Dating in conflict
Which ‘age’ will you trust?
In 1984, I was on a geological excursion in Mägenwil (Switzerland). I collected some sandstone samples with fossilized mussels in it. This rock is classified as belonging to the Upper Tertiary geological system. Evolutionary belief therefore maintains that this rock is around 20 million years old.
In the same rock, right alongside the fossil mussels, are fragments of coalified wood.
Some time after I took my samples, I discovered the same sandstone, appropriately described as coming from Mägenwil, exhibited in the ‘Geologisch-Mineralogische Austellung der ETH’ in Zürich—naturally, also labelled ‘20 million years old’.
That means the wood must also be at least that old. Mainstream geologists would never think of trying to get a radiocarbon (14C) date for the coalified wood in this Mägenwil sandstone, because anything that old should not be datable by this method.
This is because radiocarbon decays very rapidly compared to other radioactive elements such as uranium. So after, say, a theoretical 100,000 years at the most the amount of radiocarbon left in the wood would not be detectable anymore.
So anything which really was millions of years old would have no detectable radiocarbon left, and would register as giving an ‘infinite radiocarbon age’. Carbon dating, as it is often called, is thus never used to date ‘old’ fossils (which usually have no organic carbon left anyway).
However, I felt this wood probably would give a radiocarbon ‘date’, because I was convinced that this sandstone was the result of residual post-Flood catastrophism, just a few thousand years ago.
Such dating wouldn’t show the wood’s true age, since creationists have long shown that the huge imbalance of carbon in the world due to the global Flood catastrophe would give artificially old radiocarbon dates, especially those from the early post-Flood era.1
However, if it registered any age at all on the radiocarbon test (and all sources of potential contamination had been eliminated), it would mean that it could not possibly be millions of years old.
So I arranged for this coalified wood to be radiocarbon ‘dated’ by the Physikalisches Institute of the University of Bern, Switzerland.2 I assumed that such a prestigious laboratory would take all necessary precautions to eliminate contamination, and allow for all other sources of error.3
The result: 36,440 years BP ± 330 years. This discovery, that the 14C in the wood has not yet had time to disintegrate totally, is in line with what one would expect, based on the true history of the world given in the Bible by the One who made all, and Who alone is infinite in knowledge, wisdom and power. The real age is probably less than four thousand years.
It seems that long-age believers are left with only three options:
- Accept the radiocarbon date. This would mean that the age of the Upper Tertiary shrinks from 20 million to 36,000 years, a factor of around 500 times. The whole geologic dating system would be thrown into disrepute.
- Arbitrarily reject the radiocarbon date. To be consistent, therefore, they would have to conclude that radiometric dates are not the absolute age indicators we are persistently told, which destroys the main plank in the old-age dogma to begin with.
- Ignore the result, and hope not too many get to know about it.
There are many today, even within evangelical churches, who deny the Bible’s record of a recent creation. Because of this belief, they therefore insist that the fossils are not related to a global Flood (which they also deny), but are millions of years old. Since fossils show death, suffering, bloodshed and disease, that means that in their view, all these ‘bad things’ must have been there long before Adam’s bringing sin into the world (Romans 5:12), with the resultant Curse on creation (Romans 8:20–22). Sadly, such deadly compromise is often the result of a completely misplaced faith in the ‘absolute’ ages given by radiometric methods.
References and notes
- See video by Russell Humphreys, Ph.D., Radiocarbon, Creation, and the Genesis Flood [No longer available, but see Chapter 4, The Creation Answer Book]. An ‘infinite’ radiocarbon age, though consistent with an age of millions of years, would not be proof of it, of course; it could merely indicate that there was a very low initial ratio of 14C to 12C (radiocarbon to ‘normal’ carbon) in the pre-Flood atmosphere, for which there are several readily postulated mechanisms. Return to text.
- Copy of official report on file with Creation magazine. Return to text.
- Note from the editor: Although it is never possible to be absolutely certain that contamination and sources of error have been eliminated, a laboratory’s reputation depends on delivering ‘good’ results. At the time this test was done (1985), the head of this laboratory was on the Board of Editors of the international journal Radiocarbon. Also, the author of the article rang the laboratory in October 1996. The laboratory confirmed that the determination (done in the traditional way, not by the newer AMS method) had included everything possible to eliminate contamination, which included doing what is known as a δ13C correction. This is a critical test in regard to the possibility that the wood may have been contaminated by more recent microbes while in the ground or later. Return to text.
Yes, this article is yet another case of what Romans chapter 1 v18- onwards says about those who know the truth yet suppress it.
Yes, the reaction to these sorts of findings is always "ignore it" and suppress it. These sorts of people want to keep everyone ignorant, many of whom are just as happy to remain wilfully ignorant.
My guess is that they picked the 3rd option. I have already talked to many about this both unbelievers and those who say they believe (but also believe in an old earth) showed them evidence, presented to them how the C14 dating works and it's shelf life and most of them got upset with me. I even begged them to check these things for themselves and not to just take my word they wouldn't even do that. I will not get into a heated debate about The Word of God so I change the subject after a while. I remember I was like them and it took The Lord through His Holy Spirit to first save me and after that He opened my eyes to many things, including world historical events such as the flood of Noah's day. As always I enjoy the work you guys do.
I can think of a few more options:
4) Make sure that 36 000 years is not an age one would expect to get from an undatable sample. I found this piece from ICR interesting in that regard:
"First, any instrument which is built to measure radiocarbon has a limit beyond which it cannot separate the signal due to radiocarbon in the sample from the signal due to background processes within the measuring apparatus. Even a hypothetical sample containing absolutely no radiocarbon will register counts in a radiocarbon counter because of background signals within the counter. In the early days of radiocarbon analysis this limit was often around 20,000 radiocarbon years. Thus, all the researcher was able to say about samples with low levels of radiocarbon was that their age was greater than or equal to 20,000 radiocarbon years (or whatever the sensitivity limit of his apparatus was). Some may have mistaken this to mean that the sample had been dated to 20,000 radiocarbon years."
Thus it seems a likely possibility that the sample could have been too old to accurately date wuth whatever methods the lab used 30 years ago.
5) Take more samples and send them to many different labs. If the age is correct, the labs should yield consistent results. If the age is due to contamination or other mistakes, they are unlikely to all yield the same age, thus falsifying the hypothesis.
6) Look at all the other methods used to support the 20 million year old dates. How many are there? Is the 36 000 year old date an anomaly with no other tests confirming it? If so, one might safely ignore it, at least until someone decides to study it further.
Yes, they are further possibilities. But note, all these possibilities are just guesses by people who were not there and who do not know what the real age is. They can only choose the date or the explanation that best matches what they already believe.