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Hugh Ross Church Fathers

Old earther admits “poor quality” research by other old-earthers

Wikipedia.org Hugh-Ross
Hugh Ross
Published: 13 July 2017 (GMT+10)

From time to time we receive emails from devotees of Dr Hugh Ross, probably today’s leading advocate of old-earth creationism. Please note that we take no pleasure in highlighting the following matters. But for the sake of integrity in the creation movement (the brand of creation promoted by Ross is called ‘Progressive Creationism’), we need to address challenges by devotees of Ross as if he is a source of infallible wisdom. These same devotees don’t seem to be aware that, although on the surface Ross’s claims might seem credible, they are often littered with inaccuracies and just plain bad science. Moreover, they seem to be unaware (or unwilling to read) the extensive refutations that are now available, which Ross himself refuses to deal with (see for example More false claims by Hugh Ross: Leading progressive creationist’s (non-) response to Refuting Compromise). For example, in challenging our biblical stance on the age of the earth, Ross fan, Steve E. of the USA, writes:

I’d like to advise against using James Mook’s “The Church Fathers on Genesis, the Flood, and the Age of the Earth”1 as a source for authority on the church fathers for YEC. You have one review of the book it is part of:

  • A review of Coming to Grips with Genesis: Biblical Authority and the Age of the Earth by Terry Mortenson and Thane H. Ury (Eds.)
  • And three quotes in these articles:

  • Worldviews, logic, and earth’s age—part 2
  • Does Genesis allow any scientific theory of origin? A response to J.P. Dickson
  • Martin Rudwick’s shallow assessment: “Creationists out of their depth”
  • This article [cited in Hugh Ross’s website per footnote ref. 2 below] does a fairly good job of dismantling Mook’s assertions. I understand the purpose of that site which is contrary to yours, so here's a more favorable discussion of early church fathers: [3]

    Dr Jonathan Sarfati replies:

    Dear Mr E.

    Thank you for writing to CMI.

    I’d like to advise against using anything from Hugh Ross’s website, because he is theologically errant and scientifically unreliable, as amply documented in my book Refuting Compromise. In Ch. 3, I make plenty of use of Robert Bradshaw’s website.

    I also pointed out that Ross claimed on his website:

    Many of the early church fathers and other Biblical scholars interpreted the creation days of Genesis 1 as long periods of time. The list of such proponents includes the Jewish historian Josephus (1st century); Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons, apologist, and martyr (2nd century); Origen, who rebutted heathen attacks on Christian doctrine (3rd century); Basil (4th century); Augustine (5th century); and, later, Aquinas (13th century), to name a few.[Omitted the references his original; hyperlinks added]4

    He made similar claims in his books Creation and Time (1994) and The Genesis Question (1998). However, it’s well documented and easy to show that all these writers were actually YECs (young-earth creationists), and most believed in 24-hour creation days, as can be seen from the hyperlinks added to Ross’s quote, and also documented in my book Refuting Compromise.

    But some time after my book first came out in 2004, Ross quietly removed that claim from his website. So, the next (3rd) edition was already planned to have the following addition, which actually quotes from the very article you recommended!1

    Epilogue: quiet retraction on Dr Ross’ own website by J. Millam

    At some time after my book was published, the above quote4 disappeared from his website. Instead, we have this admission on the site by Ross-supporter Millam:

    Mook also takes aim at Dr. Hugh Ross’ claims on this subject. Ross’ earliest statements claim that Irenaeus, Origen, Basil, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas taught that the creation days were long periods of time, which Mook rejects as incorrect. In later books, Ross has backed away from many of those claims but still argues that Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, and several others taught that the days of creation were 1,000 years each. Mook concludes that while Ross become [sic] more nuanced in his claims, he remains substantially wrong.
    Unfortunately, few old earth creationists have written about the church fathers and what little they have written is often poor quality (with Stanley Jaki as a notable exception). This scarcity of solid resources is part of what motivated me to research this issue for myself.
    Based on my own research, no early church father taught any form of a day-age view or an earth older than 10,000 years [emphasis ours]. In fact, the first people that I can clearly identify as teaching the old-earth view are Isaac Newton and Thomas Burnet in the late seventeenth century. This seems like a fatal blow to old-earth creationism and a strong vindication of Mook’s position but closer examination shows otherwise.2

    As above, the author admits that Ross has retracted his claims, and tacitly admits that Ross’s research was “poor quality”. For Ross to originally make such a blanket statement about what the early church fathers supposedly believed when the majority believed the exact opposite, is no small thing. We hope that readers can glean the serious implications of now relying upon any claims by Ross. And now, as an apparent coverup, Ross’s ally Millam spends the rest of his paper trying to explain that the Church Fathers’ beliefs don’t matter after all—although Ross had originally claimed that they mattered a lot—hence why he [mis] quoted them (where he thought they backed him!).

    References and notes

    1. J. Mook, “The Church Fathers on Genesis, the Flood, and the Age of the Earth,” in Coming to Grips with Genesis, eds. T. Mortenson and T.H. Ury, Green Forest, AR: Masters Books, 2008. Return to text.
    2. J. Millam, Coming to Grips with the Early Church Fathers’ Perspective on Genesis, Part 1 (of 5), reasons.org, 8 September 2011. Return to text.
    3. Robert Bradshaw’s in-depth study, Genesis, Creationism and the Early Church, robibradshaw.com Return to text.
    4. Biblical Evidence for Long Creation Days, reasons.org, 1 December 2002. Return to text.

    Helpful Resources

    Refuting Compromise, updated & expanded
    by Dr Jonathan Sarfati
    US $17.00
    Soft Cover
    The Genesis Account
    by Jonathan Sarfati
    US $39.00
    Hard Cover
    Creation, Fall, Restoration
    by Andrew S Kulikovsky
    US $24.00
    Soft Cover
    From Creation to Salvation
    by Lita Cosner
    US $14.00
    Soft Cover

    Readers’ comments

    Roger P.
    I had (have ?) a similar issue with Dr Ross who clearly misrepresented my SPI-RALL cosmological redshift hypothesis (that explains why distant starlight aligns with and attests to YeC) that holds no-ongoing cosmic expansion.

    Last we spoke/corresponded his team felt no correction required, but why should he allow his team to leave a false review in place?
    Anyway, if anyone has influence please have them correct or delete the faulty review.
    SPIRALL is the basis of ‘distant starlight and the age, formation and structure of the universe’.
    Anthony Wayne M.
    These old-earth creationists may be sincere but they are sincerely wrong. You can’t have it both ways and the truth will win out. The whole universe cries out that it is young and God’s plan would never take billions of years to complete because he is able to do all things well including efficiency.
    James P.
    Many of the church fathers cited believed that while the days of creation were literal 24-hour days, they also represented longer periods of time. This would explain why Adam did in fact die “on the day you eat of the fruit”, because he died at the age of 930, before the end of the first millennium-‘day’ of the created world. Church fathers often believed that in parallel to the six-plus-one days of the first week of creation, earth history also would have six-plus-one millennia, the seventh millennium being the 1000 years when Messiah rules on earth over all nations in peace and harmony—a Sabbath day-millennium for the world. The only question was how many millennia had passed since creation. Many thought that they were somewhere in the sixth millennium, meaning that the seventh Millennium was soon to arrive. More recent calculations would differ, putting creation around 4000 BC (i.e. six millennia ago), in which case we ourselves might reasonably expect the seventh Millennium to be imminent. Even so, this still assumes a creation (in seven 24-hour days) within recent earth history, a belief that church fathers typically shared with young-earth creationists today.
    Jonathan Sarfati
    I cover this in Refuting Compromise, ch. 3, section Days as types for millennia.
    Deon B.
    Just a stone in the bush. Much of error through the ages—and this is simply my own pondering on what I read in scripture, is in the use of the title—“Church Father”. The word ‘father’ places that person in some position of authority, and I am reluctant to say, almost on par with GOD our FATHER. Call them ‘Church Men of Old’, ‘Church leaders of the early Church’, ‘Early Church Scholars’, etc. Jesus explicitly warned in Mathew 23:7-10: (9) “And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.” Did He know something about exalting men above others, that we are missing?
    Jonathan Sarfati
    Jesus wasn’t talking about this usage of father, but a different usage. Americans talk about their ‘founding fathers’, Helmholz has been called the ‘Father of Physical Chemistry’, and in the Bible, Abraham is the “father of us all [who share his faith]” (Romans 4:16) and Jubal was called the “father of all those who play the lyre and pipe” (Genesis 4:21).
    Victor M.
    What proof (astronomical/scriptural) do we have that an earth day was 24 hours long (short!) approx. 6,000 years ago? [Playing devil’s advocate here …]
    Jonathan Sarfati
    As long as the days of the working week are 24 hours, what other length could creation days reasonably be, considering they are connected in Exodus 20:8–11?
    Guy G.
    I remember the first time I heard Ross on a video and I sized him up based on my experience with another area I tend to study—medical, dental and nutritional quackery. When a person makes claims with poor or little substantiation, there is a ‘ring’ that is unmistakable—it’s in error. My profession is dentistry, and I am amazed at just how much we ‘knew for sure’ in 1980, is now passé; the only thing I feel I know ‘for sure’ is truth, now that I’m older, is the inerrant Word of God. Everything else, especially man’s made up ideas of how we got here, is up for question.
    Olavi V.
    Peter: “But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.” (2Pt3:8)
    Jonathan Sarfati
    You are supposed to check our site first, e.g.:

    2 Peter 3:8—‘one day is like a thousand years’
    Jordan C.
    Thank you Dr Sarfati for the article, especially for the response you gave in the comments section:

    A common argument is that they were closer to the Apostles than we, so they know better. However, this doesn’t necessarily follow. Paul’s letters were written largely to correct error in churches founded by the Apostles themselves.

    This is truly an awesome and amazing point!
    Thank you!! I have had great difficulty answering to objections to Sola Scriptura in comparison to a few comments made by the early church fathers, one in particular, Ignatius of Antioch in regards to the last supper and John 6 and his possible literal views regarding those relevant verses.

    Your point about Paul’s letters addressing errors in the early church, is incredible scriptural evidence, first to demonstrate that these indeed were occurring in the time that Paul was still alive, and second to counter arguments that “early church tradition is equal to God’s Word.”
    Amazing! God bless you! :)
    Bill P.
    I remember listening to Ross’s teachings about 2 decades ago. Although at the time I still was a baby in the faith even back then I did not feel comfortable with the ideas he was teaching. Now after all these years of first studying The Word of God and then research done using info from your site and creation scientists who used the Word of God as their foundation for their info, the doubts I had about what Ross was teaching are proven to be correct. Thanks for all your work on the evidence you people provide.
    Malcolm H.
    The behaviour or teachings of church fathers is of little authority of the truth , for history is littered with false theology. Paul warned that when he was to leave , truth would be compromised (Acts 20:27–31).Our only rule of faith is to be that which was delivered by the saints (Jude 3).Why care about what anyone in history has or has not believed?
    Jonathan Sarfati
    I’m not sure what you’re addressing exactly. Anyway, in Refuting Compromise, at the start of ch. 3, I write:

    Why is church history relevant?

    Some may argue, ‘Isn’t the Bible all we need? Don’t you realize that interpreters can err?’ Indeed, the correct view must be obtained from the Bible alone. But then, modern exegetes are not the first who have known about the original languages and cultures of the Bible. The onus is on those proposing a novel interpretation to prove their case.

    There are two more reasons why it is instructive to analyze the history, which will be explained in detail in this chapter:

    1. Generally: If long-age interpretations had always been popular, then a case could be made for assuming that the Bible hints at this. But if they were absent until they became popular in ‘science’, it’s more likely that such interpretations were motivated by trying to reconcile the Bible with ‘science’.

    2. Specifically for Ross: he often claims that interpreters throughout history have allowed for long creation days. Since this is a book on his claims, it’s important to address evidence that he uses to overcome the charge that he’s motivated by ‘science’ and not the Biblical text.


    ‘Traditional’ churches such as Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches hold that the combined testimony of the Church Fathers is on a par with Scripture itself. A common argument is that they were closer to the Apostles than we, so they know better.

    However, this doesn’t necessarily follow. Paul’s letters were written largely to correct error in churches founded by the Apostles themselves. Furthermore, as the church became primarily Gentile, knowledge of Hebrew diminished, so that even some of the leading Church Fathers knew no Hebrew at all, including the highly influential Augustine. Still, many of the Fathers had tremendous wisdom, which showed in the battles against anti-Trinitarian heresies.

    The main point of this chapter is to address Ross’s claims, and show that even by his own reasoning, we should accept 24-hour Creation Days.

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