of natural selection preferring some plants over others.3,4

Natural selection by itself can choose only from what is already there—it can’t create new, more complex, functional information needed to transform one type of organism into another.5

The oft-made claims of ‘abundant evidence’ for evolution turn out, on closer inspection, to be simply speciation, adaptation and natural selection—often associated with the same kind of degeneration evident in red morning glory flowers.6

References

  1. Catchpoole, D. and Wieland, C., Speedy species surprise, Creation 23(2):13–15, 2001, creation.com/speedy.
  2. Batten, D., Eat your Brussels sprouts! Creation 28(3):36–40, 2006.
  3. See: Adaptation, Creation 14(2):13, 1992, creation.com/adaptation.
  4. Weston, P. and Wieland, C., Bears across the world …, Creation 20(4):28–31, 1998, creation.com/bears#box.
  5. Wieland, C., Muddy waters, Creation 23(3):26–29, 2001, creation.com/muddy.
  6. A striking example of this was the mooted evidence for evolution presented in December 2005 by Science journal (310(5756):1869, 1878–1879) in declaring the 2005 Breakthrough of the Year to be ‘Evolution in Action’.

References and notes

  1. Zufall, R.A. and Rausher, M.D., Genetic changes associated with floral adaptation restrict future evolutionary potential, Nature 428(6985):847–850, 2004. Return to Text.
  2. Wieland, C., The evolution train’s a-comin’ (Sorry, a-goin’—in the wrong direction), Creation 24(2):16–19, 2002, creation.com/train. Return to Text.
  3. No mutations have ever been observed which build up the DNA strand with new previously non-existent information. However, there are designed (i.e. created) mechanisms for generating limited new information under strict cellular control. See, e.g.,
    (a) Batten, D., The adaptation of bacteria to feeding on nylon waste, Journal of Creation 17(3):3–5, 2003, creation.com/nylon; and
    (b) Truman, R., The unsuitability of B-cell maturation as an analogy for neo-Darwinian theory, trueorigin.org/b_cell_maturation.asp. Return to Text.
  4. Sarfati, J., Green Power: God’s solar power plants amaze chemists, Journal of Creation 19(1):14–15, 2005. Return to Text.

Readers’ comments

Alice K.
+-80% of all deleterious genetic mutations appear to have occurred within the past 5-10,000 years. No advantageous mutations have been detected.

[link deleted per feedback rules]
Vernon R.
I believe Satan is the author of evolution, it is sad that so many people are too lazy to actually try to find out the truth about how things really came about. Love the articles I get daily, keep up the good work CMI.
Bill P.
The education system has dumbed down students from the youngest to those who go on to universities. This has had the worst effects recently on nations like Germany, England, Russia, (sadly) the U.S. etc. Schools are now places where they indoctrinate minds instead of teaching minds to ponder the evidence. The only way it seems to overcome the damage they have done is for the individual to first & most important have a heart after GOD, reverence HIM, & to believe that ALL of His Word that HE has left mankind in both The O.T. & N.T. His Word is is "TRUTH".
If anyone would have a heart after The Lord & look at the heavens, the earth, & all things contained in them through the view of ALL of His Word The Lord through His Holy Spirit would reveal to that individual the truth that "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth". HE has done this for me, & for so many others who trust in Him.
Education from the view point of this world & the lack of faith in The Living God has done damage to both the hearts & minds of many so that when the world teaches it's lies using words & phrases that sound so wise & show colorful pictures that they direct the artists to draw they pull the wool over the eyes of many. Look at Hitler, Stalin, & Mao, look at what has happened to IVY League Schools that started out as places to get a good sound Christian education BUT are now controlled by those who willingly ignore "The Truth". Sadly this deception has also made it's way into the church.
The only weapon an individual has to combat these lies of the world is 1st. a heart after GOD & 2nd. The Word of GOD.
The Lord left us an example in His own life here on earth on how this is done when He was tempted in the wilderness by the father of all lies.
TY CMI for sharing these articles.
Hans B.
The design of and for Genesis 2v9 "pleasant to the sight" seen in created flowers.
God is a makeup artist!
Have you seen the design on tropical fish?
And cats! Cats have a genetic haircut, and some cats have beautiful patterns and even built-in mascara.
What is the evolutionary advantage for genetic mascara?
Like to see how secular scientists explain the 'how' and the 'why' of that.
Mark A.
It is amazing how secular scientists give a figment of their imagination the 'glory' for how and why things are. It is annoying how these so called scientists are given free reign over the dissemination of blatantly wrong and untested ideas. Their idea of evolution in the case of Petunias is actually devolution but they ignore that then use the term 're-evolve' as if it had evolved in the first place. Western science is becoming a laughing stock to those who know better.
Gina T.
Great article! Thank you!

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