Philip Bell B.Sc. (Hons.), PGCE, CBiol MSB
Creationist Zoologist, ex-Cancer Researcher and Teacher,
CEO, Creation Ministries International (UK/Europe)
Philip has a passion to demolish secular and anti-God philosophies through sound biblical exposition and Christian apologetics—drawing from his experience in science, research, education and Christian ministry.
He trusted in Christ as a child and was raised in a strong Christian home to believe the Bible was the inerrant Word of God. However, during his late teens, he compromised with secular, evolutionary ideas about origins. During the course of his later, graduate studies he rejected evolution/millions of years on both scientific and biblical grounds. He came again to see that the Bible is God’s completely trustworthy, infallible Word on scientific and historical matters—as well as on vital matters of Christian faith and conduct.
Education and Professional background:
Philip studied biology and geology at the University of Wales (Swansea) and obtained a BSc (Hons) degree in zoology. Then he spent nine years in cancer research and became an active member of the Postgraduate School of Medicine at Bath University, England. Following this, he obtained a postgraduate teaching qualification (PGCE) from Exeter University and taught school science (and some religious studies) to 11–18 year olds. He continued to publish occasional cancer research papers (in secular medical journals) until 2004 and is a contributor to Creation magazine, Journal of Creation, CMI’s website and other periodicals.
Christian ministry activities:
Since 2001, Philip has traveled throughout the UK, Europe and beyond, teaching and lecturing on Bible/science topics in churches, schools and universities. Up until June 2006, Philip worked for Answers in Genesis in the UK as a speaker/writer and later as Deputy Chief Executive. Currently, he heads up the UK/Europe branch of Creation Ministries International (see creation.com). Philip is married with five children—three grown up and two home-schooled—and is a strong advocate of Christian education.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) in Zoology, 1989, University of Wales (Swansea). Subsidiaries in geology and botany.
- P.G.C.E, University of Exeter. Postgraduate Certificate of Education (= Diploma in Education), 1999. Subsidiary course: TEFL (Teaching English as a foreign language).
- C. Biol. M.S.B. Elected member of Institute of Biology and awarded Chartered Biologist status, 1995 (reformed as Society of Biology in October 2009).
- Member of the School of Postgraduate Medicine, University of Bath, 1995–1998.
January 2007–present – CEO, Creation Ministries International (UK/Europe).
October 2006–October 2007 – Part-time church worker; regular pastoral and preaching duties in his local church.
2001–2006 – Speaker and writer, later Deputy Chief Executive for Answers in Genesis UK/Europe, Leicester, UK.
1999–2001 – Full time teacher of science (principally biology) in state secondary schools.
1998–1999 – Teacher training
1989–1998 – Clinical scientist involved in cancer, leukaemia and lymphoma research; details below:
Philip gained extensive experience in cell culture techniques, new drug screening, routine light microscopy of all cancers, lymphomas and leukaemias, investigating cytotoxic drug resistance and cellular apoptosis. Some highlights:
1990–1994—A strong work focus was the research and development of new assay techniques. With a colleague, co-developed a novel in vitro technology to aid in micro-cell culture and cytology (OCTOSPOT; now patented and commercially produced), which was funded by two £100,000 S.M.A.R.T. Awards (1992, 1993) from the UK’s Department of Trade and Industry, (see technical abstracts/conference proceedings 7 & 8 below).
1994–1996—primarily involved in research into chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and clinical drug resistance, involving the writing of papers (see technical secular papers 1–4, below). The significance of this work is shown by the fact that papers 1 and 2 are the major support for one arm of the UK MRC (Medical Research Council) 4th National trial of the treatment of CLL (Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia; sponsored by Leukaemia Research Fund)—see references 8 and 9 on page 28 of the protocol: <www.icr.ac.uk/research/research_sections/haemato_oncology/4459.pdf.>
1996–1998—Single-handedly designed and conducted a project on drug-resistance in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; this was work towards a PhD (done while working full-time) but finished prematurely when funding was curtailed. Philip subsequently left research and retrained as a school teacher. Nevertheless, the first year’s work towards his PhD led him to author two papers (see tech. secular papers 5 and 6), one of which has become the definitive paper on a particular monoclonal antibody to the B-cell receptor CD79a, for distinguishing blood cells of an aggressive, poor-prognosis lymphoma from the very similar cells of the much more indolent chronic lymphocytic leukaemia—widely cited by all immunobiological suppliers of this antibody worldwide, e.g. http://www.acris-antibodies.com/SM1161F.htm, http://www.millipore.com/catalogue/item/cbl538, http://www.antibodies-online.com/antibody/118795/CD79a FITC Human/, http://www.serotec.co.uk/catalog/datasheet-MCA1298.html, http://www.antikoerper-online.de/antibody/118795/CD79a FITC Human/,
This paper is also referenced in the 7th edition (2005) of the standard text Williams Hematology, Chapter 92: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and related diseases. It appears as reference no. 297 here (on p. 1373 of the book):
Postscript: Philip’s long-standing interest in the uses of co-culturing a cancer patient’s normal and malignant cells in order to establish an ex vivo therapeutic index (see tech. abstracts 4 and 9), led to him co-authoring two major papers on this subject in 2002 and 2004 (see tech. secular papers 7 and 8 below), while working full-time as a creationist speaker and writer.
Technical articles in secular medical/science journals
Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. Handling requirements to achieve active drugs in in vitro drug sensitivity and resistance assays. In: Kaspers GJL, Pieters R, Twentyman PR, Weisenthal LM, Veerman AJP (Eds) "Drug resistance in leukemia and lymphoma. The clinical value of laboratory studies." London: Harwood 1993; 227–255.
- Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. Enhanced ex vivo drug sensitivity testing of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia using refined DiSC assay methodology. Leukemia Research 1996; 20: 143–153.
- Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. Novel ex vivo analysis of nonclassical, pleiotropic drug resistance and collateral sensitivity induced by therapy provides a rationale for treatment strategies in CLL. Blood 1996; 87: 1962–1971.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Burlton AR, Amos AS. Correlation of bcl-2 with P-glycoprotein expression in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and other haematological neoplasms but of neither marker with ex vivo chemosensitivity or patient survival. Leukemia and Lymphoma 1996; 24: 141–147.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB, Harris AL. Ex vivo cytotoxic drug evaluation by DiSC assay to expedite identification of clinical targets: results with 8-chloro-cAMP. British Journal of Cancer 1997; 76: 511–518.
- Bell PB, Rooney N, Bosanquet AG. CD79a detected by ZL7.4 separating chronic lymphocytic leukemia from mantle cell lymphoma in leukemic phase. Communications in Clinical Cytometry 1999; 38: 102–105.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Rooney N. Effect of interleukin-2 on CD95 (Fas/APO-1) expression in fresh chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and mantle cell lymphoma cells: relationship to ex vivo chemoresponse. Anticancer Research 1999; 19: 5329–5334.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB. Parameters affecting the ex vivo cytotoxic drug sensitivity of normal human cells. Journal of Experimental Therapeutics and Oncology 2002; 2: 53–63.
- Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. Ex vivo therapeutic index by drug sensitivity assay using fresh human normal and tumour cells: a potential surrogate for patient toxicity and sensitivity. Journal of Experimental Therapeutics and Oncology 2004; 4: 145–154.
- Bosanquet AG, Boullier BA, Bell PB, Taylor AR, Betteridge RF. Recent developments in the treatment of leukaemias using the Differential Staining Cytoxicity (DiSC) assay. British Journal of Cancer 1991; 63 (Suppl XIII): 31.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Taylor AR, Chadwick J, Phillips MJ, Johnson SAN. Correlation of clinical response to fludarabine with DiSC assay result. British Journal of Cancer 1991; 64 (Suppl XV): 28.
- Bosanquet AG, Taylor AR, Bell PB. Lack of cross resistance between aclarubicin and other anthracyclines: should choice of anthracyclines be made by DiSC assay? British Journal of Cancer 1992; 65 (Suppl XVI): 29.
- Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. Variable in vitro therapeutic index found by DiSC assay with fresh human tumour cells. Br J Cancer 1992; 66 (Suppl XVII): 19.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Taylor AR. In vitro DiSC assay results on fresh human cells suggest a trial of amsacrine in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Annals of Oncology 1992; 66 (Suppl XVII): 19.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB, Talbot D, Harris AL. The in vitro drug sensitivity of 8-chloro-cAMP in leukemia and lymphoma. Br J Cancer 1994; 69: 1187.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Burlton AR, Harris AL, Talbot D. New drug screening by DiSC assay. Technical improvements and results with vinorelbine and 8-chloro-cAMP. Annals of Oncology 1994; 5 (Suppl 5): 78.
- Bosanquet AG & Bell PB. New methodology improves the DiSC, MTT and FMC in vitro drug sensitivity assays for determining an individual patient’s drug sensitivity profile. Rev. Invest. Clin. 1994; 272. [see also: Proc. Internat. Soc. Hematol., 1994]
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Burlton AR. In vitro therapeutic index of fresh human tumor and normal cells identified by Differential Staining Cytotoxicity (DiSC) assay. Implications for Phase II/III trials. Proceedings of American Association for Cancer Research 1994; 35:368.
- Bosanquet AG, Mason JM, Drummond MF, Whiteley G, Bell PB, Burlton AR. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of DiSC assay directed therapy in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. British Journal of Haematology 1994; 186 (Suppl 1): 75.
- Bosanquet AG, Amos AS, Bell PB, Burlton AR, Greaves MF. Comparison of BCL-2 and MDR-1 levels in in vitro drug sensitivies by DiSC assay in B-cell and other malignancies. Br. J. Haematol. 1994; 87 (Suppl 1): 83.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB, Pleiotropic drug resistance with collateral sensitivity induced by treatment in CLL is unrelated to classical resistance mechanisms, Eg. MDR, GST, MRP. 2
ndInternational Symposium, Drug Resistance in Leukemia and Lymphoma, 1995.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB. In vitro radioresponse by DiSC assay of malignant cells using a laboratory cell irradiator. Proceedings of the Röntgen Centenary Congress 1995; 456.
- Bosanquet AG, Bell PB, Burlton AR, Whiteley G, Bosanquet MI. Ex vivo drug sensitivity testing aids informed decision making for drug therapy of leukaemia and cancer. Report of: Scientific Basis for Health Services, International Conference, 2–4 October, 1995.
- Bosanquet AG, Burlton AR, Bell PB. Ex vivo activity profile of gamma-linolenic acid and cross-resistance with anthracyclines, antimetabolites, alkylators, steroids, vincristine and radiosensitivity. Proceedings of American Association for Cancer Research 1997; 38:104 (#694).
Creation science articles
Selected Creation magazine articles
- A New Weed Species: Does it prove Creation Wrong? Creation 25(3):27, 2003.
- Evolution Revolution, Creation 25(3):31, 2003.
- Bishop Bell’s Brass Behemoths! Creation 25(4):40–44, 2003.
- Genetic Engineers Unwind Species Barrier. But have they Reversed Evolution? Creation 25(4):52–53, 2003.
- Resurrecting a ‘Prehistoric’ horse, Creation 26(2):46–51, 2004.
- Horse-shoe Crab Meets ET? Creation 26(4):24–25, 2004.
- From Pagan to ‘New Age’ Missionary. Creation 26(4):52–55, 2004.
- The Super-Senses of Oilbirds—Bizarre Birds Elude an Evolutionary Explanation, Creation 28(1):38–41, 2005.
- ‘Evolutionary Stasis’, Double-speak and Propaganda. Creation 28(2):38–40, 2006.
- Surgeon With a Mission: To Make the Evolution Myth Extinct, Creation 29(1):52–55, 2006.
- The tale of the hummingbird and the starling, Creation 31(1):20–21, 2009. (Pre-publication version)
- Of Snakes, Lizards and Mosasaurs—Evolutionists Puzzle over Snake Origins, Creation 31(3):15–17, 2009.
- Snakes: Designed to Kill? Creation 31(4):47, September 2009.
- Expert engineer eschews “evolutionary design”, Creation 32 (1):35-37, January 2010.
- Rock-solid butter! Creation 33(1):40–41, January 2011.
- Mudskippers—marvels of the mud-flats! Creation 34(2):48–50, 2012.
- Lying (and more)—as a survival strategy, Creation 35(4):35–37, 2013.
- Sunstones and Viking magic, Creation 35(4):50–51, 2013.
- Up, up and away! (interview: Flight Lieutenant Richard Snowdon), Creation 36(2):32–34, 2014.
- Apoptosis: cell ‘death’ reveals Creation, Journal of Creation 16(1):90–102, 2002.
- The Non-evolution of Apoptosis, Journal of Creation 18(1):86–96, 2004.
Perspectives and other articles:
- The Portrayal of Creationists by their Evolutionist Detractors, Journal of Creation 16(2):46–53, 2002.
- Pattern of Programmed Cell Death in Bat Wing Membrane—Support for Evolution? Journal of Creation 21(1):3–4, 2007.
- Evolution for Dummies, Journal of Creation 16(1):36–40, 2002. Review of Why Elephants have Big Ears. Understanding the Patterns of Life on Earth, by Chris Lavers (2001).
- Contentious Fossils, Journal of Creation 17(2):29–33, 2003. Review of Bone of Contention: Is Evolution True? By Sylvia Baker (2003).
- Magnifying Evolutionary Problems, Journal of Creation 18(3):41–45, 2004. Review of Evolution under the Microscope, by David Swift (2002).
- Debunking the Molecules-to-man Myth, Journal of Creation 19(3):45–50, 2005. Review of One Small Speck to Man, by Vij Sodera (2003).
- Atheist with a Mission, Journal of Creation 21(2):28–34, 2007.
- Book review: The magic of reality by Richard Dawkins
Apologetics and relevance
- Battle for Britain: A battle for hearts and minds
- Carrying the Creation Torch—An ongoing responsibility
- Christopher Hitchens: Staring Death in the Face—And the difference that Biblical Creation makes!
- Don’t believe evolution—just accept it!
- Lying—a survival strategy?
- Pseudoscience and the stifling of debate
- Skeptic puzzled by ‘Question Evolution’ campaign
- Sickness in the Church!
- Still fighting God! Prominent evolutionist reaches 100th birthday (Ernst Mayr)
- The BBC TV series Darwin’s Dangerous Idea
- The humanist apostles’ creed
- True versus false humility
- ‘Useful idiot’—who, me?
- A high view of Scripture? Second response re: objections from ‘Atheist spat’ article
- A disaster of ‘biblical proportions’
- Bird behaviour beliefs overturned
- Genetic engineers unwind species barrier
- Is the dog’s ‘collar bone’ vestigial?
- Once upon a time in Northern Ireland
- Homo habilis hacked from the family tree
- ‘Walking with Beasts’—Virtually Fact Free
- Creation commotion in Dutch Parliament
- The humanist apostles’ creed
- Dawkins gloats over boost to evolutionary dogma in schools
- Christians sidelining the Creator?
- Does Creation really matter? Restoring Confidence in the Bible and its Author.
- Evolution and the breakup of Christendom
- From fables to truth
- Perils of Theistic Evolution
- The ‘problem’ of evil and the supremacy of Scripture (Review of End of Christianity)
- The problem of evil: pre-Fall animal death?
- A Dutch treat (ministry in The Netherlands)
- From frog to prince? … Not all scientists are right! (interview with Philip Bell, EO Visie)
- I believe what Jesus believed (interview & personal testimony)
- Let the Rocks Speak: Evidence for the Flood from the fossils and geology, CMI
- Apemen, ‘Missing Links’ & the Bible, CMI
- Evolution Impossible, CMI
- The Case for Creation, Vij Sodera Production
- Battle for the Mind, CMI
- Design, Death and Suffering, CMI
- Evolutie? Kijk naar de Feiten! (Dutch; Evolution? Face the Facts!)
- Het Belang van Genesis in de Godsdienstige Opvoeding (Dutch; The importance of Genesis in the education of faith), Mediagroep in Genesis.
- Hoe kan ik weten dat God Bestaat? (Dutch; How can I know God exists), MiG.
- Schepping in Zes Letterlijke Dagen? (Dutch; Creation in Six Literal Days?), MiG.
- Science, Scripture & the Importance of Worldview in Education and Using Scientific Discoveries to Open Minds and Build Faith (Dutch slides, English speaking), MiG.
- Waarom de Schepping zo Belangrijk is (Dutch; Why Creation Matters), MiG.
- Walking with Dinosaurs (Dutch slides), MiG.
- Zondvloed, Fossielen & Geloof (Dutch; The Flood, Fossils & Faith), MiG.