Creation, Islam, evangelism, and academic integrity
Lita Cosner interviews Dr Emir Caner of Truett–McConnell College
Dr Emir Caner is the president of Truett–McConnell College in Cleveland, Georgia. He has an M.Div. from Southeastern Baptist, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Texas at Arlington. He is a prolific author, notably of Unveiling Islam and More than a Prophet. He and his wife Hana are the parents of three children.
Emir Caner grew up in Columbus, Ohio, with his two older brothers as Sunni Muslims. As teenagers, they came to Christ when they were invited to a revival service: he recalls, “That Thursday night I accepted Christ as my Lord and Saviour.” When their father found out they had converted, he disowned all three of his sons. At the end of their father’s life, Emir was called to his deathbed. “I came hoping to convert my father to Christ, but he was hoping to bring me back to Islam and refused to discuss the Bible.” His father refused to convert, and he died four days later. “But in the wake of God’s providence, my mother, a convert to Islam, came to Christ, and so did my grandmother. God has been very good.”
Islam vs. Christianity on creation
As a former Muslim, Dr. Caner knows that Islam and Christianity differ even in some doctrines that on the surface seem very similar. For instance, both religions are monotheistic. But he emphatically states, “It’s absolutely key to realize that Allah and Yahweh are not the same God. People make a massive mistake when they equate the God of the Bible with the god of the Koran.1 Just because both are monotheistic faiths doesn’t mean that they both worship the same God.”
On a superficial level, Islam says that Allah is the creator, and even that he created in six days. But the nature of this creation is very different from how God’s creation is portrayed in the Bible. Dr. Caner elaborated, “For instance, in Islam to partner anything with God is the highest and most heinous sin, so they would never speak of man being in the image of God. Also, man is not inherently sinful—Islam says that man is born weak and forgetful, but not sinful. So there is no salvation in Islam as such, but the belief that what man needs is guidance.”
So the differences in how Christians see God and how Muslims see Allah are grounded in their respective doctrines of creation. “Your view of creation will directly influence your view of salvation. If there is no image of God and there is no Fall, then there will be no need for a Saviour, only the need for guidance.” This explains why Islam primarily provides only a path for man to follow, not the Redeemer of Christianity. In contrast, “Christ’s identity is enveloped in creation. He defines Himself as redeemer because the creation is fallen. He defines Himself as deliverer because mankind is in bondage to sin. Islam doesn’t see that sort of need for a Saviour-Redeemer, though in some sense they do see the need for forgiveness of sins.”
Muslims and evangelism
When asked how to start evangelizing Muslim friends or neighbours, Dr. Caner emphasized, “First, it’s important to realize that what leads a Muslim to Christ is the same that will bring anyone to Christ—they’re not a different ‘species’ when it comes to evangelism. The primary thing is to reach out to them like you would anyone else.”
“Second, put a Bible in their hands. When you speak to a Muslim, they believe that parts of the Bible were inspired, so a lot of times they’ll accept a Bible. Then, when they have hardships, whether it’s a loss of job, a divorce, illness, or something else, they will often come to an end of themselves and go to that Bible, and they may well see the abundant life offered in the Lord Jesus Christ.”
He also emphasizes the need to start a conversation by asking questions. “When I open a conversation with a Muslim I tell them, ‘Whatever you say to me I will not be offended’ and ‘I will be honest with you as I hope you will be with me.’ That will help to bring down any false barriers, and many times Muslims will be more open in the conversation.”
There are two types of questions that are particularly effective in these conversations. “The first are intellectual questions: questions that bring out obvious differences and compare and contrast Christianity and Islam. Islam says that it wasn’t Jesus who died, but someone in His place. So who was it, and when was Jesus replaced? And how is it that the very mother of Jesus and His best friend didn’t recognize that it wasn’t Jesus on the cross? And how do you explain all the fulfilled prophecies in the life of Christ?”
The second are relational questions that bring out the superiority of Christianity as compared to Islam. “When you read the Koran, what do you expect it to give you? Can you have any guarantee of eternal life?” He says both intellectual and relational questions have been very effective in witnessing to Muslims.
However, he points out some things to avoid in evangelism. “First, don’t assume that we have a lot in common with Muslims. Islam is a complete repudiation of Christianity. Whatever we hold dear, they most likely do not.” For instance, Christians believe that “God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believes in Him will not perish but have eternal life.” (John 3:16) But the Koran says that “he [Allah] is not begotten nor does he beget.” Jesus says “Come unto me, all you who are heavily laden, and I will give you rest,” but the Koran says “If anyone is heavily laden, he must bear his own burdens.” Dr Caner summarizes, “Every time we hold something that is crucial to our faith, Mohammed takes it and steps on it. Even the things that seem similar at first glance really aren’t.”
Second, Christians should avoid offending Muslims unnecessarily. “If you invite them over to dinner, don’t serve pork or alcohol, for example.” Building relationships with Muslims allows us to demonstrate a godly life to them. “Invite them in so they can see your family. Many times all they’ve seen is what’s on television, and many Muslims think that’s an accurate portrayal of reality because they’ve never really known Christians.”
The creation foundation of a Christian education
Dr Caner has been the President of Truett–McConnell College for the past four years. He affirms that biblical creation is heavily emphasized. “Truett is one of a handful of Christian colleges that has a science faculty that emphasizes young-earth creation. We think it is the biblical model and we want to demonstrate an institution that is biblically and academically representing what the majority of the laypeople hold to in the pew, including the parents of our students. I want the school to represent what the parents in the pews believe. They’ve invested in their children’s lives for 18 years and now they’ve sent them off to Christian schools. I want to demonstrate to these students from an academic view that young-earth creation is the most consistent with Scripture and with science.”
Biblical, or young-earth, creation is the view of TMC because it is the result of a “simple hermeneutic”: “Dr. Adrian Rogers had a great statement—‘The Pharisees took that which was simple and made it complex. Jesus took what was complex and made it simple.’ When you take Genesis and read it plainly, young-earth creationism is the view you have to come to.” It is also the view of Christians for the majority of church history: “One of the main reasons we hold to young-earth creation, and expect our professors to do so as well, is that when you look at church history, there is near unanimity on this issue until the last three hundred years or so. As a historian, the question I have is, why did we change after 16 or 17 centuries of young-earth creation? Did we get a special new revelation that wasn’t available before then? I don’t think so. What happened was the ‘Enlightenment’, when the common view went from Scripture judging man to man judging Scripture. We started to see Scripture from the secular worldview and started to question its veracity. Ultimately this resulted in new views of creation like the gap theory, day-age, and so on, but these are relatively new views. The fact is, no one was able to see a gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 until 200 years ago. Why hold a theory that’s only 200 years old when no one saw it for 1800 years previously?”
Why are kids leaving the church?
We often talk about the problem of kids leaving the church when they leave home. Dr Caner thinks there are multiple reasons for this. “I think some of it is pragmatic. They’re free for the first time, and that translates into not going to church. Sometimes the atmosphere of the college isn’t conducive to being involved in a local church, and churches, even those near college campuses, don’t often reach out to the colleges.”
“Some of the blame has to fall on Christian institutions. In many Christian schools the Bible class will teach a conservative view of Scripture, and the science class will teach evolution. So at one point they’re learning the Bible is true, and at the other, evolution is true. And this is from the same institution! What is the student supposed to think?”
But many kids go to Bible colleges that fail to affirm biblical creation, with disastrous results. “I would rather my kids go to a secular school where they expect liberalism than to get liberalism at a Christian school where they don’t expect it.” He advises parents to help to prepare their children for the inevitable introduction of anti-biblical ideas. “Mom and Dad have to raise them up in ‘the fear of the Lord’ (the beginning of ‘knowledge’ and ‘wisdom’—Proverbs 1:7; 9:10). And they also have to begin introducing those secular ideas. Let them read books that disagree with Christianity in a controlled environment, and disciple them and teach them how to defend the faith [1 Peter 3:15].”
|Genesis 1:26–27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created them, male and female He created them.||Surat Al-Baqarah 2:22 [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to him].|
|Genesis 2:2–3 And on the seventh day God finished his work that He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work that He had done. So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all His work that He had done in creation.||Surat Qaf 50:38 And we did certainly create the heavens and earth and what is between them in six days, and there touched us no weariness.2|
|Genesis 3:17 And to Adam He [God] said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life.”||Surat Al-Balad 90:4 We have certainly created man into hardship.|
Jesus and Salvation
|John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that He gave His only Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.||Surat Al-‘Isra 17:43 … but he is Allah, the one, the self-sufficient master, whom all creatures need. He begets not, nor was he begotten, and there is none comparable or coequal unto him.|
|Philippians 2:8 And being found in human form, He [Jesus] humbled Himself to the point of death, even death on a cross.||Surat An-Nisa 4:157 And for their saying, “indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them.|
|Luke 3:22 And the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well-pleased.”||Surat An-Nisa 4:171 The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and his word which he directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. … And do not say, “Three”; desist … Indeed, Allah is but one god. Exalted is he above having a son.|
|Romans 10:9 If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.||Surat Al-Mu’minum 23:102–103 And those whose scales are heavy [with good deeds]—it is they who are the successful. But those whose scales are light—those are the ones who have lost their souls, [being] in Hell, abiding eternally.|
Editor’s note: Many have written in about a certain situation several years ago that did not directly involve Dr Emir Caner, who was never shown to have committed any wrongdoing and who remains in good standing at Truett-McConnell. CMI is not in a place to judge long-past events, and the interview did not cover any topics involved with the controversy. We hope that our readers will join us in refusing to take part in Internet gossip and slander, and will be edified by the Gospel-centered content of this article.
References and notes
- Alternative anglicized spellings of ‘Koran’: Qur’an, Quran, Qur-an and Qur-án. See more on incompatibility with the Bible at creation.com/koran. Return to text.
- Well-meaning Christians trying to witness to Muslims have pointed to the Koran’s use of ‘we’ and ‘us’, referring to Allah as in this verse, as evidence that the Koran supports the Christian’s Triune God. But Muslim scholars are dismissive of this, claiming that it’s just a style of speech rather like the “royal we”. However, this is just as much a stretch as denying the plurality in the Godhead as we are taught in Genesis 1, “Let us make man in our image”—see Grigg, R., Who really is the God of Genesis? Creation 27(3):37–39, 2005; creation.com/god-genesis. All the same, Dr Caner recommends against using this argument with Muslims; there are much better ones. Return to text.
One thing I'd love to know is: is there any book (or books) out there which gives an exhaustive Bible-Qu'ran comparison, describing whether the Qu'ran corroborates, is silent on, or disputes, what is written in the true Word of God, from start to finish? Would be most helpful.
Much as Dr. Camer is right that Christians and Muslims have much on which we differ, and that Islam is a complete repudiation of the foremost truth of Christianity that belief in Jesus as Lord and His resurrection is the ONLY way to eternal life rather than eternal death, it's important to note that the Qu'ran is hardly at odds with the Bible on every conceivable subject.
True believing Muslims are certainly just like us in one respect - they believe in the mighty Eternal Creator and have a deep longing to follow His directions for us. They've just got the wrong instruction manual which gives the wrong image of the Eternal Creator. Totally unlike the antitheists, pantheists and polytheists who willingly suppress the truth in unrighteousness (i.e., deny any objective morality) in order to justify their own sinful desires. Most Muslims, I'd guess, have never even read a Bible. But given how much they have right, relatively speaking, I'd have to wonder if really a Muslim wouldn't be one of the easiest people to convert to the Truth if you can break through the barriers.
Certainly it's heartbreaking to see people search diligently for the eternal life which we most of us yearn for and be denied solely because they've been presented with a distorted guide. I only know a few Muslims personally but those I do know are as thoroughly nice as any of my Christian brethren, and I find it quite distressing to think they should fail to find the truth.
Only with our loving outreach will they do so.
From a logical perspective, much of what you’ve written is a very reasonable analysis. Unfortunately, for a Muslim to decide to leave Islam is not just a simple academic decision, as the death penalty is prescribed in many parts of the world for any Muslim who does that. Even for Muslims who move to the ‘safety’ of the west, there are very real fears of consequences for their family members back home. E.g. a pastor in Australia told us recently of a Muslim who’d come along to a church service. When the pastor asked the Muslim afterwards of what he thought of his first experience of church, the Muslim said, “If I had the freedom to choose, I would choose Christianity. But I can’t—the cost to my family back home would be too great. However, I really hope my daughters here convert to Christianity.”
As it happened, the church service that the Muslim attended was addressed by a CMI speaker that day, who during his presentation referred to the stark differences between the Creation and Flood accounts in the Bible compared to the Koran, described in detail at creation.com/koran.
As Christians we should refuse the temptation with:" It is written......."
The article is good,but rather incomplete, because the question of the Resurrection is absent. Even if a substitute of Jesus was crucified,which is quite baseless and smacks of deep-set hatred, what does Koran have to say about that person having raised from the dead after 3 days? What about the "Everlasting"life which our Lord has given us, that begins from before "the foundation of the world" and lasts for ever, through our bodily death on earth, and the resurrection at the Rapture? Does Koran say anything on this truth? The Koran is almost fully condescending to man`s sin and sinfulness, as it refrains from holding man punishable by his Holy Creator. Presumably, this is the reason why Muslims see nothing wrong in terrorist acts they commit on non-Muslim Kafirs, as they are themselves blameless in the eyes of Allah. Dr. Caner is silent on the Globel Chaphate dream of the Muslim world, which is likely to bring about forced conversion to Islam as soon as it becomes possible. What does Islam say about the fantastic, though baseless, theories of astrophysicists like Einstein, Hawking, Hoyle etc. and does it accept it? I feel that Dr.Caner`s article is intellectually very good and well informed. Somehow, however, I personally felt it does not exude the confidence about the truth of the Lord Jesus Christ to repudiate Islam strongly which may be prudent and wise in these days of reckless reactions from the Muslim world.And finally, what does Koran say about the last days prophesies of the Bible and of the Lord Jesus which are coming true at increasing pace, eg the earthquakes, and upheavals everywhere including in space.
Due to word limits for the magazine, of course our interview could not be exhaustive, and some of your topics would fall under eschatological things that we simply don't cover.
I disagree with you about the article 'not exuding the confidence about the truth of the Lord Jesus Christ'. It would have been nice if you had given an instance of where you felt a lack of confidence was communicated. As it is there's not a lot to answer.
Thankyou for the very interesting and instructive lesson, comparing Islam and Christianity. Keep up the good work. Blesings